Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide, dissolved inorganic carbon, pH, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from NATHANIEL B. PALMER in the South Pacific Ocean, Southern Oceans and Tasman Sea from 2014-03-20 to 2014-05-05 (NCEI Accession 0157621)


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            title:  Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide, dissolved inorganic carbon, pH, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from NATHANIEL B. PALMER in the South Pacific Ocean, Southern Oceans and Tasman Sea from 2014-03-20 to 2014-05-05 (NCEI Accession 0157621)
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                  Anchor:  NCEI Accession Number gov.noaa.nodc:0157621
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                  Anchor:  DOI doi:10.3334/CDIAC/OTG.GO_SHIP_P16S_2014
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                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/1730 US DOC; NOAA; NESDIS; National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI)
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                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/person/details/673 James H. Swift
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                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/person/details/5074 Andrew G. Dickson
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                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/person/details/970 Richard A. Feely
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                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/976 US DOC; NOAA; OAR; Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL)
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                individualName:  Talley, Lynne D.
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                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/983 University of California - San Diego; Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO)
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        abstract:  NCEI Accession 0157621 includes chemical, discrete sample, meteorological, optical, physical and profile data collected from NATHANIEL B. PALMER in the South Pacific Ocean, Southern Oceans (> 60 degrees South) and Tasman Sea from 2014-03-20 to 2014-05-05. These data include BAROMETRIC PRESSURE, CHLOROFLUOROCARBON-11 (CFC-11), CHLOROFLUOROCARBON-12 (CFC-12), DELTA CARBON-13, DELTA CARBON-14, DISSOLVED INORGANIC CARBON (DIC), DISSOLVED ORGANIC CARBON, DISSOLVED OXYGEN, FLUORESCENCE, HYDROSTATIC PRESSURE, LIGHT TRANSMISSION, NITRATE, NITRITE, Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide - water, Potential temperature (theta), SALINITY, SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE, SULFUR HEXAFLUORIDE (SF6), TOTAL ALKALINITY (TA), Total Dissolved Nitrogen (TDN), WATER TEMPERATURE, nitrous oxide (N2O), pH, phosphate and silicate. The instruments used to collect these data include CTD, bottle and transmissometer. These data were collected by Richard A. Feely of US DOC; NOAA; OAR; Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, Lynne Talley, Andrew Dickson and James Swift of University of California - San Diego; Scripps Institution of Oceanography and Craig A. Carlson of University of California - Santa Barbara as part of the GO-SHIP_P16S_2014 data set. CDIAC associated the following cruise ID(s) with this data set: GO-SHIP_P16S_2014
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              Anchor:  https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0157621 0157621
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              Anchor:  https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0157621 157621
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/38 BAROMETRIC PRESSURE
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/493 CHLOROFLUOROCARBON-11 (CFC-11)
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/494 CHLOROFLUOROCARBON-12 (CFC-12)
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/579 DELTA CARBON-13
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/578 DELTA CARBON-14
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/588 DISSOLVED INORGANIC CARBON (DIC)
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/114 DISSOLVED ORGANIC CARBON
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/116 DISSOLVED OXYGEN
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/147 FLUORESCENCE
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/589 HYDROSTATIC PRESSURE
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/214 LIGHT TRANSMISSION
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/223 NITRATE
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/226 NITRITE
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/566 nitrous oxide (N2O)
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/70 partial pressure of carbon dioxide - water
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/257 pH
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              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/263 phosphate
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/572 Potential temperature (theta)
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/307 SALINITY
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/319 SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/333 silicate
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/618 Sulfur Hexaflouride (SF6)
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/5 total alkalinity
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/668 Total Dissolved Nitrogen (TDN)
            keyword:
              Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/datatype/details/373 WATER TEMPERATURE
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            keyword:  VCO2_SW
            keyword:  WOCE date
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            keyword:  pressure
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            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Originator Variable Names
                date: (inapplicable)
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  ALKALI
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            keyword:  PHSPHT
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            keyword:  SALNTY
            keyword:  SF6
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            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Provider Variable Names
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        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
