Dissolved inorganic carbon, total alkalinity, nutrients, and other variables collected from profile and discrete observations using CTD, Niskin bottle, and other instruments from R/V New Horizon and R/V Robert Gordon Sproul in the U.S. West Coast for calibration and validation of California Current Ecosystem (CCE) Moorings from 2009-12-15 to 2015-04-29 (NCEI Accession 0146024)

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This archive accession contains inorganic carbon, total alkalinity, nutrients, and other data collected from ships during servicing cruises to the California Current Ecosystem moorings, CCE1 and CCE2. Typically annual cruises are conducted to recover and redeploy CCE moorings. During the cruises, CTD-Rosette casts are performed with collecting water samples of salinity, oxygen, DIC, total alkalinity, nutrients (NO2, NO3, Silicate, PO4, and NH4), chlorophyll-a, and phaeo pigment. This data file includes these discrete water sample resutls and CTD temperature and salinity values where the bottles are taken. California Current Ecosystem moorings (CCE1 and CCE2) are surface buoys equipped with interdisciplinary scientific sensors including NOAA PMEL pCO2 system, meteorological sensors (wind, air temperature, air humidity, and air pressure), CTDs (temperature and conductivity), Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP, ocean current), oxygen sensor, pH sensor, SUNA (nitrate+nitrite), and FLNTUS (fluorescence). CCE1 is located offshore in the core of the California Current (CalCOFI station 80.80), and CCE2 is closer to shore on the shelf break that is influenced by strong costal upwelling process (CalCOFI station 80.55). CCE moorings measure physical, biological, and chemical variables with temporal resolutions high enough to resolve event-scale phenomena and transmit real-time data to shore. These data can also be viewed on the website: http://mooring.ucsd.edu/cce and updated every 6 hours.
  • Cite as: Send, Uwe; Ohman, Mark; Lankhorst, Matthias; Kim, Hey-Jin (2016). Dissolved inorganic carbon, total alkalinity, nutrients, and other variables collected from profile and discrete observations using CTD, Niskin bottle, and other instruments from R/V New Horizon and R/V Robert Gordon Sproul in the U.S. West Coast for calibration and validation of California Current Ecosystem (CCE) Moorings from 2009-12-15 to 2015-04-29 (NCEI Accession 0146024). Version 2.2. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. doi:10.7289/V57D2S6C [access date]
gov.noaa.nodc:0146024
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Distribution Formats
  • Originator data format
Ordering Instructions Data may be searched and downloaded using online services provided by NCEI using the online resource URLs in this record. Contact NCEI Information Services for custom orders. When requesting data from NCEI, the desired data set may be referred to by the unique package identification number listed in this metadata record.
Distributor DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
301-713-3277
NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact Information Services
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
301-713-3277
NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
Time Period 2009-12-15 to 2015-04-29
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates
N: 34.327
S: 31.188
E: -117.678
W: -124.574
Spatial Coverage Map
General Documentation
  • Project Metadata
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  • Dataset Description
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  • Descriptive Information
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Associated Resources
  • CTD Data from Research Vessel New Horizon in the NE Pacific, 24 April - 01 May 2014 (NCEI Accession 0157699)
Publication Dates
  • publication: 2016-12-14
  • revision: 2017-02-13
Edition 2.2
Data Presentation Form Digital table - digital representation of facts or figures systematically displayed, especially in columns
Dataset Progress Status Complete - production of the data has been completed
Data Update Frequency As needed
Supplemental Information
INVESTIGATORS:
Uwe Send {Scripps Institution of Oceanography, 9500 Gilman Dr., La Jolla, CA, 92093-0230, USA}
Mark Ohman {Scripps Institution of Oceanography, 9500 Gilman Dr., La Jolla, CA, 92093-0230, USA}
Matthias Lankhorst {Scripps Institution of Oceanography, 9500 Gilman Dr., La Jolla, CA, 92093-0230, USA}
Hey-Jin Kim {Scripps Institution of Oceanography, 9500 Gilman Dr., La Jolla, CA, 92093-0230, USA}

EXPOCODE: 32NM20150426
CRUISE ID: NH1505

FUNDING AGENCY:
NOAA's Ocean Acidification Program
PROJECT TITLE: Moored Climate, Carbon, Biogeochemical, and Ecosystem Observations in the Southern California Current
PROJECT ID: OAPFY13.03.PRTNR.003
Purpose To calibrate and validate CCE mooring timeseries.
