El Niño Rapid Response (ENRR) Field Campaign: Surface Fluxes from NOAA Ship Ronald H. Brown, 2016-02 to 2016-03 (NCEI Accession 0167875)

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This dataset contains bulk surface-flux data from NOAA Ship Ronald H. Brown, calculated by the COARE Flux Algorithm from surface meteorology and ship data collected 16 February to 16 March 2016. The surface meteorology and ship data were collected while the ship sailed from Honolulu, Hawaii to the Tropical Atmosphere Ocean (TAO) buoys along 140°W and 125°W and then to San Diego, California. The averaging period of the data is 1 hour.

During January through March 2016, scientists led by the NOAA/Earth System Research Laboratory's Physical Sciences Division conducted NOAA's El Niño Rapid Response (ENRR) Field Campaign. Its goal was to document the ongoing El Niño episode in great detail, and in ways that could help researchers better understand the ways in which this El Niño affected weather in the United States and the impact of various high-resolution observations on weather forecasts. Intensive observations were collected over the central and eastern Pacific ocean from land, ocean, and airborne platforms during the very strong 2015-2016 El Niño.
  • Cite as: Cox, Christopher J.; Hartten, Leslie M. (2017). El Niño Rapid Response (ENRR) Field Campaign: Surface Fluxes from NOAA Ship Ronald H. Brown, 2016-02 to 2016-03 (NCEI Accession 0167875). Version 2.2. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. doi:10.7289/V58050VP [access date]
gov.noaa.nodc:0167875
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  • Originator data format
Ordering Instructions Data may be searched and downloaded using online services provided by NCEI using the online resource URLs in this record. Contact NCEI Information Services for custom orders. When requesting data from NCEI, the desired data set may be referred to by the unique package identification number listed in this metadata record.
Distributor DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
301-713-3277
NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact Information Services
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
301-713-3277
NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
Time Period 2016-02-16 to 2016-03-16
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates
N: 28.36
S: -7.9895
E: -100.31
W: -157.97
Spatial Coverage Map
General Documentation
Publication Dates
  • publication: 2017-12-19
  • revision: 2018-06-22
Edition 2.2
Data Presentation Form Digital table - digital representation of facts or figures systematically displayed, especially in columns
Dataset Progress Status Complete - production of the data has been completed
Data Update Frequency As needed
Supplemental Information
In this accession, NCEI has archived multiple versions of these data. The latest (and best) version of these data has the largest version number.

Submission Package ID: 1H04JM

The following variables are reported:
time at end of averaging period (UTC); latitude (degree_north); longitude (degree_east); cloud_area_fraction (); downwelling_longwave_flux_in_air_assuming_clear_sky (W m-2); downwelling_longwave_flux_in_air (W m-2); surface_upwelling_longwave_flux_in_air (W m-2); downwelling_shortwave_flux_in_air (W m-2); surface_upwelling_shortwave_flux_in_air (W m-2); surface_upward_latent_heat_flux (W m-2); surface_upward_sensible_heat_flux (W m-2); Bulk buoyancy flux into ocean (W m-2); Friction velocity (m s-1); Wind stress (N m-2); Temperature scaling parameter (K); Specific humidity scaling parameter (g kg-2); Thermal roughness length (m); Moisture roughness length (m); Wind stress transfer coefficient at height=zu (); Sensible heat transfer coefficient at height=zu (); Latent heat transfer coefficient at height=zu (); Obukhov length scale (m); Monin-Obukhov stability parameter (); wind_speed at height=10m (m s-1); air_temperature at height=10m (C); specific_humidity at height=10m (g kg-1); relative_humidity at height=10m (%); Neutral value of wind speed at height=zu (m s-1); Neutral value of wind speed at height=10m (m s-1); Neutral value of drag coefficient at height=10m (); Neutral value of Stanton number at height=10m (); Neutral value of Dalton number at height=10m (); sea_surface_temperature (C); Cool-skin temperature depression (C); Surface saturation specific humidity (g kg-1); Latent heat of vaporization (J kg-1); Evaporation rate (mm h-1).
Purpose These data provide a high-resolution view of bulk surface fluxes in the heart of the warm tropical Pacific during the late stages of the 2015-2016 El Niño. They are intended for use in meteorological, oceanographic, and biological studies of the east-central tropical Pacific during strong El Niño conditions.
