Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from the coastal surface underway observations using carbon dioxide gas analyzer, shower head equilibrator and other instruments from NOAA Ship Henry B. Bigelow in the North Atlantic Ocean, US North East coast from 2013-03-14 to 2013-11-19 (NCEI Accession 0162209)


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            title:  Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from the coastal surface underway observations using carbon dioxide gas analyzer, shower head equilibrator and other instruments from NOAA Ship Henry B. Bigelow in the North Atlantic Ocean, US North East coast from 2013-03-14 to 2013-11-19 (NCEI Accession 0162209)
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        abstract:  NCEI Accession 0162209 includes Surface underway, chemical, meteorological and physical data collected from NOAA Ship Henry B. Bigelow in the North Atlantic Ocean, US North East coast from 2013-03-14 to 2013-11-19. These data include measurements of mole fraction of CO2 in the equilibrator headspace (dry) at equilibrator temperature, mole fraction of CO2 measured in dry outside air, barometric pressure in the equilibrator headspace, barometric pressure, corrected to sea level, water temperature in equilibrator, sea surface temperature, sea surface salinity, fugacity of CO2 in sea water at SST and 100% humidity, and difference between sea water fCO2 and interpolated air fCO2. The instruments used to collect these data include carbon dioxide (CO2) gas analyzer and shower head chamber equilibrator for autonomous carbon dioxide (CO2) measurement. These data were collected by Rik Wanninkhof and Denis Pierrot of US DOC; NOAA; OAR; Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory as part of NOAA Ship Henry B. Bigelow research coastal cruises hb1301, hb1302, hb1303, hb1304 data set. The cruise Expedition codes (EXPOCODE) are 33HH20130314, 33HH20130610, 33HH20130701, 33HH20130903.
        purpose:  The major objectives of this SOOP project is to provide a high quality measurements of atmospheric and sea surface fCO2, sea surface salinity, temperature, and other parameters, in the North-East US coastal area between North Carolina and Maine.
        credit:  Funding Information: NOAA Climate Program Office Program (NOAA Ocean Acidification Program)
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            keyword:  SHIPS
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                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Platform Keywords
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                    date:  2018
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                    organisationName:  Global Change Data Center, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
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            keyword:  OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) place
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                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2018
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
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                    organisationName:  Global Change Data Center, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
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                            name:  NASA GCMD Keyword Community Page
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            keyword:  North Atlantic Ocean
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                title:  Provider Geographic Names
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            otherConstraints:  Cite as: Wanninkhof, Rik; Sullivan, Kevin F. (2017). Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from the coastal surface underway observations using carbon dioxide gas analyzer, shower head equilibrator and other instruments from NOAA Ship Henry B. Bigelow in the North Atlantic Ocean, US North East coast from 2013-03-14 to 2013-11-19 (NCEI Accession 0162209). Version 1.1. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. doi:10.7289/V5N014RW [access date]
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                    beginPosition:  2013-03-14
                    endPosition:  2013-11-19
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                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/1730 DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
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                        electronicMailAddress:  NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
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                fees:  Digital data may be downloaded from NCEI at no charge in most cases. For custom orders of digital data or to obtain a copy of analog materials, please contact NCEI Information Services for information about current fees.
                orderingInstructions:  Data may be searched and downloaded using online services provided by NCEI using the online resource URLs in this record. Contact NCEI Information Services for custom orders. When requesting data from NCEI, the desired data set may be referred to by the unique package identification number listed in this metadata record.
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                description:  NCEI Accession 0162209 v1.1 was published.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2017-05-02T12:28:07
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                        title:  NCEI Accession 0162209 v1.1
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                                    description:  NCEI Accession 0162209 v1.1
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