Use Limitations
  • accessLevel: Public
  • Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
Dataset Citation
  • Cite as: Send, Uwe; Ohman, Mark; Lankhorst, Matthias; Kim, Hey-Jin (2016). Dissolved inorganic carbon, total alkalinity, nutrients, and other variables collected from profile and discrete observations using CTD, Niskin bottle, and other instruments from R/V New Horizon and R/V Robert Gordon Sproul in the U.S. West Coast for calibration and validation of California Current Ecosystem (CCE) Moorings from 2009-12-15 to 2015-04-29 (NCEI Accession 0146024). Version 2.2. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. doi:10.7289/V57D2S6C [access date]
Cited Authors
  • Send, Uwe
  • Ohman, Mark
  • Lankhorst, Matthias
  • Kim, Hey-Jin
Principal Investigators
Contributors
Resource Providers
Publishers
Acknowledgments
  • Funding Information: NOAA's Ocean Acidification Program (Moored Climate, Carbon, Biogeochemical, and Ecosystem Observations in the Southern California Current, OAPFY13.03.PRTNR.003)
Theme keywords NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS WMO_CategoryCode
  • oceanography
Cruise ID
  • NH1505
EXPOCODE
  • 32NM20150426
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science and Services Keywords
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > ALKALINITY
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > AMMONIA
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > CHLOROPHYLL
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > INORGANIC CARBON
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > NITRATE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > NITRITE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > OXYGEN
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > PHOSPHATE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > PIGMENTS > CHLOROPHYLL
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > SILICATE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN TEMPERATURE > WATER TEMPERATURE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > SALINITY/DENSITY > SALINITY
Provider Keywords
  • SIO oxygen titrator
Provider Variable Names
  • Bottle dissolved oxygen
  • Bottle salinity
  • CHL-a
  • CTD Pressure
  • CTD Salinity
  • CTD Temperature
  • DIC
  • NH4
  • NO2
  • NO3
  • PO4
  • Phaeo pigment
  • SIL
  • TA
Data Center keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NODC > National Oceanographic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
NODC COLLECTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS NODC SUBMITTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS
Platform keywords NODC PLATFORM NAMES THESAURUS Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Platform Keywords
  • SHIPS
Instrument keywords NODC INSTRUMENT TYPES THESAURUS Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Instrument Keywords
  • COULOMETERS
  • CTD > Conductivity, Temperature, Depth
Place keywords NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
  • OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN
Provider Geographic Names
  • California Current
  • West Coast of U.S.
Project keywords NODC PROJECT NAMES THESAURUS Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Project Keywords
  • LTER > Long-Term Ecological Research
Ocean Acidification Search Keywords
  • Ocean Acidification Data Stewardship (OADS) Project
  • Ocean Acidification Program (OAP)
Keywords NCEI ACCESSION NUMBER
Use Constraints
  • Cite as: Send, Uwe; Ohman, Mark; Lankhorst, Matthias; Kim, Hey-Jin (2016). Dissolved inorganic carbon, total alkalinity, nutrients, and other variables collected from profile and discrete observations using CTD, Niskin bottle, and other instruments from R/V New Horizon and R/V Robert Gordon Sproul in the U.S. West Coast for calibration and validation of California Current Ecosystem (CCE) Moorings from 2009-12-15 to 2015-04-29 (NCEI Accession 0146024). Version 2.2. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. doi:10.7289/V57D2S6C [access date]
Access Constraints
  • NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
Fees
  • Digital data may be downloaded from NCEI at no charge in most cases. For custom orders of digital data or to obtain a copy of analog materials, please contact NCEI Information Services for information about current fees.
Lineage information for: dataset
Processing Steps
  • 2016-12-14T23:35:11 - NCEI Accession 0146024 v1.1 was published.
  • 2017-02-13T16:25:42 - NCEI Accession 0146024 was revised and v2.2 was published.
    Rationale: Updates were received for this data set. These updates were copied into the data/0-data/ directory of this accession. These updates may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. This version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession.
