Dissolved inorganic carbon, total alkalinity, pH, dissolved oxygen, and nutrients collected from profile, discrete sampling, and time series observations using CTD, Niskin bottle, and other instruments from R/V Gulf Challenger near a buoy off the coast of New Hampshire, U.S. in the Gulf of Maine from 2011-01-11 to 2015-11-18 (NCEI Accession 0142327)

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This archival package contains discrete measurements of dissolved inorganic carbon, total alkalinity, pH, dissolved oxygen, and nutrients collected at the buoy off the coast of New Hampshire in the years 2011-2015. University of New Hampshire, in conjunction with NOAA's Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, has been operating a buoy off the coast of New Hampshire since 2006.
  • Cite as: Salisbury, Joseph E.; Vandemark, Douglas; Hunt, Christopher W. (2016). Dissolved inorganic carbon, total alkalinity, pH, dissolved oxygen, and nutrients collected from profile, discrete sampling, and time series observations using CTD, Niskin bottle, and other instruments from R/V Gulf Challenger near a buoy off the coast of New Hampshire, U.S. in the Gulf of Maine from 2011-01-11 to 2015-11-18 (NCEI Accession 0142327). Version 1.1. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. doi:10.7289/V5FQ9TPP [access date]
gov.noaa.nodc:0142327
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Distributor DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
301-713-3277
NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact Information Services
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
301-713-3277
NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
Time Period 2011-01-11 to 2015-11-18
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates
N: 43.0554
S: 43.0206
E: -70.5357
W: -70.5774
Spatial Coverage Map
General Documentation
  • Project Metadata
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  • Dataset Description
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  • Descriptive Information
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Publication Dates
  • publication: 2016-02-17
Edition 1.1
Data Presentation Form Digital table - digital representation of facts or figures systematically displayed, especially in columns
Dataset Progress Status Complete - production of the data has been completed
Data Update Frequency As needed
Supplemental Information
EXPOCODE: 33GC20110111, 33GC20110603, 33GC20110608, 33GC20110706, 33GC20110725, 33GC20110808, 33GC20110817, 33GC20110830, 33GC20111012, 33GC20120111, 33GC20120406, 33GC20120611, 33GC20120618, 33GC20120703, 33GC20120914, 33GC20121024, 33GC20121106, 33GC20130103, 33GC20130128, 33GC20130318, 33GC20130415, 33GC20130501, 33GC20130521, 33GC20130626, 33GC20130815, 33GC20140421, 33GC20140212, 33GC20140812, 33GC20141104, 33GC20150313, 33GC20150325, 33GC20150526, 33GC20150605, 33GC20150826, 33GC20150402, 33GC20151007, 33GC20151118.

FUNDING AGENCY: NOAA's Ocean Acidification Program (OAP).
PROJECT TITLE: Time-series Assessments of Ocean Acidification and Carbon System Properties in the Western Gulf of Maine.
PROJECT ID: OAP15.01.EPIO.005.

PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATORS:
Joeseph Salisbury {Ocean Process Analysis Laboratory- University of New Hampshire, Morse Hall Room 142, 8 College Road,
Durham, NH, 03824, USA}

Douglas Vandemark {Ocean Process Analysis Laboratory- University of New Hampshire, Morse Hall Room 142, 8 College Road,
Durham, NH, 03824, USA}
Purpose To validate buoy measurements
Use Limitations
  • accessLevel: Public
  • Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
Dataset Citation
  • Cite as: Salisbury, Joseph E.; Vandemark, Douglas; Hunt, Christopher W. (2016). Dissolved inorganic carbon, total alkalinity, pH, dissolved oxygen, and nutrients collected from profile, discrete sampling, and time series observations using CTD, Niskin bottle, and other instruments from R/V Gulf Challenger near a buoy off the coast of New Hampshire, U.S. in the Gulf of Maine from 2011-01-11 to 2015-11-18 (NCEI Accession 0142327). Version 1.1. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. doi:10.7289/V5FQ9TPP [access date]
Cited Authors
  • Salisbury, Joseph E.
  • Vandemark, Douglas
  • Hunt, Christopher W.