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            keyword:  CTD > Conductivity, Temperature, Depth
            keyword:  TRANSMISSOMETERS
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) instrument
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                            administrativeArea:  MD
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
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        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
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            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) place
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                            city:  Greenbelt
                            administrativeArea:  MD
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                            linkage: http://gcmd.gsfc.nasa.gov/learn/keywords.html
                            protocol:  HTTP
                            applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                            name:  NASA GCMD Keyword Community Page
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            keyword:  Pacific Ocean
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) place
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                title:  Provider Geographic Names
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            otherConstraints:  Cite as: Talley, Lynne D.; Feely, Richard A.; Dickson, Andrew G.; Swift, James H.; Carlson, Craig A.; Warner, Mark J.; McNichol, Ann; Key, Robert M.; Schlosser, Peter (2016). Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide, dissolved inorganic carbon, pH, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from NATHANIEL B. PALMER in the South Pacific Ocean, Southern Oceans and Tasman Sea from 2014-03-20 to 2014-05-05 (NCEI Accession 0157621). Version 1.1. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. doi:10.3334/CDIAC/OTG.GO_SHIP_P16S_2014 [access date]
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        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) oceans
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) climatologyMeteorologyAtmosphere
        extent:  (EX_Extent)
            geographicElement:  (EX_GeographicBoundingBox)
                westBoundLongitude:  147.66
                eastBoundLongitude:  -149.17
                southBoundLatitude:  -67.018
                northBoundLatitude:  -15
            temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                extent:
                  TimePeriod:
                    beginPosition:  2014-03-20
                    endPosition:  2014-05-05
        supplementalInformation:  These data were acquired by NCEI from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) in accordance with an archival submission agreement between CDIAC and NCEI. The data provider requests citing these data as described in the Cross Reference Citation at: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0157621 NCEI cannot verify the accuracy or availability of the data provider's citation information, which is maintained by the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC).
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    distributionInfo:  (MD_Distribution)
        distributor:  (MD_Distributor)
            distributorContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:
                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/1730 DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  301-713-3277
                        facsimile:  301-713-3300
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  Federal Building 151 Patton Avenue
                        city:  Asheville
                        administrativeArea:  NC
                        postalCode:  28801-5001
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
            distributionOrderProcess:  (MD_StandardOrderProcess)
                fees:  Digital data may be downloaded from NCEI at no charge in most cases. For custom orders of digital data or to obtain a copy of analog materials, please contact NCEI Information Services for information about current fees.
                orderingInstructions:  Data may be searched and downloaded using online services provided by NCEI using the online resource URLs in this record. Contact NCEI Information Services for custom orders. When requesting data from NCEI, the desired data set may be referred to by the unique package identification number listed in this metadata record.
            distributorFormat:  (MD_Format)
                name:  CSV
                version: (unknown)
            distributorTransferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/ocads/data/0157621.xml
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Web browser
                    name:  Project Metadata
                    description:  Navigate directly to the URL for a descriptive web page with download links.
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
            distributorTransferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: https://doi.org/10.3334/CDIAC/OTG.GO_SHIP_P16S_2014
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Web browser
                    name:  Dataset Description
                    description:  Navigate directly to the URL for a descriptive web page with download links.
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
            distributorTransferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/oas/157621
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Web browser
                    name:  Descriptive Information
                    description:  Navigate directly to the URL for a descriptive web page with download links.
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
            distributorTransferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
                transferSize:
                  Real:  55.816
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/download/157621
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Web browser
                    name:  HTTPS
                    description:  Navigate directly to the URL for data access and direct download.
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
            distributorTransferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
                transferSize:
                  Real:  55.816
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: ftp://ftp.nodc.noaa.gov/nodc/archive/arc0101/0157621/
                    protocol:  FTP
                    applicationProfile:  Any FTP client
                    name:  FTP
                    description:  These data are available through the File Transfer Protocol (FTP). You may use any FTP client to download these data.
