Effects of ocean acidification on hatch size and larval growth of walleye pollock (Theragra chalcogramma) from laboratory experiment studies from 2010-03-01 to 2011-05-31 (NODC Accession 0125007)

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This archival package contains laboratory experiment data that were collected to examine the effects of ocean acidification on hatch size and larval growth of walleye pollock (Theragra chalcogramma). Rising atmospheric concentrations of CO2 are predicted to decrease the pH of high-latitude oceans by 0.3-0.5 units by 2100. Because of their limited capacity for ion exchange, embryos and larvae of marine fishes are predicted to be more sensitive to elevated CO2 than juveniles and adults. Eggs and larvae of walleye pollock (Theragra chalcogramma) were incubated across a broad range of CO2 levels (280-2100 matm) to evaluate sensitivity in this critical resource species. Slightly elevated CO2 levels ( 450 matm) resulted in earlier hatching times, but differences among egg batches were greater than those observed across CO2 treatments. Egg batches differed significantly in size-at-hatch metrics, but we observed no consistent effect of CO2 level. In three independent experiments, walleye pollock were reared at ambient and elevated CO2 levels through the early larval stage (to 30 days post-hatch). Across trials, there were only minor effects of CO2 level on size and growth rate, but fish in the ambient treatments tended to be slightly smaller than fish reared at elevated CO2 levels. These results suggest that growth potential of early life stages of walleye pollock is resilient with respect to the direct physiological effects of ocean acidification.
  • Cite as: Hurst, Thomas P. (2015). Effects of ocean acidification on hatch size and larval growth of walleye pollock (Theragra chalcogramma) from laboratory experiment studies from 2010-03-01 to 2011-05-31 (NODC Accession 0125007). Version 1.2. National Oceanographic Data Center, NOAA. Dataset. doi:10.7289/V5X0650T [access date]
gov.noaa.nodc:0125007
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Distribution Formats
  • Originator data format
Ordering Instructions Data may be searched and downloaded using online services provided by NCEI using the online resource URLs in this record. Contact NCEI Information Services for custom orders. When requesting data from NCEI, the desired data set may be referred to by the unique package identification number listed in this metadata record.
Distributor DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
301-713-3277
NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact Information Services
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
301-713-3277
NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
Time Period 2010-03-01 to 2011-05-31
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates
N: 48.135
S: 48.135
E: -122.76
W: -122.76
Spatial Coverage Map
General Documentation
  • Project Metadata
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  • Dataset Description
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  • Descriptive Information
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Publication Dates
  • publication: 2015-01-14
  • revision: 2015-02-11
Edition 1.2
Data Presentation Form Digital table - digital representation of facts or figures systematically displayed, especially in columns
Dataset Progress Status Complete - production of the data has been completed
Data Update Frequency As needed
Supplemental Information
PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATORS: Thomas P. Hurst; Jeremy T. Mathis.
FUNDING AGENCY: NOAA's Ocean Acidification Program (OAP).
PROJECT TITLE: Effects of Ocean Acidification on Early Life Stages of Alaska Fishery Resources: Walleye Pollock
PROJECT ID: OAPFY11.1.AFSC.004; OAPFY12.02.AFSC.004
Purpose To study how hatch size and larval growth of walleye pollock are affected by ocean acidification.
Use Limitations
  • accessLevel: Public
  • Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
Dataset Citation
  • Cite as: Hurst, Thomas P. (2015). Effects of ocean acidification on hatch size and larval growth of walleye pollock (Theragra chalcogramma) from laboratory experiment studies from 2010-03-01 to 2011-05-31 (NODC Accession 0125007). Version 1.2. National Oceanographic Data Center, NOAA. Dataset. doi:10.7289/V5X0650T [access date]
Cited Authors
  • Hurst, Thomas P.
