Belt transect surveys of coral populations and disease assessments in Hawaii, Maui, and Oahu from 2010-03-08 to 2011-11-08 (NCEI Accession 0168912)


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            title:  Belt transect surveys of coral populations and disease assessments in Hawaii, Maui, and Oahu from 2010-03-08 to 2011-11-08 (NCEI Accession 0168912)
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        abstract:  Coral belt transect surveys, focused at quantifying the relative abundance, density, and size-class distribution of the anthozoan and hydrozoan corals, as well as the condition and health state of the coral populations were conducted around the islands of Maui, Hawaii, and Oahu by the NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Program and the Hawaii Division of Aquatic Resources (DAR) from March 8, 2010 to November 8, 2011. The surveys were conducted along two pre-selected transect lines. For coral observations the transect length was 12 m long and the transect width was 1 m wide (0.5 m on each side of the transect line). For coral condition and health observations, the transect length was between 12.5 and 25 m long and the transect width was 1 m, 2 m or 4 m wide (0.5 m, 1.0 m, or 2.0 m on each side of the transect line). The surveyed area was 24 m^2 per site for the coral observations, and ranged from to 25 m^2 to 200 m^2 per site for the disease observations. Within each transect 1-m segments were surveyed, whereby in each segment all coral colonies whose center fell within 0.5 m of either side of the transect line were identified to the lowest taxonomic level possible (genus or species) and colony size visually estimated and binned by its maximum diameter in one of 7 size classes: 0-5 cm, 5-10 cm, 10-20 cm, 20-40 cm, 40-80 cm, 80-160 cm, or greater than 160 cm. When a coral colony exhibited signs of disease or compromised health, additional information was separately recorded. Within each of the two transects, all diseased coral colonies whose center fell within 0.5–2 m on each side of each transect line were carefully examined, measured (length and width of the colony in centimeters, when survey time allowed), identified to the lowest taxonomic level possible, and assigned to one of several types of afflictions, including coral and algal diseases, bleaching, infections, infestations, discolorations, predation, pigmentation responses, skeletal growth anomalies, and tissue loss. Severity of the affliction (mild, moderate, marked, severe, acute) was also recorded for a subset of bleaching observations only. Photographic documentation was also captured (archived and documented separately). Raw survey data includes species presence, colony counts per taxon, colony size (binned sizes for coral observations, colony width and length for a subset of disease observations), affliction observed, and severity of condition (for observations of bleached corals only).
        purpose:  Expanded field surveys to advance the understanding of the occurrence, abundance, and outbreaks of coral bleaching and disease in the Hawaiian Archipelago.
        credit:  Related Funding Agency: US DOC; NOAA; NOS; Coral Reef Conservation Program
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            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Coral biodiversity
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment > Rapid Assessment Studies
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs > Coral Reef Ecology
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs > Coral Reef Ecology > Coral Cover
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
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                title:  CoRIS Theme Thesaurus
                date: (inapplicable)
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > ECOSYSTEMS > MARINE ECOSYSTEMS > BENTHIC
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > ECOSYSTEMS > MARINE ECOSYSTEMS > REEF > CORAL REEF
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > CORAL REEFS > CORAL BLEACHING
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > SOLID EARTH > GEOMORPHIC LANDFORMS/PROCESSES > COASTAL LANDFORMS > CORAL REEFS
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2018-03-15
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                edition:  8.6
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Global Change Data Center, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
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                            linkage: https://earthdata.nasa.gov/about/gcmd/global-change-master-directory-gcmd-keywords
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                            name:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Keywords
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
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            keyword:  CRCP
            keyword:  Marine Ecosystem
            keyword:  Reef Assessment and Monitoring
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
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                date: (inapplicable)
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            keyword:  VISUAL OBSERVATIONS
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) instrument
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                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Instrument Keywords
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                    date:  2018-03-15
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                    organisationName:  Global Change Data Center, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
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                            linkage: https://earthdata.nasa.gov/about/gcmd/global-change-master-directory-gcmd-keywords
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            name:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Keywords
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
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            keyword:  COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Hawaii > Hawaii Island (19N155W0003)
            keyword:  COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Oahu (21N157W0003)
            keyword:  COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Maui > Maui Island (20N156W0004)
            keyword:  COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaiian Islands (21N157W0027)
            keyword:  OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands (21N157W0027)
            keyword:  OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Hawaii Island > Hawaii Island (19N155W0003)
            keyword:  OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Maui Island > Maui Island (20N156W0004)
            keyword:  OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Oahu Island > Oahu (21N157W0003)
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                title:  CoRIS Place Thesaurus
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            keyword:  OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > CENTRAL PACIFIC OCEAN > HAWAIIAN ISLANDS
            keyword:  OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) place
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                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
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                    date:  2018-03-15
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                            linkage: https://earthdata.nasa.gov/about/gcmd/global-change-master-directory-gcmd-keywords
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            name:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Keywords
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian
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            keyword:  MHI
            keyword:  Main Hawaiian Islands
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) place
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Provider Place Names
                date: (inapplicable)
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_Constraints)
            useLimitation:  accessLevel: Public
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            useConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Cite as: Coral Reef Ecosystem Program; Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (2018). Belt transect surveys of coral populations and disease assessments in Hawaii, Maui, and Oahu from 2010-03-08 to 2011-11-08 (NCEI Accession 0168912). [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0168912. Accessed [date].
