Coral bleaching data from Bleachwatch in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary from 2015-05-31 to 2015-11-03 (NCEI Accession 0140822)


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            title:  Coral bleaching data from Bleachwatch in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary from 2015-05-31 to 2015-11-03 (NCEI Accession 0140822)
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                date:  2016-01-19
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                date:  2016-02-24
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                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/1257 US DOC; NOAA; NOS; ONMS; Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary (FKNMS)
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                individualName:  Bartels, Erich
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                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/1257 US DOC; NOAA; NOS; ONMS; Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary (FKNMS)
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        abstract:  The BleachWatch data form has been designed to minimize the effort required by observers to report on coral condition from throughout the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary. BleachWatch observers are requested to provide their contact information, as well as the type of community group that describes them. Site information includes the location name, GPS coordinates, water depth, reef zone that describes the site (hardbottom, patch reef, mid-channel reef, deep reef, or bank reef), as well as basic environmental conditions such as wind speed and air temperature, cloud cover, and water temperature at both the surface and at depth. Basic bleaching observations include the severity of bleaching observed overall at the site (no bleaching, paling, bleached only on the upper surface, completely bleached), the growth forms of corals affected (brain, branching, fleshy, flower/cup, leaf/plate/sheet, or mound/boulder), the percent of overall coral cover at the site affected, and the depth range where bleaching is observed. Finally, observers are asked to note bleaching in other species of interest, including fire coral, zooanthids, and gorgonians, as well as any other observations of coral disease or mortality that may be occurring at the site. After exiting the water, observers simply enter these observations on the report form provided. Observers are asked to report as regularly as possible, and are made to understand that observations of no bleaching present are equally as important.
        purpose:  As the occurrence and severity of coral bleaching has increased in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary (FKNMS) since the 1980’s, The U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and other scientists have developed remote sensing products and a network of environmental monitoring stations in order to try to more accurately predict coral bleaching in the Florida Keys. Although remote sensing and in-situ data collection can provide an indication of when environmental conditions are ideal for the onset of coral bleaching, the actual onset of bleaching can be a gradual process and effects can vary over an area as large as the FKNMS. In order to accurately assess the initial affects of bleaching events and to assess coral condition during and after bleaching events, the Florida Keys BleachWatch program coordinates a large network of trained observers to provide regular reports of actual coral conditions on the reefs. Each BleachWatch observer receives a packet containing information on the project and FAQ’s on coral bleaching, report forms complete with detailed instructions, and an underwater visual aid. The report form has been designed to minimize the effort needed to make observations and report on conditions, and the underwater visual aids are designed to minimize gear for the diver to carry yet be easily accessible and available when needed to help make mental notes on coral condition throughout the dive. The underwater visual aid provides a summary of the important information needed from the monitoring form such as environmental conditions as well as images to help determine percent of bleached live coral cover and major growth types for ease of coral identification. After exiting the water, observers simply enter these and any other notable observations on the report form provided. Observers are asked to report as regularly as possible, and are made to understand that observations of no bleaching present are equally as important. By interpreting observations of coral condition from various areas within a geographic zone of concern during potential bleaching events, additional insight can be gained toward determining natural resilience, both for habitat types, geographical location, and species of coral. This information will allow researchers to further develop the accuracy of available coral bleaching early warning products and assist resource managers to better communicate the condition of the reefs as potential bleaching events occur, as well as potentially integrating the information into existing management plans.
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                    organisationName:  Global Change Data Center, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
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                            city:  Greenbelt
                            administrativeArea:  MD
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                            linkage: https://earthdata.nasa.gov/about/gcmd/global-change-master-directory-gcmd-keywords
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            name:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Keywords
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
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                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian
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            useLimitation:  accessLevel: Public
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            useConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Cite as: Dieveney, Beth; Walter, Cory; Bartels, Erich (2016). Coral bleaching data from Bleachwatch in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary from 2015-05-31 to 2015-11-03 (NCEI Accession 0140822). [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0140822. Accessed [date].