Principal Investigators
Contributors
Resource Providers
Publishers
Acknowledgments
  • Funding Information: NOAA's Ocean Acidification Program (OAPFY11.1.AFSC.004; OAPFY12.02.AFSC.004)
Theme keywords NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS WMO_CategoryCode
  • oceanography
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science and Services Keywords
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > ALKALINITY
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > INORGANIC CARBON
Provider Variable Names
  • ARsat
  • CAsat
  • DIC
  • DPFmean
  • HTmean
  • IDmean
  • Kmean
  • SLmean
  • TA
  • YAmean
  • hatch_n
  • pCO2
  • pH
Data Center keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NODC > National Oceanographic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NMFS/AFSC > Alaska Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/OAR/PMEL > Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, OAR, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
NODC COLLECTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS NODC SUBMITTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS
Instrument keywords NODC INSTRUMENT TYPES THESAURUS Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Instrument Keywords
  • COULOMETERS
  • MICROSCOPES
Place keywords NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
  • OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN
Provider Geographic Names
  • West Coast of the United States
Project keywords NODC PROJECT NAMES THESAURUS Ocean Acidification Search Keywords
  • Ocean Acidification Data Stewardship (OADS) Project
  • Ocean Acidification Program (OAP)
Keywords NCEI ACCESSION NUMBER
Use Constraints
  • Cite as: Hurst, Thomas P. (2015). Effects of ocean acidification on hatch size and larval growth of walleye pollock (Theragra chalcogramma) from laboratory experiment studies from 2010-03-01 to 2011-05-31 (NODC Accession 0125007). Version 1.2. National Oceanographic Data Center, NOAA. Dataset. doi:10.7289/V5X0650T [access date]
Access Constraints
  • NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
Fees
  • Digital data may be downloaded from NCEI at no charge in most cases. For custom orders of digital data or to obtain a copy of analog materials, please contact NCEI Information Services for information about current fees.
Lineage information for: dataset
Processing Steps
  • 2015-01-14T19:40:10 - NCEI Accession 0125007 v1.1 was published.
  • 2015-02-11T15:24:11 - NCEI Accession 0125007 was revised and v1.2 was published.
    Rationale: Updates were received for this data set. These updates were copied into the data/0-data/ directory of this accession. These updates may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. This version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession.
Output Datasets
Lineage information for: dataset
Processing Steps
  • Parameter or Variable: Dissolved Inorganic Carbon; Abbreviation: DIC; Unit: umol/kg; Observation type: Laboratory experiment; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: Manipulation condition; Measured or calculated: Measured; Sampling instrument: Siphoning tube; Analyzing instrument: VINDTA 3C (Versatile Instrument for the Determination of dissolved inorganic carbon and Total Alkalinity) coupled to a UIC 5014 coulometer.; Poison name: saturated HgCl2; Poison correction: no correction.; Uncertainty: less than 0.05%; Quality flag convention: "h2oDQ" reflects reliabiltity of data: 1=good; 2=questionable/outlier/estimated; 3=known error. ; Researcher name: Jeremy T. Mathis; Researcher institution: Ocean Acidification Research Center at the University of Alaska at Fairbanks.
  • Parameter or Variable: Total alkalinity; Abbreviation: TA; Unit: umol/kg; Observation type: Laboratory experiment; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: Manipulation condition; Measured or calculated: Measured; Sampling instrument: Siphoning tube; Analyzing instrument: Alkalinity titrator; Poison name: saturated HgCl2; Poison correction: no correction.; Uncertainty: less than 0.05%; Quality flag convention: "h2oDQ" reflects reliabiltity of data: 1=good; 2=questionable/outlier/estimated; 3=known error. ; Researcher name: Jeremy T. Mathis; Researcher institution: Ocean Acidification Research Center at the University of Alaska at Fairbanks.
  • Parameter or Variable: pH; Abbreviation: pH; pH scale: Seawater; Observation type: Laboratory experiment; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: Manipulation condition; Measured or calculated: Calculated; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: calculated from DIC, TA, temperature, and salinity; At what temperature was pH reported: 8.0; Quality flag convention: "h2oDQ" reflects reliabiltity of data: 1=good; 2=questionable/outlier/estimated; 3=known error. ; Method reference: Lewis and Wallace 1995. Basic programs for the CO2 system in seawater. Brookhaven National Laboratory. BNL-61827; Researcher name: Jeremy T. Mathis; Researcher institution: Ocean Acidification Research Center at the University of Alaska at Fairbanks.
