Estuarine Living Marine Resources: West Coast Regional Distribution and Abundance (NCEI Accession 0161540)

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This is the West Coast regional component of NOAA’s Estuarine Living Marine Resources (ELMR) Project, a national database of ecologically and economically important fishes and invertebrates in the Nation's estuaries. The distribution and relative abundance are depicted in a consistent format for 47 species of fishes and invertebrates, in 32 estuaries in coastal California, Oregon, and Washington State. Species were selected according to a set of criteria, which consider their commercial, recreational, and ecological value, as well as their utility as an indicator of environmental stress. For each species, five life stages are considered - adults, juveniles, larvae, spawning, and eggs - with some exceptions based on individual species life history. Each estuary is subdivided into one to three salinity zones (Tidal Fresh, Mixing, and Seawater). Relative abundance was ranked on a five-tier scale by month for each life stage of each species, in each salinity zone of each estuary. Details of the methods and resulting life history summaries for the West Coast ELMR component can be found in Monaco et al. (1990) and Emmett et al. (1991).
  • Cite as: Nelson, David Moe; Monaco, Mark; Emmett, Robert; Hinton, Susan (2017). Estuarine Living Marine Resources: West Coast Regional Distribution and Abundance (NCEI Accession 0161540). Version 1.1. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. doi:10.7289/V5PG1PTJ [access date]
gov.noaa.nodc:0161540
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  • Originator data format
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Distributor DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
301-713-3277
NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact Information Services
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
301-713-3277
NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
Time Period 1985-01-01 to 1990-01-01
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates
N: 49
S: 32
E: -117
W: -125
Spatial Coverage Map
General Documentation
Associated Resources
  • Estuarine Species Database for the NOAA Estuarine Living Marine Resources Program
  • Estuarine Living Marine Resources Database (ELMR)
  • Distribution and abundance of fishes and invertebrates in West Coast estuaries, Vol. I: Data summaries
  • Distribution and abundance of fishes and invertebrates in West Coast estuaries, Vol. II: Species life history summaries
  • National overview and evolution of NOAA's Estuarine Living Marine Resources (ELMR) Program
  • Estuarine Salinity Zones in US East Coast, Gulf of Mexico, and US West Coast from 1999-01-01 to 1999-12-31 (NCEI Accession 0127396)
  • Estuarine Living Marine Resources: North Atlantic Regional Distribution and Abundance (NCEI Accession 0162402)
  • Estuarine Living Marine Resources: Mid-Atlantic Regional Distribution and Abundance (NCEI Accession 0162403)
  • Estuarine Living Marine Resources: Southeast Regional Distribution and Abundance (NCEI Accession 0163992)
  • Estuarine Living Marine Resources: Gulf of Mexico Regional Distribution and Abundance (NCEI Accession 0163993)
  • Distribution and abundance of fishes and invertebrates in West Coast estuaries, Vol. I: Data summaries
  • National Estuarine Inventory - Data Atlas, Vol. I: Physical and Hydrologic Characteristics
    • NOAA Data Atlas
      Data Atlas, Vol. I: Physical and Hydrologic Characteristics
Publication Dates
  • publication: 2017-03-31
Edition 1.1
Data Presentation Form Digital table - digital representation of facts or figures systematically displayed, especially in columns
Dataset Progress Status Complete - production of the data has been completed
Data Update Frequency As needed
Supplemental Information
A data sheet was developed for each species in each estuary to facilitate the review and presentation of the information. Data compiled for each species/life stage included: (1) the salinity zone(s) it occupies (Tidal Fresh, Mixing, Seawater), (2) its temporal distribution in those zones by month (Jan-Dec), and (3) its relative abundance in those zones. Relative abundance values are ranked as 0 = not present, n = no information available, 2 = rare, 3 = common, 4 = abundant, and 5 = highly abundant. The abundance of a species life stage was considered relative to that of the same life stage of other "similar" species within a “guild”, i.e. with similar life modes and sampling susceptibilities. These guilds are: Sessile Invertebrates, Shrimps and Squids, Large Crustaceans, Shallow Water Fishes, Pelagic Fishes, and Demersal Fishes. The draft relative abundance ranking were then verified through an extensive review process utilizing expert knowledge and field experiences of fisheries scientists, managers, and field biologists. The West Coast ELMR project was launched in 1985, and results published in 1990. For a complete description of the methods and results see Monaco et al. 1990 or Nelson et al. 2000. 32 estuaries were selected for the ELMR West Coast Region from the National Estuarine Inventory (NEI) Data Atlas-Volume I (NOAA 1985). Data on the spatial and temporal distributions of species were compiled for each estuary, using salinity zones as a spatial framework. 47 species were selected based on the commercial value, recreational value, indicator of environmental stress, and ecological value. The integrated quantitative and qualitative relative abundance estimates were then verified through an extensive review process utilizing expert knowledge and field experiences of fisheries scientists, managers, and field biologists. Process Date Range is 1985 - 2000.


