Calcification rates of crustose coralline algae (CCA) derived from Calcification Accretion Units (CAUs) deployed at coral reef sites in Batangas, Philippines in 2012 and recovered in 2015 (NCEI Accession 0162831)


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            title:  Calcification rates of crustose coralline algae (CCA) derived from Calcification Accretion Units (CAUs) deployed at coral reef sites in Batangas, Philippines in 2012 and recovered in 2015 (NCEI Accession 0162831)
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        abstract:  Laboratory experiments reveal calcification rates of crustose coralline algae (CCA) are strongly correlated to seawater aragonite saturation state. Predictions of reduced coral calcification rates, due to ocean acidification, suggest that coral reef communities will undergo ecological phase shifts as calcifying organisms are negatively impacted by changing seawater chemistry. Calcification accretion units, or CAUs, are used by the NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP) to assess the current effects of changes in seawater carbonate chemistry on calcification and accretion rates of calcareous and fleshy algae. CAUs, constructed in-house by CREP, are composed of two 10 x 10 cm flat, square, gray PVC plates, stacked 1 cm apart, and are attached to the benthos by SCUBA divers using stainless steel threaded rods. Deployed on the seafloor for a period of time, calcareous organisms, primarily crustose coralline algae and encrusting corals, recruit to these plates and accrete/calcify carbonate skeletons over time. By measuring the change in weight of the CAUs, the reef carbonate accretion rate can be calculated for that time period. The calcification rate data described here were collected by CREP from CAUs moored at fixed climate survey sites located on hard bottom shallow water (< 15 m) habitats in the Philippines, in accordance with protocols developed by Price et al. (2012). Climate sites were established by CREP to assess multiple features of the coral reef environment (in addition to the data described herein) from March 2012 to June 2015, and five CAUs were deployed at each survey site. In conjunction with benthic community composition data (archived separately), these data serve as a baseline for detecting changes associated with changing seawater chemistry due to ocean acidification within coral reef environments.
        purpose:  The Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP) at NOAA Fisheries is conducting in-situ climate monitoring across the U.S. Pacific Islands Region. Climate monitoring provides a comprehensive view of climate change impacts on coral reef ecosystems and helps identify areas of resilience and vulnerability. The key indicators used to identify and monitor climate-driven trends include 1) thermal stress caused by changes in sea temperature, 2) ocean acidification resulting from changes in carbonate chemistry, and 3) ecological impacts by collecting data on coral growth rates and community structure to understand the impacts of thermal stress and ocean acidification on the ecosystem. This particular dataset for the Philippines is part of a 3-year project ("Climate, Biodiversity and Fisheries in the Coral Triangle: Embracing the E in Ecosystem Approaches to Fisheries Management") implemented by CREP. This project was funded by NOAA's Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP) and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) Regional Development Mission Asia (RDMA) as part of the U.S. Coral Triangle Initiative, with additional support from the Coral Triangle Support Partnership and USAID Philippines. The goal of the project was to build on CREP's expertise to provide tools and information about climate change, ocean acidification, and their impacts on biodiversity and fisheries that could inform and be incorporated into an Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries Management (EAFM) for the Philippines. CREP worked with local governments, communities, and NGOs to build science capacity by establishing robust observing capabilities and providing hands-on training to initiate collection of climate science information for the Verde Island Passage in the Philippines that can be used toward adaptive EAFM.
        credit:  Related Funding Agency: US DOC; NOAA; NOS; Coral Reef Conservation Program
        credit:  Related Funding Agency: US DOS; United States Agency for International Development (USAID - USAID)
        credit:  Related Funding Agency: US DOS; United States Agency for International Development
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            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment > Baseline studies
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment > In Situ Biological
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Ocean Chemistry > Calcification
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Ocean Chemistry > Carbonate Chemistry
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Ocean Chemistry > Ocean Acidification
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            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION
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                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2018-03-15
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
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            keyword:  Calcification Plate
            keyword:  Settling Plate
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            keyword:  COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Philippines > Batangas > Arthur's Rock (13N120E0002)
            keyword:  COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Philippines > Batangas > Mabini (13N120E0032)
            keyword:  COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Philippines > Batangas > Tingloy (13N120E0009)
            keyword:  COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Philippines > Batangas > Twin Rocks Sanctuary (13N120E0005)
            keyword:  OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > South China Sea > Balayan Bay > Arthur's Rock (13N120E0002)
            keyword:  OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > South China Sea > Balayan Bay > Mabini (13N120E0032)
            keyword:  OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > South China Sea > Balayan Bay > Twin Rocks Sanctuary (13N120E0005)
            keyword:  OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > South China Sea > Maricaban Island > Tingloy (13N120E0009)
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            keyword:  OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) place
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                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
                date:  (CI_Date)
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                edition:  8.6
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            keyword:  Arthur's Reef
            keyword:  Batalang Bato
            keyword:  Batong Buhay
            keyword:  Koala Reserve Area
            keyword:  Philippines
            keyword:  Twin Rocks
            keyword:  Verde Island Passage
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            otherConstraints:  Cite as: Coral Reef Ecosystem Program; Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (2017). Calcification rates of crustose coralline algae (CCA) derived from Calcification Accretion Units (CAUs) deployed at coral reef sites in Batangas, Philippines in 2012 and recovered in 2015 (NCEI Accession 0162831). [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0162831. Accessed [date].
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                title:  Calcification rates of crustose coralline algae (CCA) derived from Calcification Accretion Units (CAUs) deployed at coral reef sites in Batangas, Philippines from 2012 to 2015
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                    date:  2017
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                    positionName: (unknown)
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                            linkage: https://inport.nmfs.noaa.gov/inport/item/45816
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            name:  Calcification rates of crustose coralline algae (CCA) derived from Calcification Accretion Units (CAUs) deployed at coral reef sites in Batangas, Philippines from 2012 to 2015
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                title:  Diel Variability in Seawater pH Relates to Calcification and Benthic Community Structure on Coral Reefs
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                    date:  2012-08-28
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                            linkage: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043843
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                    individualName:  Nichole N. Price
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                    individualName:  Todd R. Martz
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                    individualName:  Russell E. Brainard
                    organisationName:  Coral Reef Ecosystem Division, Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
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                    individualName:  Simon Thrush
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                    beginPosition:  2012-03-13
                    endPosition:  2015-06-03
        supplementalInformation:  Submission Package ID: JF944Y
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                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/1730 DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
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                        deliveryPoint:  Federal Building 151 Patton Avenue
                        city:  Asheville
                        administrativeArea:  NC
                        postalCode:  28801-5001
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
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                fees:  In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free. However, fees may apply for custom orders, data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
                orderingInstructions:  Contact NCEI for other distribution options and instructions.
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                description:  NCEI Accession 0162831 v1.1 was published.
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                  DateTime:  2017-07-15T00:52:19Z
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                        title:  NCEI Accession 0162831 v1.1
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                description:  Data Type: CALCIFICATION (measured); Units: gram/centimeter; Observation Type: laboratory analysis; Sampling Instrument: calcification accretion unit.
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