National Coral Reef Monitoring Program: Water Chemistry of the Coral Reefs in the Mariana Archipelago from Water Samples collected between 2014-03-24 and 2014-05-05 (NCEI Accession 0157715)


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            title:  National Coral Reef Monitoring Program: Water Chemistry of the Coral Reefs in the Mariana Archipelago from Water Samples collected between 2014-03-24 and 2014-05-05 (NCEI Accession 0157715)
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        abstract:  Water samples are collected and analyzed to assess spatial and temporal variation in the seawater carbonate systems of coral reef ecosystems in the Hawaiian and Mariana Archipelagos, American Samoa, and the Pacific Remote Island Areas as part of the NOAA National Coral Reef Monitoring Program (NCRMP). Laboratory experiments reveal calcification rates of crustose coralline algae (CCA) are strongly correlated to seawater aragonite saturation state. Predictions of reduced coral calcification rates, due to ocean acidification, suggest that coral reef communities will undergo ecological phase shifts as calcifying organisms are negatively impacted by changing seawater chemistry. The data described here are from water samples collected at existing, long-term monitoring sites during NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP) led NCRMP missions around the Mariana Archipelago in 2014. Two water samples are typically collected from each site—one at the reef and one at the surface directly above the reef—and a third sample may also be collected approximately 1 km offshore from the site. The samples are processed by CREP and sent to NOAA Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL) to be analyzed for total alkalinity (TA) and dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC). From these constituents, alongside temperature, salinity, and depth data, other constituents of the seawater carbonate system can be calculated. These monitoring data provide a baseline for tracking reef carbonate system changes due to globally increasing levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide.
        purpose:  The NOAA National Coral Reef Monitoring Program (NCRMP) details a long term approach to provide an ecosystem perspective via monitoring climate, fish, benthic, and socioeconomic variables in a consistent and integrated manner. The NCRMP is intended to coordinate various NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP) biological, physical, and human dimensions activities into a cohesive NOAA-wide effort. Through the implementation of the NCRMP, NOAA will be able to clearly and concisely communicate results of national-scale monitoring to national, state, and territorial policy makers, resource managers, and the public on a periodic basis. To support a long-term Coral Reef Conservation Program for sustainable management and conservation of coral reef ecosystems and the NOAA Ocean Acidification Program (OAP), total alkalinity and dissolved inorganic carbon are measured to calculate various inorganic carbon system parameters that influence coral reef ecosystems monitored by the NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP). SCUBA divers take discrete water samples at the benthos and at the surface at forereef study sites established by the ongoing Pacific Reef Assessment and Monitoring Program (RAMP).
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            keyword:  COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Aguihan > Aguihan Island (Aguijan) (14N145E0006)
            keyword:  COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Alamagan Island > Alamagan Island (17N145E0002)
            keyword:  COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Asuncion Island > Asuncion Island (19N145E0001)
            keyword:  COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Northern Mariana Islands > Farallon de Pajaros > Farallon de Pajaros (20N144E0001)
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            keyword:  CNMI
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                fees:  Digital data may be downloaded from NCEI at no charge in most cases. For custom orders of digital data or to obtain a copy of analog materials, please contact NCEI Information Services for information about current fees.
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                description:  NCEI Accession 0157715 v1.1 was published.
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                                    protocol:  HTTP
                                    name:  NCEI Accession 0157715 v1.1
                                    description:  NCEI Accession 0157715 v1.1
                                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
                            role: (inapplicable)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  NCEI Accession 0157715 was revised and v2.2 was published.
                rationale:  Updates were received for this data set. These updates were copied into the data/0-data/ directory of this accession. These updates may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. This version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2017-04-04T17:32:05
                output:  (LE_Source)
                    sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  NCEI Accession 0157715 v2.2
                        date:  (CI_Date)
                            date: (inapplicable)
                            dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                        citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                            individualName: (inapplicable)
                            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                                onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0157715/2.2
                                    protocol:  HTTP
                                    name:  NCEI Accession 0157715 v2.2
                                    description:  NCEI Accession 0157715 v2.2
                                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
                            role: (inapplicable)
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Data Type: DISSOLVED INORGANIC CARBON (DIC) (measured); Units: ppm; Observation Type: laboratory analysis; Sampling Instrument: Niskin bottle.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Data Type: TOTAL ALKALINITY (TA) (measured); Units: ppm; Observation Type: laboratory analysis; Sampling Instrument: Niskin bottle.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Data Type: SALINITY (measured); Units: psu; Observation Type: laboratory analysis; Sampling Instrument: Niskin bottle.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Data Type: CONDUCTIVITY (measured); Units: Siemens/meter; Observation Type: in situ; Sampling Instrument: CTD.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Data Type: WATER TEMPERATURE (measured); Units: degrees C; Observation Type: in situ; Sampling Instrument: CTD.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Data Type: DEPTH - OBSERVATION (measured); Units: meter; Observation Type: in situ; Sampling Instrument: CTD.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Data Type: PRESSURE - WATER [HYDROSTATIC PRESSURE] (measured); Units: decibar; Observation Type: in situ; Sampling Instrument: CTD.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Data Type: WATER DENSITY (calculated); Units: kg/m^3; Observation Type: in situ; Sampling Instrument: CTD.
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    metadataMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
        maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) asNeeded
        maintenanceNote:  Metadata are developed, maintained and distributed by NCEI. Updates are performed as needed to maintain currentness.
        maintenanceNote:  NCEI Accession 0157715 was revised and a new version of the archival package was published. Updates to existing archival packages may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. The latest version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession. Please see journal.txt in the /about directory for additional details on changes made.
        contact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian
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    acquisitionInformation:  (MI_AcquisitionInformation)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  CTD
            type:  CTD
            description:  Conductivity-Temperature-Depth probe
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  Niskin bottle
            type:  Niskin bottle
            description:  Device for obtaining samples of seawater at a specific depth
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  HI'IALAKAI
            description:  Title: NOAA Ship Flag: United States of America Vessel Type: Research Vessel DOB: Nov 1984 IMO: 8835619 Hull No: R 334 Former Name: Vindicator (2004) Commissioned by NOAA in 2002 Submitted to ICES on 2012-12-13.
            instrument: (missing)