  • Parameter or Variable: pCO2 (fCO2) autonomous; Abbreviation: pCO2; Unit: uatm; Observation type: Laboratory experiment; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: Manipulation condition; Measured or calculated: Calculated; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: calculated from DIC, TA, temperature, and salinity; At what temperature was pCO2 reported: 8.0; Quality flag convention: "h2oDQ" reflects reliabiltity of data: 1=good; 2=questionable/outlier/estimated; 3=known error. ; Method reference: Lewis and Wallace 1995. Basic programs for the CO2 system in seawater. Brookhaven National Laboratory. BNL-61827; Researcher name: Jeremy T. Mathis; Researcher institution: Ocean Acidification Research Center at the University of Alaska at Fairbanks.
  • Parameter or Variable: Calcite saturation state; Abbreviation: CAsat; Unit: omega; Observation type: Laboratory experiment; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: Manipulation condition; Measured or calculated: calculated; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: calculated using CO2sys program; Quality flag convention: "h2oDQ" reflects reliabiltity of data: 1=good; 2=questionable/outlier/estimated; 3=known error. ; Researcher name: Jeremy T. Mathis; Researcher institution: Ocean Acidification Research Center at the University of Alaska at Fairbanks.
  • Parameter or Variable: Aragonite saturation state; Abbreviation: ARsat; Unit: omega; Observation type: Laboratory experiment; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: Manipulation condition; Measured or calculated: calculated; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: calculated using CO2sys program; Quality flag convention: "h2oDQ" reflects reliabiltity of data: 1=good; 2=questionable/outlier/estimated; 3=known error. ; Researcher name: Jeremy T. Mathis; Researcher institution: Ocean Acidification Research Center at the University of Alaska at Fairbanks.
  • Parameter or Variable: Mean standard length; Abbreviation: SLmean; Unit: mm; Observation type: Laboratory experiment; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: response variable; Measured or calculated: measured; Sampling instrument: dissecting microscope; Analyzing instrument: ImagePro image analysis system; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: Newly hatched larvae were sampled and measured daily throughout the hatching period. Each day during the hatch cycle, up to 20 newly hatched larvae from each beaker were digitally photographed under a dissecting microscope. An image analysis system was used to measure fish from the photographs.; Replicate information: Up to 20 fish were measured from each treatment replicate on each sampling date; Quality flag convention: "sizeDQ" reflects reliabiltity of data: 1=good; 2=questionable/outlier; 3=known error. ; Biological subject: walleye pollock; Species ID: Gadus chalcogrammus (renamed from Theragra chalcogramma, 2014); Researcher name: Thomas P. Hurst; Researcher institution: Alaska Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
  • Parameter or Variable: Mean body height; Abbreviation: HTmean; Unit: mm; Observation type: Laboratory experiment; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: response variable; Measured or calculated: measured; Sampling instrument: dissecting microscope; Analyzing instrument: ImagePro image analysis system; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: Newly hatched larvae were sampled and measured daily throughout the hatching period. Each day during the hatch cycle, up to 20 newly hatched larvae from each beaker were digitally photographed under a dissecting microscope. An image analysis system was used to measure fish from the photographs.; Replicate information: Up to 20 fish were measured from each treatment replicate on each sampling date; Quality flag convention: "sizeDQ" reflects reliabiltity of data: 1=good; 2=questionable/outlier; 3=known error. ; Biological subject: walleye pollock; Species ID: Gadus chalcogrammus (renamed from Theragra chalcogramma, 2014); Researcher name: Thomas P. Hurst; Researcher institution: Alaska Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