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NCEI Accession 0157621 v1.1 was published.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2016-12-20T20:07:21
                output:  (LE_Source)
                    sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  NCEI Accession 0157621 v1.1
                        date:  (CI_Date)
                            date: (inapplicable)
                            dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                        citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                            individualName: (inapplicable)
                            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                                onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0157621/1.1
                                    protocol:  HTTP
                                    name:  NCEI Accession 0157621 v1.1
                                    description:  NCEI Accession 0157621 v1.1
                                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
                            role: (inapplicable)
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: Dissolved Inorganic Carbon; Abbreviation: DIC; Observation type: discrete; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: In-situ observation; Measured or calculated: Calculated; Replicate information: 265 replicate sample analysis made. Average difference from the mean was 0.44. No systematic differences between the replicates were observed. DICE 1: 0.438 DICE 2: 0.450; Standardization description: The stability of each coulometer cell solution was confirmed three different ways. 1) Gas loops were run at the beginning and end of each cell; 2) CRM’s supplied by Dr. A. Dickson of SIO, were measured near the beginning; and 3) Duplicate samples were typically run throughout the life of the cell solution. Each coulometer was calibrated by injecting aliquots of pure CO2 (99.999%) by means of an 8-port valve (Wilke et al., 1993) outfitted with two calibrated sample loops of different sizes (~1ml and ~2ml). The instruments were each separately calibrated at the beginning of each cell with a minimum of two sets of these gas loop injections and then again at the end of each cell to ensure no drift during the life of the cell. Even though we experienced a large temperature fluctuation in the aft dry lab (14°C to 31°C) these standard loops were well insulated and consistent throughout the cruise.; CRM batch number: 135: Certified Value = 2036.96 µmol/kg.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: Total alkalinity; Abbreviation: TA; Observation type: discrete; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: In-situ observation; Measured or calculated: Measured; Type of titration: Samples were analyzed using an open cell titration procedure using two 250 mL jacketed cells; Cell type (open or closed): open cell; Curve fitting method: Samples were dispensed using a Sample Dispensing System (SDS) consisting of a volumetric pipette and various relay valves and air pumps controlled using LabVIEW 2012. Before filling the jacketed cell with a new sample for measurement, the volumetric pipette was cleared of any residual from the previous sample with the aforementioned air pumps. The pipette is then rinsed with new sample and filled, allowing for overflow and time for the sample temperature to equilibrate. The temperature inside the drawing bottle was measured using a DirecTemp thermistor probe and the pipette temperature was measured using a DirecTemp surface probe placed on the pipette. These temperature measurements were used to convert the sample volume to mass for analysis.; Uncertainty: The certified alkalinity value for Batch 135 is 2226.33 ± 0.63 μmol kg-1. This reference material was analyzed 208 times throughout P16S. The preliminary B135 measured value average for P16S is 2225.84 ± 0.76. After the aforementioned volume correction, the final B135 average is 2226.10 ± 0.76. Twice per station, a single Niskin was sampled twice to conduct duplicate analyses. A total of 178 Niskins were sampled for Duplicate analyses and gave a pooled standard deviation of 0.67 μmol kg-1.; Method reference: Dickson, Andrew G., Chris Sabine and James R. Christian, editors, "Guide to Best Practices for Ocean CO2 Measurements", Pices Special Publication 3, IOCCP Report No. 8, October 2007, SOP 3b, "Determination of total alkalinity in sea water using an open-cell titration".
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: pH; Abbreviation: pH; pH scale: Total Scale; Observation type: discrete; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: In-situ observation; Measured or calculated: Measured; Temperature of pH measurement: 20 °C; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: pH was measured spectrophotometrically on the total hydrogen scale using an Agilent 8453 spectrophotometer and in accordance with the methods outlined by Carter et al., 2013. A Kloehn V6 syringe pump was used to autonomously fill, mix, and dispense sample through the custom 10cm flow-through jacketed cell.; Uncertainty: The precision of the data was accessed from measurements of duplicate analyses, replicate analyses (two successive measurements on one bottle), certified reference materials (CRMs) from Batch 135 (provided by Dr. Andrew Dickson, UCSD), and TRIS buffer Batch 20 (provided by Dr. Andrew Dickson, UCSD). CRMs were measured twice a day and bottles of TRIS buffer were measured once a day over the course of the cruise. In total 2,748 Niskin bottles were sampled and submitted for pH on this cruise. The overall precision determined from duplicate analyses was found to be ±0.0003 for 193 sets. The overall precision determined from replicate analyses was found to be ±0.0003 for 201 sets. Additionally, 211 measurements were made on 59 bottles of Certified Reference Materials and found to have a pH of 7.9293±0.0013 and an average per bottle standard deviation of ±0.0003..