Principal Investigators
Contributors
Resource Providers
Publishers
Acknowledgments
  • Funding Information: NOAA's Ocean Acidification Program (Time-series Assessments of Ocean Acidification and Carbon System Properties in the Western Gulf of Maine, OAP15.01.EPIO.005)
Theme keywords NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS WMO_CategoryCode
  • oceanography
EXPOCODE
  • 33GC20110111
  • 33GC20110603
  • 33GC20110608
  • 33GC20110706
  • 33GC20110725
  • 33GC20110808
  • 33GC20110817
  • 33GC20110830
  • 33GC20111012
  • 33GC20120111
  • 33GC20120406
  • 33GC20120611
  • 33GC20120618
  • 33GC20120703
  • 33GC20120914
  • 33GC20121024
  • 33GC20121106
  • 33GC20130103
  • 33GC20130128
  • 33GC20130318
  • 33GC20130415
  • 33GC20130501
  • 33GC20130521
  • 33GC20130626
  • 33GC20130815
  • 33GC20140212
  • 33GC20140421
  • 33GC20140812
  • 33GC20141104
  • 33GC20150313
  • 33GC20150325
  • 33GC20150402
  • 33GC20150526
  • 33GC20150605
  • 33GC20150826
  • 33GC20151007
  • 33GC20151118
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science and Services Keywords
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > ALKALINITY
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > INORGANIC CARBON
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > NITRATE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > NITRITE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > OXYGEN
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > PH
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > PHOSPHATE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > SILICATE
Provider Variable Names
  • DIC_umol/kg
  • NO2_umol/kg
  • NO3_umol/kg
  • Oxygen_Discrete
  • PO4_umol/kg
  • SiO3_umol/kg
  • TA
  • pCO2
  • pH
Data Center keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NODC > National Oceanographic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
NODC COLLECTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS NODC SUBMITTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS
Platform keywords NODC PLATFORM NAMES THESAURUS
Instrument keywords NODC INSTRUMENT TYPES THESAURUS Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Instrument Keywords
  • CO2NDIR > Carbon Dioxide Nondispersive Infrared Analyzer
Place keywords NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
  • OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN
  • OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN > GULF OF MAINE
Provider Geographic Names
  • Appledore Island, New Hampshire
  • Gulf of Maine
Project keywords NODC PROJECT NAMES THESAURUS Ocean Acidification Search Keywords
  • Ocean Acidification Data Stewardship (OADS) Project
  • Ocean Acidification Program (OAP)
Keywords NCEI ACCESSION NUMBER
Use Constraints
  • Cite as: Salisbury, Joseph E.; Vandemark, Douglas; Hunt, Christopher W. (2016). Dissolved inorganic carbon, total alkalinity, pH, dissolved oxygen, and nutrients collected from profile, discrete sampling, and time series observations using CTD, Niskin bottle, and other instruments from R/V Gulf Challenger near a buoy off the coast of New Hampshire, U.S. in the Gulf of Maine from 2011-01-11 to 2015-11-18 (NCEI Accession 0142327). Version 1.1. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. doi:10.7289/V5FQ9TPP [access date]
Access Constraints
  • NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
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Lineage information for: dataset
Processing Steps
  • 2016-02-17T21:54:11 - NCEI Accession 0142327 v1.1 was published.
Output Datasets
Lineage information for: dataset
Processing Steps
  • Parameter or Variable: Dissolved Inorganic Carbon; Abbreviation: DIC_umol/kg; Unit: umol/kg; Observation type: Profile; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: In-situ observation; Measured or calculated: Measured; Calculation method and parameters: none; Sampling instrument: Niskin bottle, borosilicate glass BOD bottle; Analyzing instrument: Apollo ScTech AS-C2; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: Discrete samples were collected from Niskin bottles and transferred to sample bottles through silicone tubing to prevent bubbling. Samples for pH, total alkalinity, and DIC were transferred without bubbling into 60-ml or 125-ml glass BOD bottles with greased stoppers. These were filled to leave less than 1 % headspace in the bottle, preserved with 0.1 ml of saturated mercuric chloride solution, and immediately cooled. Samples for total alkalinity/pH and DIC were generally stored for several weeks before analysis, allowing for settling of particulate material, with the supernatant sample drawn for analysis. DIC was measured first from each sample bottle, followed sequentially by pH and TAlk. DIC of unfiltered water was determined using an automated analyzer built by Apollo SciTech (Bogart, GA). Immediately after opening the sample bottle, a digital syringe withdrew a small amount of sample (0.5 mL), acidified it with 10 % phosphoric acid and subsequently measured the evolved CO2 with a Li-Cor 6262 non-dispersive infrared gas analyzer; Standardization description: Certified seawater reference materials from Dr. A. Dickson were used to determine DIC concentration by preparing a calibration curve covering the range of DIC from 200 to 2000 ummol/kg, with a resulting precision ranging from 0.05 to 0.5 % (or 0.1-10 umol/kg ), with an average of ~0.1 % (2 umol/kg ).; Standardization frequency: daily; CRM manufacturer: Andrew Dickson's lab at Scripps Institute of Oceanography; CRM batch number: various; Poison name: mercuric chloride; Poison volume: 0.1 mL; Quality flag convention: 1=Not Sampled, 2=Good, ; Researcher name: Joe Salisbury; Researcher institution: University of New Hampshire.