  • Parameter or Variable: Mean eye diameter; Abbreviation: IDmean; Unit: mm; Observation type: Laboratory experiment; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: response variable; Measured or calculated: measured; Sampling instrument: dissecting microscope; Analyzing instrument: ImagePro image analysis system; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: Newly hatched larvae were sampled and measured daily throughout the hatching period. Each day during the hatch cycle, up to 20 newly hatched larvae from each beaker were digitally photographed under a dissecting microscope. An image analysis system was used to measure fish from the photographs.; Replicate information: Up to 20 fish were measured from each treatment replicate on each sampling date; Quality flag convention: "sizeDQ" reflects reliabiltity of data: 1=good; 2=questionable/outlier; 3=known error. ; Biological subject: walleye pollock; Species ID: Gadus chalcogrammus (renamed from Theragra chalcogramma, 2014); Researcher name: Thomas P. Hurst; Researcher institution: Alaska Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
  • Parameter or Variable: Mean yolk area; Abbreviation: YAmean; Unit: mm; Observation type: Laboratory experiment; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: response variable; Measured or calculated: measured; Sampling instrument: dissecting microscope; Analyzing instrument: ImagePro image analysis system; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: Newly hatched larvae were sampled and measured daily throughout the hatching period. Each day during the hatch cycle, up to 20 newly hatched larvae from each beaker were digitally photographed under a dissecting microscope. An image analysis system was used to measure fish from the photographs.; Replicate information: Up to 20 fish were measured from each treatment replicate on each sampling date; Quality flag convention: "sizeDQ" reflects reliabiltity of data: 1=good; 2=questionable/outlier; 3=known error. ; Biological subject: walleye pollock; Species ID: Gadus chalcogrammus (renamed from Theragra chalcogramma, 2014); Researcher name: Thomas P. Hurst; Researcher institution: Alaska Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
  • Parameter or Variable: Mean body condition; Abbreviation: Kmean; Observation type: Laboratory experiment; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: response variable; Measured or calculated: calculated; Sampling instrument: dissecting microscope; Analyzing instrument: ImagePro image analysis system; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: Newly hatched larvae were sampled and measured daily throughout the hatching period. Each day during the hatch cycle, up to 20 newly hatched larvae from each beaker were digitally photographed under a dissecting microscope. An image analysis system was used to measure fish from the photographs.; Replicate information: Up to 20 fish were measured from each treatment replicate on each sampling date; Quality flag convention: "sizeDQ" reflects reliabiltity of data: 1=good; 2=questionable/outlier; 3=known error. ; Biological subject: walleye pollock; Species ID: Gadus chalcogrammus (renamed from Theragra chalcogramma, 2014); Researcher name: Thomas P. Hurst; Researcher institution: Alaska Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
  • Parameter or Variable: Mean time to hatch; Abbreviation: DPFmean; Observation type: Laboratory experiment; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: response variable; Measured or calculated: measured; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: Newly hatched larvae were sampled daily throughout the hatching period. ; Quality flag convention: "hatchDQ" reflects reliabiltity of data: 1=good; 2=questionable/outlier; 3=known error. ; Biological subject: walleye pollock; Species ID: Gadus chalcogrammus (renamed from Theragra chalcogramma, 2014); Researcher name: Thomas P. Hurst; Researcher institution: Alaska Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
  • Parameter or Variable: Number of fish hatching from incubation beaker; Abbreviation: hatch_n; Observation type: Laboratory experiment; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: response variable; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: Newly hatched larvae were sampled daily throughout the hatching period. ; Quality flag convention: "hatchDQ" reflects reliabiltity of data: 1=good; 2=questionable/outlier; 3=known error. ; Biological subject: walleye pollock; Species ID: Gadus chalcogrammus (renamed from Theragra chalcogramma, 2014); Researcher name: Thomas P. Hurst; Researcher institution: Alaska Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
Lineage information for: repository
Processing Steps
  • 2015-04-22T00:00:00 - NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
Acquisition Information (collection)
Instrument
  • Coulometer for DIC measurement
  • microscope
  • titrator
Last Modified: 2018-08-10T18:57:10
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