Modeled prevalance of seabirds and relative abundance of cetaceans in NW Atlantic (limit-40 W) from 1980-04-01 to 1988-10-01 (NCEI Accession 0130025)

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This data set is a compilation of modeled seabird prevalence predictions for a selection of species including Razorbill (Alca torda), Greater Shearwater (Puffinus gravis), Wilson’s Storm-petrel (Oceanites oceanicus), Northern Gannet (Morus bassanus), and all auks (Alcidae), and relative abundance of cetaceans including humpback whale (megaptera novaengliae), right whale (Eubalaena glacialis), sei whale (Balaenoptera borealis), and fin whale (Balaenoptera musculus). These data were generated to improve the Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary management plan review and coastal zone management decisions in the Gulf of Maine and surrounding area. These geospatial data sets are part of a large compilation of data provided in the referenced NCCOS (2006) technical memorandum.
  • Cite as: Bryan Costa; Simon Pittman; Falk Huettmann; Connie Kot; David Wiley; Robert Kenney (2015). Modeled prevalance of seabirds and relative abundance of cetaceans in NW Atlantic (limit-40 W) from 1980-04-01 to 1988-10-01 (NCEI Accession 0130025). Version 1.1. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. [access date]
gov.noaa.nodc:0130025
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Distribution Formats
  • Originator data format
Ordering Instructions Data may be searched and downloaded using online services provided by NCEI using the online resource URLs in this record. Contact NCEI Information Services for custom orders. When requesting data from NCEI, the desired data set may be referred to by the unique package identification number listed in this metadata record.
Distributor DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
301-713-3277
NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact Information Services
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
301-713-3277
NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
Time Period 1980-04-01 to 1988-10-01
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates
N: 46.9
S: 38.45
E: -63
W: -71.7
Spatial Coverage Map
General Documentation
Publication Dates
  • publication: 2015-07-28
Edition 1.1
Data Presentation Form Digital table - digital representation of facts or figures systematically displayed, especially in columns
Dataset Progress Status Complete - production of the data has been completed
Data Update Frequency As needed
Supplemental Information
Submission Package ID: 4UYPKA
Purpose This ecological characterization represents the continuation of an ongoing partnership between the National Marine Sanctuary Program (NMSP) and the National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS), Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment (CCMA). The purpose of this collaboration is to apply a biogeographical approach to the management of marine resources within the National Marine Sanctuaries. This particular work, conducted in collaboration with the Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary (SBNMS) and scientists conducting research within the Gulf of Maine region, builds on and advances biogeographic techniques developed by CCMA's Biogeography Team for other National Marine Sanctuaries including Channel Islands, Cordell Bank, Gulf of Farallones, Monterey Bay, and Gray's Reef. At the onset of the project, CCMA, SBNMS, and NMSP staff identified a set of targeted research topics to fill existing gaps in baseline environmental data, and enhance the understanding of key ecological patterns and processes to support the Management Plan Review process. Four objectives were addressed in the ecological characterization of SBNMS: 1) conduct analysis of geospatial distributions of selected fishes, seabirds, marine mammals, and contaminants within the Sanctuary and Gulf of Maine region, 2) identify biological and physical datasets that can be used to augment existing Sanctuary data for a comprehensive biogeographic assessment in a GIS environment, 3) identify ecologically important areas within the Sanctuary and surrounding region, and 4) model the physical and biological dependencies that may explain the temporal and spatial dynamics of the ecosystem represented within the Sanctuary and Gulf of Maine region.
Use Limitations
  • accessLevel: Public
  • Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
Dataset Citation
  • Cite as: Bryan Costa; Simon Pittman; Falk Huettmann; Connie Kot; David Wiley; Robert Kenney (2015). Modeled prevalance of seabirds and relative abundance of cetaceans in NW Atlantic (limit-40 W) from 1980-04-01 to 1988-10-01 (NCEI Accession 0130025). Version 1.1. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. [access date]
Cited Authors
  • Bryan Costa
  • Simon Pittman
  • Falk Huettmann
  • Connie Kot
  • David Wiley
  • Robert Kenney
Resource Providers
Publishers
Theme keywords NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS WMO_CategoryCode
  • oceanography
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science and Services Keywords
  • EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/VERTEBRATES > BIRDS
  • EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/VERTEBRATES > MAMMALS > CETACEANS
Originator Theme Keywords
  • Cetaceans
  • Dolphins
  • Marine Mammals
  • Northern Gannets
  • Porpoises
  • Razorbills
  • TreeNet
  • Whales
  • Wilson's storm-petrel
  • auks
  • greater shearwater
  • predictions
Data Center keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NODC > National Oceanographic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NOS/NCCOS > National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science, National Ocean Service, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
NODC SUBMITTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS
Place keywords NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
  • OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN
Originator Place Keywords
  • Gulf of Maine, Stellwagen Bank, USA
  • Massachusetts Bay
  • Southern Gulf of Maine
  • Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary
Keywords NCEI ACCESSION NUMBER
Use Constraints
  • Cite as: Bryan Costa; Simon Pittman; Falk Huettmann; Connie Kot; David Wiley; Robert Kenney (2015). Modeled prevalance of seabirds and relative abundance of cetaceans in NW Atlantic (limit-40 W) from 1980-04-01 to 1988-10-01 (NCEI Accession 0130025). Version 1.1. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. [access date]
Access Constraints
  • NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
Fees
  • Digital data may be downloaded from NCEI at no charge in most cases. For custom orders of digital data or to obtain a copy of analog materials, please contact NCEI Information Services for information about current fees.