The quality and quantity of available data vary by species, life stage, and estuary. In general, data quality is best for well-studied, commercially- and recreationally-harvested species. Data quality regarding salinity zone boundaries may be affected by factors such as variations in freshwater inflow, wind, and tides. The qualitative nature of distributional data precludes statistical comparisons of species abundances. Data reliability was ranked using the following categories and criteria: (1) Highly certain: Substantial sampling data are available, and distribution, behavior, and preferred habitats are well documented within an estuary. (2) Moderately certain: Some sampling data are available for an estuary, and distribution, preferred habitat, and behavior are well documented in similar estuaries. 3) Reasonable inference: Little or no site sampling data are available, but information on distributions, ecology, and preferred habitats are documented in similar estuaries. These rankings of data reliability for each species and estuary are reported in the DATA_RELIABILITY column, and in Table 4 of the ELMR West Coast Report (Monaco et al. 1990).


Submission Package ID: LFNBLF
Purpose Estuaries are among the most productive natural systems and are important nursery areas that provide food, refuge from predation, and valuable habitat for many species. In spite of the well documented importance of estuaries to fishes and invertebrates, few consistent and comprehensive data bases exist that allow examinations of relationships between estuarine species found in or among groups of estuaries. In 1985, NOAA launched the Estuarine Living Marine Resources (ELMR) Project to develop a consistent database on the distribution, relative abundance, and life history characteristics of ecologically and economically important fishes and invertebrates in the Nation's estuaries. The project applied consistent data development methods to enable comparisons among species, specific life stages, and times of year within estuarine systems. The database is divided into five study regions - West Coast, Gulf of Mexico, Southeast, Mid-Atlantic, and North Atlantic. The Nationwide ELMR database now includes information for 153 species found in 122 estuaries and coastal bays. A series of reports have been published which summarize the methods and results of the ELMR Program. These include a National report (2000), regional data summary reports for the North Atlantic (1994), Mid-Atlantic (1994), Southeast (1991), Gulf of Mexico (1992), and West Coast (1990), and regional life history summary reports for the West Coast (1991) and Gulf of Mexico (1997). Copies of these reports are available free upon request, and some are available as pdf.
Use Limitations
  • accessLevel: Public
  • Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
Dataset Citation
  • Cite as: Nelson, David Moe; Monaco, Mark; Emmett, Robert; Hinton, Susan (2017). Estuarine Living Marine Resources: West Coast Regional Distribution and Abundance (NCEI Accession 0161540). Version 1.1. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. doi:10.7289/V5PG1PTJ [access date]
Cited Authors
  • Nelson, David Moe
  • Monaco, Mark
  • Emmett, Robert
  • Hinton, Susan
Principal Investigators
  • David Nelson
    US DOC; NOAA; NOS; National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS)
  • Mark Monaco
    US DOC; NOAA; NOS; National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS)
Collaborators
  • Robert Emmett
    US DOC; NOAA; NMFS; Northwest Fisheries Science Center (NMFS/NWFSC)
  • Susan Hinton
    US DOC; NOAA; NMFS; Northwest Fisheries Science Center (NMFS/NWFSC)
Contributors
Resource Providers
Points of Contact
  • David Nelson
    US DOC; NOAA; NOS; National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS)
Publishers
Acknowledgments
  • Related Funding Agency: US DOC; NOAA; NOS; National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science
Theme keywords NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS WMO_CategoryCode
  • oceanography
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
  • EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION
  • EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES
  • EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/VERTEBRATES > FISH
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > SALINITY/DENSITY > SALINITY
NCCOS Research Keywords
  • NCCOS Research Data Type > Derived Data Product
  • NCCOS Research Priority > Marine Spatial Ecology (MSE)
  • NCCOS Research Topic > Ecological/Biological Characterization
Provider Keywords
  • Models/Analysis > Data Analysis > Environmental Modeling
Data Center keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NODC > National Oceanographic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NMFS/NWFSC > Northwest Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NOS/NCCOS > National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science, National Ocean Service, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
NODC COLLECTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS NODC SUBMITTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS
Place keywords NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
  • OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN
NCCOS Research Location
  • NCCOS Research Location > Geographic Area > Estuaries
  • NCCOS Research Location > Marine Protected Area > National Estuarine Research
  • NCCOS Research Location > Marine Protected Area > National Parks
  • NCCOS Research Location > Region > West Coast
  • NCCOS Research Location > U.S. States and Territories > California
  • NCCOS Research Location > U.S. States and Territories > Oregon
  • NCCOS Research Location > U.S. States and Territories > Washington
Provider Place Names
  • Elkhorn Slough National Estuarine Research Reserve
  • Point Reyes National Seashore
  • San Francisco Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve
  • South Slough National Estuarine Research Reserve
  • Tijuana River National Estuarine Research Reserve
  • West Coast - US/Canada
Project keywords NCCOS Project Keywords
  • NCCOS Project No. 107: Estuarine Species Database for the NOAA Estuarine Living Marine Resources Program
Keywords NCEI ACCESSION NUMBER
Use Constraints
  • Cite as: Nelson, David Moe; Monaco, Mark; Emmett, Robert; Hinton, Susan (2017). Estuarine Living Marine Resources: West Coast Regional Distribution and Abundance (NCEI Accession 0161540). Version 1.1. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. doi:10.7289/V5PG1PTJ [access date]
Access Constraints
  • NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
Fees
  • Digital data may be downloaded from NCEI at no charge in most cases. For custom orders of digital data or to obtain a copy of analog materials, please contact NCEI Information Services for information about current fees.