Use Limitations
  • accessLevel: Public
  • Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
Dataset Citation
  • Cite as: Cox, Christopher J.; Hartten, Leslie M. (2017). El Niño Rapid Response (ENRR) Field Campaign: Surface Fluxes from NOAA Ship Ronald H. Brown, 2016-02 to 2016-03 (NCEI Accession 0167875). Version 2.2. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. doi:10.7289/V58050VP [access date]
Cited Authors
  • Cox, Christopher J.
  • Hartten, Leslie M.
Collaborators
Contributors
Resource Providers
Points of Contact
Publishers
Acknowledgments
  • Related Funding Agency: NOAA
Theme keywords NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS WMO_CategoryCode
  • oceanography
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
  • EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR > WATER VAPOR INDICATORS > HUMIDITY > RELATIVE HUMIDITY
  • EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WINDS > SURFACE WINDS > WIND SPEED
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN OPTICS > IRRADIANCE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN TEMPERATURE > SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN WINDS > WIND STRESS
Provider Science Variables
  • Bulk buoyancy flux into ocean
  • Cool-skin temperature depression
  • Evaporation rate
  • Friction velocity
  • Latent heat of vaporization
  • Latent heat transfer coefficient at height=zu
  • Moisture roughness length
  • Monin-Obukhov stability parameter
  • Neutral value of Dalton number at height=10m
  • Neutral value of Stanton number at height=10m
  • Neutral value of drag coefficient at height=10m
  • Neutral value of wind speed at height=10m
  • Neutral value of wind speed at height=zu
  • Obukhov length scale
  • Sensible heat transfer coefficient at height=zu
  • Specific humidity scaling parameter
  • Surface saturation specific humidity
  • Temperature scaling parameter
  • Thermal roughness length
  • Wind stress transfer coefficient at height=zu
  • air_temperature at height=10m
  • cloud_area_fraction
  • downwelling_longwave_flux_in_air
  • downwelling_longwave_flux_in_air_assuming_clear_sky
  • downwelling_shortwave_flux_in_air
  • specific_humidity at height=10m
  • surface_upward_latent_heat_flux
  • surface_upward_sensible_heat_flux
  • surface_upwelling_longwave_flux_in_air
  • surface_upwelling_shortwave_flux_in_air
  • wind_speed at height=10m
Data Center keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NODC > National Oceanographic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/OAR > OCEANIC & ATMOSPHERIC RESEARCH, NOAA, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
NODC COLLECTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS NODC SUBMITTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS
Platform keywords NODC PLATFORM NAMES THESAURUS Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Platform Keywords
  • SHIPS
Instrument keywords NODC INSTRUMENT TYPES THESAURUS Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Instrument Keywords
  • THERMISTORS
Place keywords NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
  • OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > CENTRAL PACIFIC OCEAN > HAWAIIAN ISLANDS
  • OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN
  • OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > SOUTH PACIFIC OCEAN
Project keywords NODC PROJECT NAMES THESAURUS Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Project Keywords
  • ENRR > NOAA El Nino Rapid Response Field Campaign
Keywords NCEI ACCESSION NUMBER
Use Constraints
  • Cite as: Cox, Christopher J.; Hartten, Leslie M. (2017). El Niño Rapid Response (ENRR) Field Campaign: Surface Fluxes from NOAA Ship Ronald H. Brown, 2016-02 to 2016-03 (NCEI Accession 0167875). Version 2.2. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. doi:10.7289/V58050VP [access date]
Access Constraints
  • NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
Fees
  • Digital data may be downloaded from NCEI at no charge in most cases. For custom orders of digital data or to obtain a copy of analog materials, please contact NCEI Information Services for information about current fees.
Lineage information for: dataset
Processing Steps
  • 2017-12-19T20:48:06 - NCEI Accession 0167875 v1.1 was published.
  • 2018-06-22T09:49:18 - NCEI Accession 0167875 was revised and v2.2 was published.
    Rationale: Updates were received for this data set. These updates were copied into the data/0-data/ directory of this accession. These updates may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. This version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession.