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                description:  Parameter or Variable: pCO2 (fCO2) autonomous; Abbreviation: fCO2_SW@SST; Unit: uatm; Observation type: Surface underway; Measured or calculated: Measured; Sampling instrument: Seawater pump; Location of seawater intake: Bow; Analyzing instrument: Infrared Analyzer: LI-COR model 6262; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: Pierrot, D., C. Neil, K. Sullivan, R. Castle, R. Wanninkhof, H. Lueger, T. Johannessen, A. Olsen, R. A. Feely, and C. E. Cosca (2009), Recommendations for autonomous underway pCO2 measuring systems and data reduction routines, Deep-Sea Res II, 56, 512-522 ; Equilibrator type: Spray head above dynamic pool, with thermal jacket ; Equilibrator volume: 0.95 L (0.4 L water, 0.55 L headspace) ; Is the equilibrator vented or not: Vented; Water flow rate: 1.5 - 2.0 L/min; Gas flow rate: 70 - 150 ml/min ; How was temperature inside the equilibrator measured: Hart Scientific model 1523 digital thermometer; How was pressure inside the equilibrator measured: External Setra 270 connected to the exit of the analyzer ; Drying method for gas: Gas stream passes through a thermoelectric condenser (~5 C) and then through a Perma Pure (Nafion) dryer before reaching the analyzer (90% dry). ; SEA CO2 gas detector manufacturer: Licor, Inc; SEA CO2 gas detector model: Licor 6262; SEA CO2 gas detector resolution: 0.01 uatm; SEA CO2 gas detector uncertainty: 1 uatm; Standardization technique: The analyzer is calibrated every 4.3 hours with field standards that in turn were calibrated with primary standards that are directly traceable to the WMO scale. The zero gas is ultra-high purity air.; Standardization frequency: Every 4.3 hours; Standard gas manufacturer: Scott-Marrin, Inc. ; Standard gas concentration: Std 1: JA02645, 204.75 ppm / Std 2: JA02273, 317.49 ppm / Std 3: JA02285, 372.23 ppm / Std 4: JA02647, 518.24 ppm / Std 5: JA03093, 0.00 ppm; Standard gas uncertainty: 0.01 ppm; Water vapor correction method: Details of the data reduction are described in Pierrot, et.al. (2009).; Temperature correction method: Details of the data reduction are described in Pierrot, et.al. (2009).; At what temperature was pCO2 reported: In situ sea surface temperature; Uncertainty: 0.01C; Quality flag convention: WOCE quality control flags are used: 2 = good value, 3 = questionable value, 4 = bad value; Method reference: Pierrot, D., C. Neil, K. Sullivan, R. Castle, R. Wanninkhof, H. Lueger, T. Johannessen, A. Olsen, R. A. Feely, and C. E. Cosca (2009), Recommendations for autonomous underway pCO2 measuring systems and data reduction routines, Deep-Sea Res II, 56, 512-522; Researcher name: Kevin Sullivan; Researcher institution: NOAA/AOML.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: Sea Surface Temperature; Abbreviation: SST_C; Unit: degrees celcius; Observation type: Surface Underway; Analyzing instrument: SBE 38, Seabird, Inc.; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: After sea water pump, ~3 m below sea surface; Uncertainty: Accuracy: 0.001C, Precision: 0.00025C; Researcher name: Kevin Sullivan; Researcher institution: NOAA/AOML.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: Sea Surface Salinity; Abbreviation: SAL_permil; Observation type: Surface Underway; Analyzing instrument: SBE 45, Seabird, Inc.; Uncertainty: Accuracy: +/- 0.005; Precision: 0.0002; Researcher name: Kevin Sullivan; Researcher institution: NOAA/AOML.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: Atmospheric Pressure; Abbreviation: PRES_ATM@SSP_hPa; Unit: hPa; Analyzing instrument: Vaisala, Model: PTB220; Uncertainty: Accuracy: +/- 0.15 hPa; Precision: 0.01 hPa; Researcher name: Kevin Sullivan; Researcher institution: NOAA/AOML.
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        maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) asNeeded
        maintenanceNote:  Metadata are developed, maintained and distributed by NCEI. Updates are performed as needed to maintain currentness.
        contact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian
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    acquisitionInformation:  (MI_AcquisitionInformation)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  Carbon dioxide (CO2) gas analyzer
            type:  Carbon dioxide (CO2) gas analyzer
            description:  Carbon dioxide gas analyzer has often been referred to as LI-COR, because a lot of researchers choose to use products manufactured by LI-COR incorporation for their carbon dioxide measurement. The main component of a carbon dioxide analyzer is a nondispersive infrared (NDIR) spectroscopic sensors to detect CO2 in a gaseous environment by its characteristic absorption. Carbon dioxide (CO2) gas analyzer works together with carbon dioxide (CO2) equilibrator (insttypes_id 184) to measure carbon dioxide in the water. To measure water carbon dioxide, water needs to be continuously supplied to a showerhead inside an equilibrator. As the water flows through the equilibrator chamber, dissolved carbon dioxide exchanges quickly with air in the headspace. This air is then sampled by the carbon dioxide analyzer to determine the mole fraction of CO2 in water.
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  Shower head chamber equilibrator for autonomous carbon dioxide (CO2) measurement
            type:  Shower head chamber equilibrator for autonomous carbon dioxide (CO2) measurement
            description:  A carbon dioxide equilibrator is usually in the shape of a vertical tube, with a shower head on the top, some head space, a lot of beads to increase the surface exchange area between water and air, a water seal device at the bottom to allow water to overflow, but prevents air exchange between inside and outside. Carbon dioxide (CO2) equilibrator works together with carbon dioxide (CO2) gas analyzer (insttypes_id 183) to measure carbon dioxide in the water. To measure water carbon dioxide, water needs to be continuously supplied to a showerhead inside an equilibrator. As the water flows through the equilibrator chamber, dissolved carbon dioxide exchanges quickly with air in the headspace. This air is then sampled by the carbon dioxide analyzer to determine the mole fraction of CO2 in water.
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  HENRY B. BIGELOW
            description:  Title: NOAA Ship Flag: United States of America Vessel Type: Fishery Research Vessel (Oceanographic) DOB: Jun 2006 IMO: 9349057 NOAA Ship HENRY B. BIGELOW was launched on July 8, 2005 and commissioned by NOAA on July 16, 2007. For more information, see http://www.moc.noaa.gov/hb. Submitted by NODC to ICES on 2010-09-08. Confirmed in ICES by NOAA on 2012-10-02.
            instrument: (missing)