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            useLimitation:  Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
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            otherConstraints:  Use liability: NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
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            useConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP) Data Sharing Recommendations, version 9.0 updated August 12, 2015: CREP welcomes the opportunity to collaborate on research issues contributing to the scientific basis for better management of marine ecosystems. CREP has a very diverse set of field activities that generates large volumes of data using an array of data collection protocols. The following recommendations are for your consideration as you use this data: 1) Data analyses should take all field exigencies into account. The most effective way to do this would be active collaboration with CREP principal investigators. 2) In all presentations, product releases, or publications using data generated by CREP, proper acknowledgement of both CREP and the individuals responsible for data collection is expected. Citing the DOI (if available) is preferred, a non-DOI example is listed below. 3) If you collect or generate data for the same study areas, CREP requests that you share relevant information on complimentary data collections. 4) Those receiving data are strongly urged to inform the CREP Data Management Team of any errors and discrepancies that are discovered during the course of using these data. They are further urged to bring to the attention of the Team all problems and difficulties encountered in using these data. This information is necessary in order to improve the collections and to facilitate more efficient and economical data processing and retrieval. The users are asked to supply copies of any missing data that may be located, and to provide information as to significant subsets and special aggregations of data that are developed in using the material provided. Example citation: "This publication makes use of data products provided by the Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP), Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), with funding support from the NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP). The analysis and interpretations presented here are solely that of the current authors.”
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                title:  Environmental Monitoring of Coral Bleaching and Disease in the Hawaiian Islands; Belt Surveys of Coral Population and Disease Assessments in Hawaii, Maui, and Oahu from 2010 to 2011
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2018
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                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://inport.nmfs.noaa.gov/inport/item/25285
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            name:  Environmental Monitoring of Coral Bleaching and Disease in the Hawaiian Islands; Belt Surveys of Coral Population and Disease Assessments in Hawaii, Maui, and Oahu from 2010 to 2011
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                westBoundLongitude:  -157.826
                eastBoundLongitude:  -155.849
                southBoundLatitude:  19.3692
                northBoundLatitude:  21.4769
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                  TimePeriod:
                    beginPosition:  2010-03-08
                    endPosition:  2011-11-08
        supplementalInformation:  Submission Package ID: M8TW41 The field data described herein are part of a joint NESDIS-NMFS-State of Hawaii Division of Aquatic Resources project aimed at advancing the understanding of the occurrence, abundance, and outbreak of coral bleaching and disease in the Hawaiian Archipelago through expanded field surveys and in-situ and remotely-sensed temperature data. To this end, Line-Point-Intercept (LPI), belt-transect surveys of coral population, and diseases quantitative assessments were conducted on Maui, Oahu, and Hawaii in the Main Hawaiian Islands by the Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED) at the NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) and partners.
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                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/1730 DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
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                        voice:  301-713-3277
                        facsimile:  301-713-3300
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  Federal Building 151 Patton Avenue
                        city:  Asheville
                        administrativeArea:  NC
                        postalCode:  28801-5001
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
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                fees:  In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free. However, fees may apply for custom orders, data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
                orderingInstructions:  Contact NCEI for other distribution options and instructions.
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                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0168912
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                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/oas/168912
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                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/download/168912
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                    description:  These data are available through the File Transfer Protocol (FTP). You may use any FTP client to download these data.
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                description:  NCEI Accession 0168912 v1.1 was published.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2018-02-16T02:14:23Z
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                    sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  NCEI Accession 0168912 v1.1
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                                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0168912/1.1
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                                    name:  NCEI Accession 0168912 v1.1
                                    description:  NCEI Accession 0168912 v1.1
                                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
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                description:  Parameter or Variable: CORAL (measured); Units: unitless; Observation Category: in situ; Sampling Instrument: swimmer/diver.
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                description:  Parameter or Variable: CORAL - CENSUS (measured); Units: count; Observation Category: in situ; Sampling Instrument: swimmer/diver.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: CORAL - COLONY SIZE (measured); Units: cm; Observation Category: in situ; Sampling Instrument: swimmer/diver.
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: CORAL - SPECIES IDENTIFICATION (measured); Units: unitless; Observation Category: in situ; Sampling Instrument: swimmer/diver.
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        maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) asNeeded
        maintenanceNote:  Metadata are developed, maintained and distributed by NCEI. Updates are performed as needed to maintain currentness.
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            organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian
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