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: CTDTMP; Abbreviation: CTDTMP; Unit: DEG_C; Controlled vocabulary name: WATER TEMPERATURE; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: CTDSAL; Abbreviation: CTDSAL; Controlled vocabulary name: SALINITY; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: SALNTY; Abbreviation: SALNTY; Controlled vocabulary name: SALINITY; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: CTDOXY; Abbreviation: CTDOXY; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: DISSOLVED OXYGEN; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: OXYGEN; Abbreviation: OXYGEN; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: DISSOLVED OXYGEN; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: SILCAT; Abbreviation: SILCAT; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: silicate; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: NITRAT; Abbreviation: NITRAT; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: NITRATE; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: NITRIT; Abbreviation: NITRIT; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: NITRITE; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: PHSPHT; Abbreviation: PHSPHT; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: phosphate; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: CFC-11; Abbreviation: CFC-11; Unit: PMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: CHLOROFLUOROCARBON-11 (CFC-11); In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: CFC-12; Abbreviation: CFC-12; Unit: PMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: CHLOROFLUOROCARBON-12 (CFC-12); In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: SF6; Abbreviation: SF6; Unit: FMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: Sulfur Hexaflouride (SF6); In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: TCARBN; Abbreviation: TCARBN; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: DISSOLVED INORGANIC CARBON (DIC); In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: ALKALI; Abbreviation: ALKALI; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: total alkalinity; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: PH_TOT; Abbreviation: PH_TOT; Unit: @20C; Controlled vocabulary name: pH; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: PH_TMP; Abbreviation: PH_TMP; Unit: DEG_C; Controlled vocabulary name: pH; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: N2O; Abbreviation: N2O; Unit: NMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: nitrous oxide (N2O); In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: DELC14; Abbreviation: DELC14; Unit: /MILLE; Controlled vocabulary name: DELTA CARBON-14; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: C14ERR; Abbreviation: C14ERR; Unit: /MILLE; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: DELC13; Abbreviation: DELC13; Unit: /MILLR; Controlled vocabulary name: DELTA CARBON-13; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
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    metadataMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
        maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) asNeeded
        maintenanceNote:  Metadata are developed, maintained and distributed by NCEI. Updates are performed as needed to maintain currentness.
        contact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian
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    acquisitionInformation:  (MI_AcquisitionInformation)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  bottle
            type:  bottle
            description:  any type of water bottle sampling device Generic name for water collection device; usually used to determine temperature, salinity and provide water aliquots for measurement of a wide range of parameters; often referred to by a specific type of water sampling bottle, such as a Nansen or Niskin bottle.
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  CTD
            type:  CTD
            description:  Conductivity-Temperature-Depth probe
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  transmissometer
            type:  transmissometer
            description:  transmissometer Instrument used to measure transmissivity in NODC File Alias F022.
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  NATHANIEL B. PALMER
            description:  Updated information from ICES for the vessel NATHANIEL B. PALMER from UNITED STATES. Use 3206 for all data attributed to the vessel NATHANIEL B. PALMER from UNITED STATES. This platform has a current Call Sign = WPB3210 and two previous call signs, related to owner/company name changes since 1992. Previous call signs for NATHANIEL B. PALMER are: KUS1475 (1992 - ca. 1996) WCE9345 (ca. 1996 - mid-2006) WBP3210 (mid-2006 to present) Name : NATHANIEL B. PALMER Flag : UNITED STATES - US (ISO Country Code) Call Sign : WPB3210 Title : RV Platform Class : 31 Research vessel IMO : 9007257 Commissioned Date : 1992 Current Length : 86 Built : 1992-03 Notes : Data also found under previous call sign KUS1475 Lloyds URL : http://www.seasearcher.com/lmiu/vessels/overview.htm?vesselID=241527 Confirmed by NOAA on 2013-11-19.
            instrument: (missing)