  • Parameter or Variable: Total alkalinity; Abbreviation: TA; Unit: umol/kg; Observation type: Profile; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: In-situ observation; Measured or calculated: Measured; Sampling instrument: Niskin bottle, borosilicate glass BOD bottle; Analyzing instrument: Apollo SciTech AS-ALK2; Type of titration: Gran; Cell type (open or closed): Open; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: Discrete samples were collected from Niskin bottles and transferred to sample bottles through silicone tubing to prevent bubbling. Samples for pH, total alkalinity, and DIC were transferred without bubbling into 60-ml or 125-ml glass BOD bottles with greased stoppers. These were filled to leave less than 1 % headspace in the bottle, preserved with 0.1 ml of saturated mercuric chloride solution, and immediately cooled. Samples for total alkalinity/pH and DIC were generally stored for several weeks before analysis, allowing for settling of particulate material, with the supernatant sample drawn for analysis. DIC was measured first from each sample bottle, followed sequentially by pH and TAlk. TAlk was measured by Gran titration (Gran 1952) with 0.1 N HCl using an automated titrator. This method adds an initial aliquot of acid to the sample in an open cell, generally lowering the sample pHNBS below 3, and then adds subsequent aliquots of titrant until the pHNBS changes linearly with the volume of acid added. The TAlk endpoint is then obtained from linear regression of the change of pHNBS against the volume of acid added, according to a Gran transformation; Standardization description: Multiple analyses of the Dickson reference material resulted in a calculated precision of this method of about 0.1 % (or ~ plus/minus 2 mol kg-1 ). The accuracy of the TAlk utomated system, also calibrated with multiple batches of the Dickson CRM as discussed above, was plus/minus 3-4 umol kg-1.; CRM manufacturer: Andrew Dickson's lab at Scripps Institute of Oceanography; CRM batch number: various; Poison name: mercuric chloride; Poison volume: 0.1 mL; Quality flag convention: 1=Not Sampled, 2=Good, ; Researcher name: Joe Salisbury; Researcher institution: University of New Hampshire.
  • Parameter or Variable: pH; Abbreviation: pH; pH scale: NBS; Observation type: Profile; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: In-situ observation; Measured or calculated: Measured; Sampling instrument: Niskin bottle, borosilicate glass BOD bottle; Analyzing instrument: AS_ALK2 with Orion 3-Star electrode, Thermo Fisher Inc.; Temperature of pH measurement: 24.4 oC; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: See above for sampling information. The pH electrode used in the TAlk titration (Orion 3-Star, Thermo Fisher Inc.) was calibrated using three low ionic strength pH buffers certified on the U.S. National Bureau of Standards (NBS) scale to plus/minus 0.01, and the initial reading before the addition of acid titrant was taken as the sample pHNBS (; Standardization description: 3 NBS standard plus/minus 0.01; Standardization frequency: daily; pH standard values: 4.01, 7.00, 10.01; Temperature of standardization: 24.4 oC; At what temperature was pH reported: 24.4 oC; Quality flag convention: 1=Not Sampled, 2=Good, ; Researcher name: Joe Salisbury; Researcher institution: University of New Hampshire.
  • Parameter or Variable: pCO2 (fCO2) autonomous; Abbreviation: pCO2; Unit: uatm; Observation type: Surface Underway; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: In Situ observation; Measured or calculated: Measured; Sampling instrument: Gas equilibrator; Analyzing instrument: Li-cor LI840; Equilibrator type: Flow to the shipboard flow-through system was pumped to an equilibrator, similar to that described by Wanninkhof and Thoning (1993), but consisting of three Plexiglas chambers instead of a single chamber. Equilibrated air was drawn out of the third chamber, while ambient air was drawn into the first chamber and passed through the second and third chambers, equilibrating with the pumped water supply at each step; Equilibrator volume: ~6l; Is the equilibrator vented or not: vented; Water flow rate: >10 l/min; Gas flow rate: 0.1 L/min; How was temperature inside the equilibrator measured: not measured; How was pressure inside the equilibrator measured: not measured; Drying method for gas: Nafion selectively permeable membrane (Perma Pure, Toms River NJ) with a counterflowing stream of dry nitrogen, which dried the sample gas stream of water vapor; SEA CO2 gas detector manufacturer: Li-cor; Standardization technique: The Li-cor was calibrated several times each survey with pure nitrogen (0 ppm CO2 molar fraction) and one span tank. Over the study period we employed a succession of span tanks containing a gas mixture with CO2 molar fraction between 819 and 851 ppm (Scott-Marin, Riverside, CA); Standardization frequency: daily; Standard gas manufacturer: Scott-Marrin; Standard gas concentration: various; Water vapor correction method: Dickson et al. 2007; Temperature correction method: Dickson et al. 2007; At what temperature was pCO2 reported: in-situ; Quality flag convention: 1=Not Sampled, 2=Good, ; Researcher name: Joe Salisbury; Researcher institution: University of New Hampshire.