Output Datasets
Lineage information for: dataset
Processing Steps
  • Parameter or Variable: Dissolved Inorganic Carbon; Abbreviation: DIC; Unit: umol/kg; Observation type: Discrete measurements from Rosette bottle water samples collected on CTD casts; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: In-situ observation; Measured or calculated: Measured; Calculation method and parameters: none; Sampling instrument: Rosette bottle; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: DIC was determined by acidifying the sample, and using a gas extraction/coulometric titration technique as described in Dickson et al. (2007).; Poison name: mercury(II) chloride; Quality flag convention: WOCE quality flags; Method reference: Dickson, Andrew Gilmore, Christopher L. Sabine, and James Robert Christian. "Guide to Best Practices for Ocean CO2 Measurements." (2007).; Researcher name: Andrew Dickson; Researcher institution: Scripps Institution of Oceanography.
  • Parameter or Variable: Total alkalinity; Abbreviation: TA; Unit: umol/kg; Observation type: Discrete measurements from Rosette bottle water samples collected on CTD casts; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: In-situ observation; Measured or calculated: Measured; Sampling instrument: Rosette bottle; Analyzing instrument: Alkalinity titrator; Cell type (open or closed): Open; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: Amber 250 ml polyproplene bottles are filled with water from Niskin bottles. TA was determined using a two-stage open-cell-titration technique as described in Dickson et al. (2003).; Quality flag convention: WOCE quality flags; Method reference: Dickson, AG, Afghan JD, Anderson GC. "Reference materials for oceanic CO2 analysis: a method for the certification of total alkalinity". Marine Chemistry. 80:185-197. 10.1016/s0304-4203(02)00133-0 (2003); Researcher name: Andrew Dickson; Researcher institution: Scripps Institution of Oceanography.
  • Parameter or Variable: Sea water pressure; Abbreviation: CTD Pressure; Unit: dbar; Observation type: profile; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: In-situ observation; Measured or calculated: Measured; Sampling instrument: SBE 9plus CTD Digiquartz pressure sensor; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: Digiquartz pressure sensor connected to the CTD-Rosette measures pressure profiles. During upcasts, Rosette bottles are closed at target depths to trap seawater for various analyses. At those target depths, CTD pressure values are averaged over 1.5 seconds starting from the beginning of bottle closure to obtain discrete pressure values. Typically pressure sensors are calibrated every 12 months by manufacturer.; Researcher name: Matthias Lankhorst; Researcher institution: Scripps Institution of Oceanography.
  • Parameter or Variable: Sea water temperature; Abbreviation: CTD Temperature; Unit: ITS-90 scale degC; Observation type: profile; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: In-situ observation; Measured or calculated: Measured; Sampling instrument: SBE 3plus; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: SBE 3plus dual temperature sensor connected to the CTD-Rosette measures temperature profiles. During upcasts, Rosette bottles are closed at target depths to trap seawater. CTD temperature values are averaged over 1.5 seconds from bottle closure to obtain discrete temperature values. Typically SBE 3plus calibration is done every 4 months by the Oceanographic Data Facility at Scripps Institution of Oceanography.; Uncertainty: plus minus 0.001 degC; Quality flag convention: WOCE quality flags; Researcher name: Matthias Lankhorst; Researcher institution: Scripps Institution of Oceanography.
  • Parameter or Variable: Sea water salinity; Abbreviation: CTD Salinity; Unit: psu; Observation type: profile; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: In-situ observation; Measured or calculated: calculated from measured conductivity; Sampling instrument: SBE 4C; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: SBE 4C dual conductivity sensor connected to the CTD-Rosette meausres conductivity profiles. During upcasts, Rosette bottles are closed at target depths to trap seawater. CTD salinity values calculated from CTD conductivity are averaged over 1.5 seconds from bottle closure to obtain discrete salinity values. Typically SBE 4C calibration is done every 4 months by SBE. No other data processing has been applied.; Uncertainty: plus minus 0.005 psu; Quality flag convention: WOCE quality flags. 2=good data, 3=questionable data, 4=bad data, 5= data not reported, 6=mean of replicate measurements, 9=sample not drawn; Researcher name: Matthias Lankhorst; Researcher institution: Scripps Institution of Oceanography.