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            useLimitation:  Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
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            otherConstraints:  Use liability: NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
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                title:  Coral Bleaching Early Warning Network: Current Conditions Report #20150602
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                    date:  2015-06-02
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
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                    positionName: (unknown)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0140822/data/0-data/refknmsmml2015bleachwatchdata/CC_20150602.pdf
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            name:  Coral Bleaching Early Warning Network: Current Conditions Report #20150602
                            description:  Based on climate predictions, current conditions, and field observations, the threat for mass coral bleaching within the FKNMS is currently LOW.
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                title:  Coral Bleaching Early Warning Network: Current Conditions Report #20150701
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                    date:  2015-07-01
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                            name:  Coral Bleaching Early Warning Network: Current Conditions Report #20150701
                            description:  Based on climate predictions, current conditions, and field observations, the threat for mass coral bleaching within the FKNMS is currently MODERATE.
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                title:  Coral Bleaching Early Warning Network: Current Conditions Report #20150717
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                    date:  2015-07-17
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                            linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0140822/data/0-data/refknmsmml2015bleachwatchdata/CC_20150717.pdf
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                            name:  Coral Bleaching Early Warning Network: Current Conditions Report #20150717
                            description:  Based on climate predictions, current conditions, and field observations, the threat for mass coral bleaching within the FKNMS continues to be MODERATE.
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                title:  Coral Bleaching Early Warning Network: Current Conditions Report #20150803
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2015-08-03
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
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                            linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0140822/data/0-data/refknmsmml2015bleachwatchdata/CC_20150803.pdf
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            name:  Coral Bleaching Early Warning Network: Current Conditions Report #20150803
                            description:  Based on climate predictions, current conditions, and field observations, the threat for mass coral bleaching within the FKNMS continues to be MODERATE.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
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                title:  Coral Bleaching Early Warning Network: Current Conditions Report #20150814
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2015-08-14
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                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
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                            linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0140822/data/0-data/refknmsmml2015bleachwatchdata/CC_20150814.pdf
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            name:  Coral Bleaching Early Warning Network: Current Conditions Report #20150814
                            description:  Based on climate predictions, current conditions, and field observations, the threat for mass coral bleaching within the FKNMS is currently HIGH.
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                title:  Coral Bleaching Early Warning Network: Current Conditions Report #20150828
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2015-08-28
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
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                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
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                            linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0140822/data/0-data/refknmsmml2015bleachwatchdata/CC_20150828.pdf
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            name:  Coral Bleaching Early Warning Network: Current Conditions Report #20150828
                            description:  Based on climate predictions, current conditions, and field observations, the threat for mass coral bleaching within the FKNMS is currently HIGH. .
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
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                title:  Coral Bleaching Early Warning Network: Current Conditions Report #20150911
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2015-09-11
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
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                    positionName: (unknown)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
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                            linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0140822/data/0-data/refknmsmml2015bleachwatchdata/CC_20150911.pdf
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            name:  Coral Bleaching Early Warning Network: Current Conditions Report #20150911
                            description:  Based on climate predictions, current conditions, and field observations, the threat for mass coral bleaching within the FKNMS remains HIGH. .
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
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            associationType:  (DS_AssociationTypeCode) crossReference
            initiativeType:  (DS_InitiativeTypeCode) study
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            aggregateDataSetName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Coral Bleaching Early Warning Network: Current Conditions Report #20150925
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2015-09-25
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
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                    positionName: (unknown)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0140822/data/0-data/refknmsmml2015bleachwatchdata/CC_20150925.pdf
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            name:  Coral Bleaching Early Warning Network: Current Conditions Report #20150925
                            description:  Based on climate predictions, current conditions, and field observations, the threat for mass coral bleaching within the FKNMS is currently MODERATE.
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            associationType:  (DS_AssociationTypeCode) crossReference
            initiativeType:  (DS_InitiativeTypeCode) study
        aggregationInfo:  (MD_AggregateInformation)
            aggregateDataSetName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Coral Bleaching Early Warning Network: Current Conditions Report #20151012
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2015-10-12
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
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                    positionName: (unknown)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0140822/data/0-data/refknmsmml2015bleachwatchdata/CC_20151012.pdf
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            name:  Coral Bleaching Early Warning Network: Current Conditions Report #20151012
                            description:  Based on climate predictions, current conditions, and field observations, the threat for mass coral bleaching within the FKNMS is currently LOW.