Output Datasets
Lineage information for: dataset
Processing Steps
  • Data Type: cloud_area_fraction (measured); Units: dimensionless; Observation Type: in situ; Sampling Instrument: human eye; Sampling and Analyzing Method: The "cloud_area_fraction" was reported once per hour by surface observers. Those values were linearly interpolated to the one-minute resolution of the observed surface data before being used to estimate longwave radiation. The one-minute values were averaged to one-hour resolution for this data set.; Data Quality Information:
  • Data Type: downwelling_longwave_flux_in_air_assuming_clear_sky (calculated); Units: W/m^2; Observation Type: model output; Sampling Instrument: Not applicable; Sampling and Analyzing Method: Calculated by the RRTMv3.3 algorithm, described in Mlawer et al. (1997, 10.1029/97JD00237), from atmospheric soundings collected during the cruise and profiles of the 7 most significant radiatively active gases: H2O, CO2, O3, N2O, CO, CH4 and O2. H2O came from the same radiosonde profile as the temperature. Surface CO2 was set to 398.4 ppm and distributed using a constant mixing ratio at all heights. Other gas profiles were taken from the US Standard Atmosphere tropical profile. The reported value is referenced to 3.8 m ASL.; Data Quality Information:
  • Data Type: downwelling_longwave_flux_in_air (calculated); Units: W/m^2; Observation Type: model output; Sampling Instrument: Not applicable; Sampling and Analyzing Method: Calculated from "downwelling_longwave_flux_in_air_assuming_clear_sky" and an estimate of the longwave cloud radiative effect with a hypothetical optically thick cloud at 1 km ASL that was scaled by cloud_area_fraction. We used RRTMv3.3 coupled with the DISORT algorithm, described in Stamnes et al. (1988, doi:10.1364/AO.27.002502), and considered absorption but not scattering. The reported value is referenced to 3.8 m ASL.; Data Quality Information:
  • Data Type: surface_upwelling_longwave_flux_in_air (calculated); Units: W/m^2; Observation Type: model output; Sampling Instrument: Not applicable; Sampling and Analyzing Method: Calculated by the "coare35vnWarm" version of the COARE flux algorithm, described in Edson et al. (2013, doi:10.1175/jpo-d-12-0173.1), assuming a surface emissivity of 0.97. The following measured quantities were used as input to coare35vnWarm: time, pressure, air temperature, wind, bulk ocean temperature, and solar radiation. Estimated longwave radiation was also used as input. The input winds were valid at the height of the radiosonde ground station, zu = 3.8 m ASL. We had a bulk ocean temperature rather than a true ocean skin temperature, so coare35vnWarm did a cool-skin calculation to get SST.; Data Quality Information:
  • Data Type: downwelling_shortwave_flux_in_air (measured); Units: W/m^2; Observation Type: in situ; Sampling Instrument: IMET Eppley PSP; Sampling and Analyzing Method: Downwelling shortwave radiation was measured at 11.2 m ASL, logged at 1 Hz, and averaged to 1 minute, then averaged to 1 hour for input to coare35vnWarm.; Data Quality Information:
  • Data Type: surface_upwelling_shortwave_flux_in_air (calculated); Units: W/m^2; Observation Type: model output; Sampling Instrument: Not applicable; Sampling and Analyzing Method: Calculated by the "coare35vnWarm" version of the COARE flux algorithm, described in Edson et al. (2013, doi:10.1175/jpo-d-12-0173.1), assuming a surface albedo of 0.945. The following measured quantities were used as input to coare35vnWarm: time, pressure, air temperature, wind, bulk ocean temperature, and solar radiation. Estimated longwave radiation was also used as input. The input winds were valid at the height of the radiosonde ground station, zu = 3.8 m ASL. We had a bulk ocean temperature rather than a true ocean skin temperature, so coare35vnWarm did a cool-skin calculation to get SST.; Data Quality Information:
  • Data Type: surface_upward_latent_heat_flux (calculated); Units: W/m^2; Observation Type: model output; Sampling Instrument: Not applicable; Sampling and Analyzing Method: The bulk latent heat flux out of the ocean was calculated by the "coare35vnWarm" version of the COARE flux algorithm, described in Edson et al. (2013, doi:10.1175/jpo-d-12-0173.1). The following measured quantities were used as input to coare35vnWarm: time, pressure, air temperature, wind, bulk ocean temperature, and solar radiation. Estimated longwave radiation was also used as input. The input winds were valid at the height of the radiosonde ground station, zu = 3.8 m ASL. We had a bulk ocean temperature rather than a true ocean skin temperature, so coare35vnWarm did a cool-skin calculation to get SST.; Data Quality Information:
  • Data Type: surface_upward_sensible_heat_flux (calculated); Units: W/m^2; Observation Type: model output; Sampling Instrument: Not applicable; Sampling and Analyzing Method: The bulk sensible heat flux out of the ocean was calculated by the "coare35vnWarm" version of the COARE flux algorithm, described in Edson et al. (2013, doi:10.1175/jpo-d-12-0173.1). The following measured quantities were used as input to coare35vnWarm: time, pressure, air temperature, wind, bulk ocean temperature, and solar radiation. Estimated longwave radiation was also used as input. The input winds were valid at the height of the radiosonde ground station, zu = 3.8 m ASL. We had a bulk ocean temperature rather than a true ocean skin temperature, so coare35vnWarm did a cool-skin calculation to get SST.; Data Quality Information:
  • Data Type: Bulk buoyancy flux into ocean (calculated); Units: m^2/s^3; Observation Type: model output; Sampling Instrument: Not applicable; Sampling and Analyzing Method: The bulk buoyancy flux into the ocean was calculated by the "coare35vnWarm" version of the COARE flux algorithm, described in Edson et al. (2013, doi:10.1175/jpo-d-12-0173.1). The following measured quantities were used as input to coare35vnWarm: time, pressure, air temperature, wind, bulk ocean temperature, and solar radiation. Estimated longwave radiation was also used as input. The input winds were valid at the height of the radiosonde ground station, zu = 3.8 m ASL. We had a bulk ocean temperature rather than a true ocean skin temperature, so coare35vnWarm did a cool-skin calculation to get SST.; Data Quality Information:
  • Data Type: Friction velocity (calculated); Units: m/s; Observation Type: model output; Sampling Instrument: Not applicable; Sampling and Analyzing Method: The friction velocity, u*, which includes gustiness, was calculated by the "coare35vnWarm" version of the COARE flux algorithm, described in Edson et al. (2013, doi:10.1175/jpo-d-12-0173.1). The following measured quantities were used as input to coare35vnWarm: time, pressure, air temperature, wind, bulk ocean temperature, and solar radiation. Estimated longwave radiation was also used as input. The input winds were valid at the height of the radiosonde ground station, zu = 3.8 m ASL. We had a bulk ocean temperature rather than a true ocean skin temperature, so coare35vnWarm did a cool-skin calculation to get SST.; Data Quality Information:
  • Data Type: Wind stress (calculated); Units: N/m^2; Observation Type: model output; Sampling Instrument: Not applicable; Sampling and Analyzing Method: The wind stress, tau, was calculated by the "coare35vnWarm" version of the COARE flux algorithm, described in Edson et al. (2013, doi:10.1175/jpo-d-12-0173.1). The following measured quantities were used as input to coare35vnWarm: time, pressure, air temperature, wind, bulk ocean temperature, and solar radiation. Estimated longwave radiation was also used as input. The input winds were valid at the height of the radiosonde ground station, zu = 3.8 m ASL. We had a bulk ocean temperature rather than a true ocean skin temperature, so coare35vnWarm did a cool-skin calculation to get SST.; Data Quality Information:
  • Data Type: Temperature scaling parameter (calculated); Units: K; Observation Type: model output; Sampling Instrument: Not applicable; Sampling and Analyzing Method: The temperature scaling parameter, t*, was calculated by the "coare35vnWarm" version of the COARE flux algorithm, described in Edson et al. (2013, doi:10.1175/jpo-d-12-0173.1). The following measured quantities were used as input to coare35vnWarm: time, pressure, air temperature, wind, bulk ocean temperature, and solar radiation. Estimated longwave radiation was also used as input. The input winds were valid at the height of the radiosonde ground station, zu = 3.8 m ASL. We had a bulk ocean temperature rather than a true ocean skin temperature, so coare35vnWarm did a cool-skin calculation to get SST.; Data Quality Information:
  • Data Type: Specific humidity scaling parameter (calculated); Units: g/kg^2; Observation Type: model output; Sampling Instrument: Not applicable; Sampling and Analyzing Method: The specific humidity scaling parameter, q*, was calculated by the "coare35vnWarm" version of the COARE flux algorithm, described in Edson et al. (2013, doi:10.1175/jpo-d-12-0173.1). The following measured quantities were used as input to coare35vnWarm: time, pressure, air temperature, wind, bulk ocean temperature, and solar radiation. Estimated longwave radiation was also used as input. The input winds were valid at the height of the radiosonde ground station, zu = 3.8 m ASL. We had a bulk ocean temperature rather than a true ocean skin temperature, so coare35vnWarm did a cool-skin calculation to get SST.; Data Quality Information:
  • Data Type: Thermal roughness length (calculated); Units: m; Observation Type: model output; Sampling Instrument: Not applicable; Sampling and Analyzing Method: The thermal roughness length, z0t, was calculated by the "coare35vnWarm" version of the COARE flux algorithm, described in Edson et al. (2013, doi:10.1175/jpo-d-12-0173.1). The following measured quantities were used as input to coare35vnWarm: time, pressure, air temperature, wind, bulk ocean temperature, and solar radiation. Estimated longwave radiation was also used as input. The input winds were valid at the height of the radiosonde ground station, zu = 3.8 m ASL. We had a bulk ocean temperature rather than a true ocean skin temperature, so coare35vnWarm did a cool-skin calculation to get SST.; Data Quality Information:
  • Data Type: Moisture roughness length (calculated); Units: m; Observation Type: model output; Sampling Instrument: Not applicable; Sampling and Analyzing Method: The moisture roughness length, z0q, was calculated by the "coare35vnWarm" version of the COARE flux algorithm, described in Edson et al. (2013, doi:10.1175/jpo-d-12-0173.1). The following measured quantities were used as input to coare35vnWarm: time, pressure, air temperature, wind, bulk ocean temperature, and solar radiation. Estimated longwave radiation was also used as input. The input winds were valid at the height of the radiosonde ground station, zu = 3.8 m ASL. We had a bulk ocean temperature rather than a true ocean skin temperature, so coare35vnWarm did a cool-skin calculation to get SST.; Data Quality Information:
  • Data Type: Wind stress transfer coefficient at height=zu (calculated); Units: dimensionless; Observation Type: model output; Sampling Instrument: Not applicable; Sampling and Analyzing Method: The drag coefficient, Cd, is valid at the height of the radiosonde ground station, zu = 3.8 m ASL. It was calculated by the "coare35vnWarm" version of the COARE flux algorithm, described in Edson et al. (2013, doi:10.1175/jpo-d-12-0173.1). The following measured quantities were used as input to coare35vnWarm: time, pressure, air temperature, wind, bulk ocean temperature, and solar radiation. Estimated longwave radiation was also used as input. The input winds were valid at the height of the radiosonde ground station, zu = 3.8 m ASL. We had a bulk ocean temperature rather than a true ocean skin temperature, so coare35vnWarm did a cool-skin calculation to get SST.; Data Quality Information:
  • Data Type: Sensible heat transfer coefficient at height=zu (calculated); Units: dimensionless; Observation Type: model output; Sampling Instrument: Not applicable; Sampling and Analyzing Method: The sensible heat transfer coefficient (Stanton number), Ch, is valid at the height of the radiosonde ground station, zu = 3.8 m ASL. It was calculated by the "coare35vnWarm" version of the COARE flux algorithm, described in Edson et al. (2013, doi:10.1175/jpo-d-12-0173.1). The following measured quantities were used as input to coare35vnWarm: time, pressure, air temperature, wind, bulk ocean temperature, and solar radiation. Estimated longwave radiation was also used as input. The input winds were valid at the height of the radiosonde ground station, zu = 3.8 m ASL. We had a bulk ocean temperature rather than a true ocean skin temperature, so coare35vnWarm did a cool-skin calculation to get SST.; Data Quality Information:
  • Data Type: Latent heat transfer coefficient at height=zu (calculated); Units: dimensionless; Observation Type: model output; Sampling Instrument: Not applicable; Sampling and Analyzing Method: The latent heat transfer coefficient (Dalton number), Ce, is valid at the height of the radiosonde ground station, zu = 3.8 m ASL. It was calculated by the "coare35vnWarm" version of the COARE flux algorithm, described in Edson et al. (2013, doi:10.1175/jpo-d-12-0173.1). The following measured quantities were used as input to coare35vnWarm: time, pressure, air temperature, wind, bulk ocean temperature, and solar radiation. Estimated longwave radiation was also used as input. The input winds were valid at the height of the radiosonde ground station, zu = 3.8 m ASL. We had a bulk ocean temperature rather than a true ocean skin temperature, so coare35vnWarm did a cool-skin calculation to get SST.; Data Quality Information:
  • Data Type: Obukhov length scale (calculated); Units: m; Observation Type: model output; Sampling Instrument: Not applicable; Sampling and Analyzing Method: The Obukhov length scale, L, was calculated by the "coare35vnWarm" version of the COARE flux algorithm, described in Edson et al. (2013, doi:10.1175/jpo-d-12-0173.1). The following measured quantities were used as input to coare35vnWarm: time, pressure, air temperature, wind, bulk ocean temperature, and solar radiation. Estimated longwave radiation was also used as input. The input winds were valid at the height of the radiosonde ground station, zu = 3.8 m ASL. We had a bulk ocean temperature rather than a true ocean skin temperature, so coare35vnWarm did a cool-skin calculation to get SST.; Data Quality Information:
  • Data Type: Monin-Obukhov stability parameter (calculated); Units: dimensionless; Observation Type: model output; Sampling Instrument: Not applicable; Sampling and Analyzing Method: The Monin-Obukhov stability parameter, zu/L, was calculated by the "coare35vnWarm" version of the COARE flux algorithm, described in Edson et al. (2013, doi:10.1175/jpo-d-12-0173.1). The following measured quantities were used as input to coare35vnWarm: time, pressure, air temperature, wind, bulk ocean temperature, and solar radiation. Estimated longwave radiation was also used as input. The input winds were valid at the height of the radiosonde ground station, zu = 3.8 m ASL. We had a bulk ocean temperature rather than a true ocean skin temperature, so coare35vnWarm did a cool-skin calculation to get SST.; Data Quality Information:
  • Data Type: wind_speed at height=10m (calculated); Units: m/s; Observation Type: model output; Sampling Instrument: Not applicable; Sampling and Analyzing Method: The wind speed at height=10m, U10, was calculated by the "coare35vnWarm" version of the COARE flux algorithm, described in Edson et al. (2013, doi:10.1175/jpo-d-12-0173.1). The following measured quantities were used as input to coare35vnWarm: time, pressure, air temperature, wind, bulk ocean temperature, and solar radiation. Estimated longwave radiation was also used as input. The input winds were valid at the height of the radiosonde ground station, zu = 3.8 m ASL. We had a bulk ocean temperature rather than a true ocean skin temperature, so coare35vnWarm did a cool-skin calculation to get SST.; Data Quality Information:
  • Data Type: air_temperature at height=10m (calculated); Units: C; Observation Type: model output; Sampling Instrument: Not applicable; Sampling and Analyzing Method: The air temperature at height=10m, T10, was calculated by the "coare35vnWarm" version of the COARE flux algorithm, described in Edson et al. (2013, doi:10.1175/jpo-d-12-0173.1). The following measured quantities were used as input to coare35vnWarm: time, pressure, air temperature, wind, bulk ocean temperature, and solar radiation. Estimated longwave radiation was also used as input. The input winds were valid at the height of the radiosonde ground station, zu = 3.8 m ASL. We had a bulk ocean temperature rather than a true ocean skin temperature, so coare35vnWarm did a cool-skin calculation to get SST.; Data Quality Information:
  • Data Type: specific_humidity at height=10m (calculated); Units: g/kg; Observation Type: model output; Sampling Instrument: Not applicable; Sampling and Analyzing Method: The specific_humidity at height=10m, Q10, was calculated by the "coare35vnWarm" version of the COARE flux algorithm, described in Edson et al. (2013, doi:10.1175/jpo-d-12-0173.1). The following measured quantities were used as input to coare35vnWarm: time, pressure, air temperature, wind, bulk ocean temperature, and solar radiation. Estimated longwave radiation was also used as input. The input winds were valid at the height of the radiosonde ground station, zu = 3.8 m ASL. We had a bulk ocean temperature rather than a true ocean skin temperature, so coare35vnWarm did a cool-skin calculation to get SST.; Data Quality Information:
  • Data Type: relative_humidity at height=10m (calculated); Units: %; Observation Type: model output; Sampling Instrument: Not applicable; Sampling and Analyzing Method: The relative_humidity at height=10m, RH10, was calculated by the "coare35vnWarm" version of the COARE flux algorithm, described in Edson et al. (2013, doi:10.1175/jpo-d-12-0173.1). The following measured quantities were used as input to coare35vnWarm: time, pressure, air temperature, wind, bulk ocean temperature, and solar radiation. Estimated longwave radiation was also used as input. The input winds were valid at the height of the radiosonde ground station, zu = 3.8 m ASL. We had a bulk ocean temperature rather than a true ocean skin temperature, so coare35vnWarm did a cool-skin calculation to get SST.; Data Quality Information:
  • Data Type: Neutral value of wind speed at height=zu (calculated); Units: m/s; Observation Type: model output; Sampling Instrument: Not applicable; Sampling and Analyzing Method: The wind speed at height=zu valid under conditions of neutral static stability, UN, was calculated by the "coare35vnWarm" version of the COARE flux algorithm, described in Edson et al. (2013, doi:10.1175/jpo-d-12-0173.1). The following measured quantities were used as input to coare35vnWarm: time, pressure, air temperature, wind, bulk ocean temperature, and solar radiation. Estimated longwave radiation was also used as input. The input winds were valid at the height of the radiosonde ground station, zu = 3.8 m ASL. We had a bulk ocean temperature rather than a true ocean skin temperature, so coare35vnWarm did a cool-skin calculation to get SST.; Data Quality Information:
  • Data Type: Neutral value of wind speed at height=10m (calculated); Units: m/s; Observation Type: model output; Sampling Instrument: Not applicable; Sampling and Analyzing Method: The wind speed at height=10m valid under conditions of neutral static stability, UN10, was calculated by the "coare35vnWarm" version of the COARE flux algorithm, described in Edson et al. (2013, doi:10.1175/jpo-d-12-0173.1). The following measured quantities were used as input to coare35vnWarm: time, pressure, air temperature, wind, bulk ocean temperature, and solar radiation. Estimated longwave radiation was also used as input. The input winds were valid at the height of the radiosonde ground station, zu = 3.8 m ASL. We had a bulk ocean temperature rather than a true ocean skin temperature, so coare35vnWarm did a cool-skin calculation to get SST.; Data Quality Information:
  • Data Type: Neutral value of drag coefficient at height=10m (calculated); Units: dimensionless; Observation Type: model output; Sampling Instrument: Not applicable; Sampling and Analyzing Method: The drag coefficient at height=10m valid under conditions of neutral static stability, CdN_10, was calculated by the "coare35vnWarm" version of the COARE flux algorithm, described in Edson et al. (2013, doi:10.1175/jpo-d-12-0173.1). The following measured quantities were used as input to coare35vnWarm: time, pressure, air temperature, wind, bulk ocean temperature, and solar radiation. Estimated longwave radiation was also used as input. The input winds were valid at the height of the radiosonde ground station, zu = 3.8 m ASL. We had a bulk ocean temperature rather than a true ocean skin temperature, so coare35vnWarm did a cool-skin calculation to get SST.; Data Quality Information:
  • Data Type: Neutral value of Stanton number at height=10m (calculated); Units: dimensionless; Observation Type: model output; Sampling Instrument: Not applicable; Sampling and Analyzing Method: The Stanton number at height=10m valid under conditions of neutral static stability, ChN_10, was calculated by the "coare35vnWarm" version of the COARE flux algorithm, described in Edson et al. (2013, doi:10.1175/jpo-d-12-0173.1). The following measured quantities were used as input to coare35vnWarm: time, pressure, air temperature, wind, bulk ocean temperature, and solar radiation. Estimated longwave radiation was also used as input. The input winds were valid at the height of the radiosonde ground station, zu = 3.8 m ASL. We had a bulk ocean temperature rather than a true ocean skin temperature, so coare35vnWarm did a cool-skin calculation to get SST.; Data Quality Information:
  • Data Type: Neutral value of Dalton number at height=10m (calculated); Units: dimensionless; Observation Type: model output; Sampling Instrument: Not applicable; Sampling and Analyzing Method: The Dalton number at height=10m valid under conditions of neutral static stability, CeN_10, was calculated by the "coare35vnWarm" version of the COARE flux algorithm, described in Edson et al. (2013, doi:10.1175/jpo-d-12-0173.1). The following measured quantities were used as input to coare35vnWarm: time, pressure, air temperature, wind, bulk ocean temperature, and solar radiation. Estimated longwave radiation was also used as input. The input winds were valid at the height of the radiosonde ground station, zu = 3.8 m ASL. We had a bulk ocean temperature rather than a true ocean skin temperature, so coare35vnWarm did a cool-skin calculation to get SST.; Data Quality Information:
  • Data Type: sea_surface_temperature (calculated); Units: C; Observation Type: model output; Sampling Instrument: Not applicable; Sampling and Analyzing Method: The SST was calculated by the "coare35vnWarm" version of the COARE flux algorithm, described in Edson et al. (2013, doi:10.1175/jpo-d-12-0173.1). The following measured quantities were used as input to coare35vnWarm: time, pressure, air temperature, wind, bulk ocean temperature, and solar radiation. Estimated longwave radiation was also used as input. The input winds were valid at the height of the radiosonde ground station, zu = 3.8 m ASL. We had a bulk ocean temperature rather than a true ocean skin temperature, so coare35vnWarm did a cool-skin calculation to get SST.; Data Quality Information:
  • Data Type: Cool-skin temperature depression (calculated); Units: C; Observation Type: model output; Sampling Instrument: Not applicable; Sampling and Analyzing Method: The cool-skin temperature depression, dter, was calculated by the "coare35vnWarm" version of the COARE flux algorithm, described in Edson et al. (2013, doi:10.1175/jpo-d-12-0173.1). The following measured quantities were used as input to coare35vnWarm: time, pressure, air temperature, wind, bulk ocean temperature, and solar radiation. Estimated longwave radiation was also used as input. The input winds were valid at the height of the radiosonde ground station, zu = 3.8 m ASL. We had a bulk ocean temperature rather than a true ocean skin temperature, so coare35vnWarm did a cool-skin calculation to get SST.; Data Quality Information:
  • Data Type: Surface saturation specific humidity (calculated); Units: g/kg; Observation Type: model output; Sampling Instrument: Not applicable; Sampling and Analyzing Method: The surface saturation specific humidity, Qs, was calculated by the "coare35vnWarm" version of the COARE flux algorithm, described in Edson et al. (2013, doi:10.1175/jpo-d-12-0173.1). The following measured quantities were used as input to coare35vnWarm: time, pressure, air temperature, wind, bulk ocean temperature, and solar radiation. Estimated longwave radiation was also used as input. The input winds were valid at the height of the radiosonde ground station, zu = 3.8 m ASL. We had a bulk ocean temperature rather than a true ocean skin temperature, so coare35vnWarm did a cool-skin calculation to get SST.; Data Quality Information:
  • Data Type: Latent heat of vaporization (calculated); Units: J/kg; Observation Type: model output; Sampling Instrument: Not applicable; Sampling and Analyzing Method: The latent heat of vaporization, Le, was calculated by the "coare35vnWarm" version of the COARE flux algorithm, described in Edson et al. (2013, doi:10.1175/jpo-d-12-0173.1). The following measured quantities were used as input to coare35vnWarm: time, pressure, air temperature, wind, bulk ocean temperature, and solar radiation. Estimated longwave radiation was also used as input. The input winds were valid at the height of the radiosonde ground station, zu = 3.8 m ASL. We had a bulk ocean temperature rather than a true ocean skin temperature, so coare35vnWarm did a cool-skin calculation to get SST.; Data Quality Information:
  • Data Type: Evaporation rate (calculated); Units: mm/hour; Observation Type: model output; Sampling Instrument: Not applicable; Sampling and Analyzing Method: The evaporation rate, Evap, was calculated by the "coare35vnWarm" version of the COARE flux algorithm, described in Edson et al. (2013, doi:10.1175/jpo-d-12-0173.1). The following measured quantities were used as input to coare35vnWarm: time, pressure, air temperature, wind, bulk ocean temperature, and solar radiation. Estimated longwave radiation was also used as input. The input winds were valid at the height of the radiosonde ground station, zu = 3.8 m ASL. We had a bulk ocean temperature rather than a true ocean skin temperature, so coare35vnWarm did a cool-skin calculation to get SST.; Data Quality Information:
Acquisition Information (collection)
Instrument
  • meteorological sensors
  • thermistor
Platform
  • RONALD H. BROWN
Last Modified: 2018-11-01T15:23:53
For questions about the information on this page, please email: NODC.DataOfficer@noaa.gov