  • Parameter or Variable: Sea water practical salinity; Abbreviation: Bottle salinity; Unit: psu; Observation type: Discrete measurements from Rosette bottle water samples collected on CTD casts; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: In-situ observation; Measured or calculated: Measured; Sampling instrument: Rosette bottle; Analyzing instrument: Salinometer; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: Rosette bottle water samples were taken to the shore and salinity measurements were made using salinometer.; Quality flag convention: WOCE quality flags. 2=good data, 3=questionable data, 4=bad data, 5= data not reported, 6=mean of replicate measurements, 9=sample not drawn; Researcher name: Matthias Lankhorst; Researcher institution: Scripps Institution of Oceanography.
  • Parameter or Variable: Dissolved oxygen concentration in sea water; Abbreviation: Bottle dissolved oxygen; Unit: ml/L; Observation type: Discrete measurements from Rosette bottle water samples collected on CTD casts; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: In-situ observation; Measured or calculated: Measured; Sampling instrument: Rosette bottle; Analyzing instrument: Oxygen titrator; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: Bottle samples are analyzed by an SIO oxygen titrator (an iodine titrator). The function of the SIO oxygen titrator is little different in principle from the basic Winkler titration as modified by Carpenter (1965). As an end-point indicator, the very strong ultra-violet light absorption is used instead of the visible color of the iodine-starch complex.; Quality flag convention: WOCE quality flags; Method reference: Carpenter, J. H., .The Chesapeake Bay Institute technique for the Winkler dissolved oxygen method,. Limnology and Oceanography, 10, pp. 141-143 (1965).; Researcher name: Matthias Lankhorst; Researcher institution: Scripps Institution of Oceanography.
  • Parameter or Variable: Nitrate concentration in sea water; Abbreviation: NO3; Unit: umol/L; Observation type: Discrete measurements from Rosette bottle water samples collected on CTD casts; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: In-situ observation; Measured or calculated: Measured; Sampling instrument: Rosette bottle; Analyzing instrument: Seal Analytical continuous-flow AutoAnalyzer 3 (AA3); Detailed sampling and analyzing information: Water samples are analyzed by a Seal Analytical continuous-flow AutoAnalyzer 3 (AA3). A modification of the Armstrong et al. (1967) procedure is used for the analysis of nitrate and nitrite.; Quality flag convention: WOCE quality flags; Method reference: Armstrong, F.A.J., Stearns, C.A., and Strickland, J.D.H., "The measurement of upwelling and subsequent biological processes by means of the Technicon Autoanalyzer and associated equipment," Deep-Sea Research, 14, pp.381-389 (1967).; Researcher name: Mark Ohman; Researcher institution: Scripps Institution of Oceanography.
  • Parameter or Variable: Nitrite concentration in sea water; Abbreviation: NO2; Unit: umol/L; Observation type: Discrete measurements from Rosette bottle water samples collected on CTD casts; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: In-situ observation; Measured or calculated: Measured; Sampling instrument: Rosette bottle; Analyzing instrument: Seal Analytical continuous-flow AutoAnalyzer 3 (AA3); Detailed sampling and analyzing information: Water samples are analyzed by a Seal Analytical continuous-flow AutoAnalyzer 3 (AA3). A modification of the Armstrong et al. (1967) procedure is used for the analysis of nitrate and nitrite.; Quality flag convention: WOCE quality flags; Method reference: Armstrong, F.A.J., Stearns, C.A., and Strickland, J.D.H., "The measurement of upwelling and subsequent biological processes by means of the Technicon Autoanalyzer and associated equipment," Deep-Sea Research, 14, pp.381-389 (1967).; Researcher name: Mark Ohman; Researcher institution: Scripps Institution of Oceanography.
  • Parameter or Variable: Ammonium concentration in sea water; Abbreviation: NH4; Unit: umol/L; Observation type: Discrete measurements from Rosette bottle water samples collected on CTD casts; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: In-situ observation; Measured or calculated: Measured; Sampling instrument: Rosette bottle; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: The basic method of Kerouel and Aminot (Kero97) is used.; Quality flag convention: WOCE quality flags; Method reference: Kerouel, R., Aminot, A., .Fluorometric determination of ammonia in sea and estuarine waters by direct segmented flow analysis.. Marine Chemistry, vol 57, no. 3-4, pp. 265-275, July 1997; Researcher name: Mark Ohman; Researcher institution: Scripps Institution of Oceanography.