Lineage information for: dataset
Processing Steps
  • 2017-03-31T21:30:49 - NCEI Accession 0161540 v1.1 was published.
Output Datasets
Lineage information for: dataset
Processing Steps
  • Data Type: Relative Abundance (calculated); Units: Relative abundance ranking on a scale of 0 to 5; Observation Type: model output; Sampling Instrument: documentation only - no instrument type; Sampling and Analyzing Method: A data sheet was developed for each species in each estuary to facilitate the review and presentation of the information. Data compiled for each species/life stage included: (1) the salinity zone(s) it occupies (Tidal Fresh, Mixing, Seawater), (2) its temporal distribution in those zones by month (Jan-Dec), and (3) its relative abundance in those zones. Relative abundance values are ranked as 0 = not present, n = no information available, 2 = rare, 3 = common, 4 = abundant, and 5 = highly abundant. The abundance of a species life stage was considered relative to that of the same life stage of other "similar" species within a “guild”, i.e. with similar life modes and sampling susceptibilities. These guilds are: Sessile Invertebrates, Shrimps and Squids, Large Crustaceans, Shallow Water Fishes, Pelagic Fishes, and Demersal Fishes. The draft relative abundance ranking were then verified through an extensive review process utilizing expert knowledge and field experiences of fisheries scientists, managers, and field biologists. The West Coast ELMR project was launched in 1985, and results published in 1990. For a complete description of the methods and results see Monaco et al. 1990 or Nelson et al. 2000. 32 estuaries were selected for the ELMR West Coast Region from the National Estuarine Inventory (NEI) Data Atlas-Volume I (NOAA 1985). Data on the spatial and temporal distributions of species were compiled for each estuary, using salinity zones as a spatial framework. 47 species were selected based on the commercial value, recreational value, indicator of environmental stress, and ecological value. The integrated quantitative and qualitative relative abundance estimates were then verified through an extensive review process utilizing expert knowledge and field experiences of fisheries scientists, managers, and field biologists. Process Date Range is 1985 - 2000.; Data Quality Information: The quality and quantity of available data vary by species, life stage, and estuary. In general, data quality is best for well-studied, commercially- and recreationally-harvested species. Data quality regarding salinity zone boundaries may be affected by factors such as variations in freshwater inflow, wind, and tides. The qualitative nature of distributional data precludes statistical comparisons of species abundances. Data reliability was ranked using the following categories and criteria: (1) Highly certain: Substantial sampling data are available, and distribution, behavior, and preferred habitats are well documented within an estuary. (2) Moderately certain: Some sampling data are available for an estuary, and distribution, preferred habitat, and behavior are well documented in similar estuaries. 3) Reasonable inference: Little or no site sampling data are available, but information on distributions, ecology, and preferred habitats are documented in similar estuaries. These rankings of data reliability for each species and estuary are reported in the DATA_RELIABILITY column, and in Table 4 of the ELMR West Coast Report (Monaco et al. 1990).
  • Data Type: NCCOS Keywords (calculated); Units: n/a; Observation Type: other; Sampling Instrument: n/a; Data Quality Information: NCCOS Research Priority > Marine Spatial Ecology (MSE) NCCOS Research Topic > Ecological/Biological Characterization NCCOS Research Location > Region > West Coast NCCOS Research Location > U.S. States and Territories > California NCCOS Research Location > U.S. States and Territories > Oregon NCCOS Research Location > U.S. States and Territories > Washington NCCOS Research Location > Geographic Area > Estuaries NCCOS Research Location > Marine Protected Area > National Estuarine Research NCCOS Research Location > Marine Protected Area > National Parks NCCOS Research Data Type > Derived Data Product.
Last Modified: 2018-11-01T15:43:53
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