  • Parameter or Variable: Discrete Oxygen; Abbreviation: Oxygen_Discrete; Unit: umol/kg; Observation type: profile; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: In Situ observation; Measured or calculated: measured; Sampling instrument: Niskin bottle, borosilicate glass Winkler bottle; Analyzing instrument: custom titrator; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: Triplicate Winkler samples were collected from Niskin bottles without bubbling, and preserved with MnCl2/NaOH+NaI solution until analysis. Samples were titrated in the laboratory with sodium thiosulfate; Replicate information: triplicate; Method reference: http://www.aslo.org/lo/toc/vol_10/issue_1/0141.pdf; Researcher name: Joe Salisbury; Researcher institution: University of New Hampshire.
  • Parameter or Variable: Nitrite Concentration; Abbreviation: NO2_umol/kg; Unit: umol/kg; Observation type: profile; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: In Situ observation; Measured or calculated: measured; Sampling instrument: Niskin bottle, acid-washed polypropylene vial; Analyzing instrument: Smartchem automated analyzer; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: Discrete nutrient samples (nitrate, nitrite, ammonium, phosphate) were taken periodically, preserved with chloroform and frozen, and analyzed using a Smartchem automated analyzer (Westco Scientific) by standard colorimetric methods (Strickland and Parsons 1972); Quality flag convention: 1=Not Sampled, 2=Good, 3=Questionable; Researcher name: Joe Salisbury; Researcher institution: University of New Hampshire.
  • Parameter or Variable: Nitrate Concentration; Abbreviation: NO3_umol/kg; Unit: umol/kg; Observation type: profile; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: In Situ observation; Measured or calculated: measured; Sampling instrument: Niskin bottle, acid-washed polypropylene vial; Analyzing instrument: Smartchem automated analyzer; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: Discrete nutrient samples (nitrate, nitrite, ammonium, phosphate) were taken periodically, preserved with chloroform and frozen, and analyzed using a Smartchem automated analyzer (Westco Scientific) by standard colorimetric methods (Strickland and Parsons 1972); Quality flag convention: 1=Not Sampled, 2=Good, 3=Questionable; Researcher name: Joe Salisbury; Researcher institution: University of New Hampshire.
  • Parameter or Variable: Silicate concentration; Abbreviation: SiO3_umol/kg; Unit: umol/kg; Observation type: profile; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: In Situ observation; Measured or calculated: measured; Sampling instrument: Niskin bottle, acid-washed polypropylene vial; Analyzing instrument: Smartchem automated analyzer; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: Discrete nutrient samples (nitrate, nitrite, ammonium, phosphate) were taken periodically, preserved with chloroform and frozen, and analyzed using a Smartchem automated analyzer (Westco Scientific) by standard colorimetric methods (Strickland and Parsons 1972); Quality flag convention: 1=Not Sampled, 2=Good, 3=Questionable; Researcher name: Joe Salisbury; Researcher institution: University of New Hampshire.
  • Parameter or Variable: Phosphate concentration; Abbreviation: PO4_umol/kg; Unit: umol/kg; Observation type: profile; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: In Situ observation; Measured or calculated: measured; Sampling instrument: Niskin bottle, acid-washed polypropylene vial; Analyzing instrument: Smartchem automated analyzer; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: Discrete nutrient samples (nitrate, nitrite, ammonium, phosphate) were taken periodically, preserved with chloroform and frozen, and analyzed using a Smartchem automated analyzer (Westco Scientific) by standard colorimetric methods (Strickland and Parsons 1972); Quality flag convention: 1=Not Sampled, 2=Good, 3=Questionable; Researcher name: Joe Salisbury; Researcher institution: University of New Hampshire.
Acquisition Information (collection)
Instrument
  • Non-dispersive infrared (NDIR) dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) analyzer
  • Nutrient Autoanalyzer
  • titrator
Platform
  • GULF CHALLENGER
Last Modified: 2018-08-10T18:58:26
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