  • Parameter or Variable: Phosphate concentration in sea water; Abbreviation: PO4; Unit: umol/L; Observation type: Discrete measurements from Rosette bottle water samples collected on CTD casts; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: In-situ observation; Measured or calculated: Measured; Sampling instrument: Rosette bottle; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: A modification of the Bernhardt and Wilhelms (1967) method was used.; Quality flag convention: WOCE quality flags; Method reference: Bernhardt, H., and Wilhelms, A., "The continuous determination of low level iron, soluble phosphate and total phosphate with the AutoAnalyzer," Technicon Symposia, I,pp.385-389 (1967).; Researcher name: Mark Ohman; Researcher institution: Scripps Institution of Oceanography.
  • Parameter or Variable: Silicate concentration in sea water; Abbreviation: SIL; Unit: umol/L; Observation type: Discrete measurements from Rosette bottle water samples collected on CTD casts; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: In-situ observation; Measured or calculated: Measured; Sampling instrument: Rosette bottle; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: The basic Armstrong et al. (1967) method was used.; Quality flag convention: WOCE quality flags; Method reference: Armstrong, F.A.J., Stearns, C.A., and Strickland, J.D.H., "The measurement of upwelling and subsequent biological processes by means of the Technicon Autoanalyzer and associated equipment," Deep-Sea Research, 14, pp.381-389 (1967).; Researcher name: Mark Ohman; Researcher institution: Scripps Institution of Oceanography.
  • Parameter or Variable: Mass concentration of cholophyll-a in sea water; Abbreviation: CHL-a; Unit: ug/L; Observation type: Discrete measurements from Rosette bottle water samples collected on CTD casts; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: In-situ observation; Measured or calculated: Measured; Sampling instrument: Rosette bottle; Analyzing instrument: Fluorometer; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: Water samples are filtered onto GF/F filters, then chlorophyll-a is extracted in an acetone solution. Fluorometer is used to read fluorescence before and after acidification to calculate chlorophyll-a and phaeopigment.; Quality flag convention: WOCE quality flags; Method reference: Yentsch, C.S., Menzel, D.W., "A method for the determination of phytoplankton chlorophyll and phaeophytin by fluorescence", Deep-Sea Res.10: 221-231 (1963). Holm_Hansen, O., Lorenzen, C.J., Holms, R.W., Strickland, J.D.H., "Fluorometric Determination of Chlorophyll", J. Cons.perm.int Explor. Mer. 30: 3-15 (1965). Lorenzen, C. J., "Determination of chlorophylls and phaeopigments: spectrophotometric equations", Limnol. Oceanogr. 12: 343.346 (1967).; Researcher name: Mark Ohman; Researcher institution: Scripps Institution of Oceanography.
  • Parameter or Variable: Mass concentration of phaeo pigment in sea water; Abbreviation: Phaeo pigment; Unit: ug/L; Observation type: Discrete measurements from Rosette bottle water samples collected on CTD casts; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: In-situ observation; Measured or calculated: Measured; Sampling instrument: Rosette bottle; Analyzing instrument: Fluorometer; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: Water samples are filtered onto GF/F filters, then chlorophyll-a is extracted in an acetone solution. Fluorometer is used to read fluorescence before and after acidification to calculate chlorophyll-a and phaeopigment.; Quality flag convention: WOCE quality flags; Method reference: Yentsch, C.S., Menzel, D.W., "A method for the determination of phytoplankton chlorophyll and phaeophytin by fluorescence", Deep-Sea Res.10: 221-231 (1963). Holm_Hansen, O., Lorenzen, C.J., Holms, R.W., Strickland, J.D.H., "Fluorometric Determination of Chlorophyll", J. Cons.perm.int Explor. Mer. 30: 3-15 (1965). Lorenzen, C. J., "Determination of chlorophylls and phaeopigments: spectrophotometric equations", Limnol. Oceanogr. 12: 343.346 (1967).; Researcher name: Mark Ohman; Researcher institution: Scripps Institution of Oceanography.
Acquisition Information (collection)
Instrument
  • bottle
  • Coulometer for DIC measurement
  • CTD
  • Nutrient Autoanalyzer
  • titrator
Platform
  • NEW HORIZON
  • ROBERT GORDON SPROUL
Last Modified: 2018-09-17T20:25:33
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