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                title:  Coral Bleaching Early Warning Network: Current Conditions Report #20151109
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2015-11-09
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
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                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
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                            linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0140822/data/0-data/refknmsmml2015bleachwatchdata/CC_20151109.pdf
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            name:  Coral Bleaching Early Warning Network: Current Conditions Report #20151109
                            description:  Based on climate predictions, current conditions, and field observations, the threat for mass coral bleaching within the FKNMS remains LOW.
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        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) climatologyMeteorologyAtmosphere
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) biota
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                  TimePeriod:
                    beginPosition:  2015-05-31
                    endPosition:  2015-11-03
        supplementalInformation:  Submission Package ID: GHXBKP
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    distributionInfo:  (MD_Distribution)
        distributor:  (MD_Distributor)
            distributorContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:
                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/1730 DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  301-713-3277
                        facsimile:  301-713-3300
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  Federal Building 151 Patton Avenue
                        city:  Asheville
                        administrativeArea:  NC
                        postalCode:  28801-5001
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
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                fees:  In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free. However, fees may apply for custom orders, data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
                orderingInstructions:  Contact NCEI for other distribution options and instructions.
            distributorFormat:  (MD_Format)
                name:  Microsoft Excel
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            distributorTransferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
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                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0140822
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Web browser
                    name:  Dataset Description
                    description:  Navigate directly to the URL for a descriptive web page with download links.
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                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/oas/140822
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Web browser
                    name:  Descriptive Information
                    description:  Navigate directly to the URL for a descriptive web page with download links.
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            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
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            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NCEI Accession 0140822 v1.1 was published.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2016-01-19T15:02:11Z
                output:  (LE_Source)
                    sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  NCEI Accession 0140822 v1.1
                        date:  (CI_Date)
                            date: (inapplicable)
                            dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
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                            individualName: (inapplicable)
                            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
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                                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0140822/1.1
                                    protocol:  HTTPS
                                    name:  NCEI Accession 0140822 v1.1
                                    description:  published 2016-01-19T15:02:11Z
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                description:  NCEI Accession 0140822 was revised and v2.2 was published.
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                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2016-02-24T18:52:00Z
                output:  (LE_Source)
                    sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  NCEI Accession 0140822 v2.2
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                            individualName: (inapplicable)
                            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
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                                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0140822/2.2
                                    protocol:  HTTPS
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                                    description:  published 2016-02-24T18:52:00Z
                                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
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            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
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                description:  Data Type: DEPTH - OBSERVATION (measured); Units: feet; Observation Type: in situ; Sampling Instrument: visual observation.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Data Type: HABITAT - BENTHIC (measured); Units: reef type; Observation Type: in situ; Sampling Instrument: visual observation.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Data Type: WIND SPEED (measured); Units: knot; Observation Type: in situ; Sampling Instrument: visual observation.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Data Type: TEMPERATURE - AIR [AIR TEMPERATURE] (measured); Units: degrees fahrenheit; Observation Type: in situ; Sampling Instrument: thermometer.
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                description:  Data Type: SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE (measured); Units: degrees fahrenheit; Observation Type: in situ; Sampling Instrument: thermometer.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Data Type: TEMPERATURE - BOTTOM WATER [WATER TEMPERATURE] (measured); Units: degrees fahrenheit; Observation Type: in situ; Sampling Instrument: thermometer.
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                description:  Data Type: cloud amount/frequency (measured); Units: qualitative estimate; Observation Type: in situ; Sampling Instrument: visual estimate.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Data Type: CORAL-BLEACHING (measured); Units: qualitative estimate; Observation Type: in situ; Sampling Instrument: visual estimate; Sampling and Analyzing Method: Estimated the amount and severity of bleaching on various growth forms of corals.
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        maintenanceNote:  Metadata are developed, maintained and distributed by NCEI. Updates are performed as needed to maintain currentness.
        maintenanceNote:  NCEI Accession 0140822 was revised and a new version of the archival package was published. Updates to existing archival packages may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. The latest version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession. Please see journal.txt in the /about directory for additional details on changes made.
        contact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian
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            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  thermometer
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        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  visual estimate
            type:  visual estimate
            description:  not an instrument - maybe an observation type
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            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  visual observation
            type:  visual observation
            description:  not an instrument - maybe an observation type