Lineage information for: dataset
Processing Steps
  • 2015-07-28T16:19:05 - NCEI Accession 0130025 v1.1 was published.
Output Datasets
Lineage information for: dataset
Processing Steps
  • Data Type: modeled prevalance of seabirds (calculated); Units: index of relative prevalence; Observation Type: model output; Sampling Instrument: N/A; Sampling and Analyzing Method: These feature datasets depict the modeled spatial distributions of selected seabird species by season in the Gulf of Maine. Seabird observations were taken from the Manomet Bird Observatory's Cetacean and Seabird Assessment Program, which includes observations from 1980 to 1988. Seabird prevalence refers to the number of bird occurrences within a 5 km squared grid cell divided by number of transects in the grid cell. Seabird prevalence predictions were calculated using stochastic gradient boosting in TreeNet on the Manomet Bird Observatory's Cetacean and Seabird Assessment Program data set. Prevalance is calculated separately for a summer (April 15 to October 15) and winter (October 16 to April 14) seasons, and separately for Razorbill (Alca torda), Greater Shearwater (Puffinus gravis), Wilson’s Storm-petrel (Oceanites oceanicus), Northern Gannet (Morus bassanus), and all auks (Alcidae); Data Quality Information: Prevalence ranges from 0 to 1, where low values indicate fewer seabirds and higher values indicate more seabirds.
  • Data Type: relative abundance of cetaceans (calculated); Units: sightings per unit effort; Observation Type: model output; Sampling Instrument: N/A; Sampling and Analyzing Method: These feature datasets depict the interpolated spatial distribution and relative abundance of cetaceans by season in the Gulf of Maine. Cetacean sightings and abundances used for this interpolation came from the Manomet Bird Observatory (MBO) and from the North Atlantic Right Whale Consortium (NARWC) databases. These cetacean sightings and abundances were binned into 5x5 minute grid cells by season for the years 1978-2005. Grid cells were converted to centroids using XTools Pro 3.0 (Data East, 2006), and then interpolated spatially using an Inverse Weighting Distance (IDW) algorithm in ESRI’s Geostatistical Analyst. The spatial extent of the records included in these feature classes span the southern Gulf of Maine and are bounded by the meridians: -71.00 W and -67.00 W and by the parallels 43.50 N and 41.00 N. Only records from dedicated aerial surveys and platforms-of-opportunity, which met pre-defined criteria, were used in our calculations. Sightings per unit effort correspond to number of individual cetaceans divided by 1000 kilometers of surveyed trackline. Sightings per unit effort were calculated separately for fall (Sept-Nov), winter (Dec - Feb), spring (Mar - May), and summer (Jun - Aug) seasons and a total summed across all seasons. Sightings per unit effort were calculated separately for humpback whale (megaptera novaengliae), right whale (Eubalaena glacialis), sei whale (Balaenoptera borealis), and fin whale(Balaenoptera musculus).; Data Quality Information: Sightings per unit effort are classified into five quintiles (values = 0,1,2,3,4) given in "Classes" attribute field. The attribute table also includes corresponding minimum and maximum sightings per unit effort within each quintile. The spatial extent of the records included in these feature classes span the southern Gulf of Maine and are bounded by the meridians: -71.00 W and -67.00 W and by the parallels 43.50 N and 41.00 N. Only records from dedicated aerial surveys and platforms-of-opportunity, which met pre-defined criteria, were used in our calculations. In total, these data included 653,725 km of survey track, 16 species and 34,589 cetacean observations in the years 1978-2005.
Last Modified: 2018-03-06T13:21:33
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