Sea surface temperature and salinity collected aboard the S.A. AGULHAS II and S.A. AGULHAS in the South Atlantic Ocean and Southern Ocean from 2010-12-08 to 2017-02-02 (NCEI Accession 0170743)


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            title:  Sea surface temperature and salinity collected aboard the S.A. AGULHAS II and S.A. AGULHAS in the South Atlantic Ocean and Southern Ocean from 2010-12-08 to 2017-02-02 (NCEI Accession 0170743)
            date:  (CI_Date)
                date:  2018-03-14
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                date:  2018-08-29
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                  Anchor:  DOI 10.7289/v56m3545
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                  Anchor:  NCEI Accession Number 0170743
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                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/1730 NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
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                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/person/details/5126 Giuseppe Aulicino
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                individualName:  Ansorge, Isabelle
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                individualName:  van den Berg, Marcel
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                individualName:  Aulicino, Giuseppe
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                individualName:  Aulicino, Giuseppe
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        abstract:  This accession contains sea surface temperature and salinity data collected from 2010 to 2017 in the South Atlantic Ocean and Southern Ocean from S.A. Agulhas and Agulhas-II research vessels, in the framework of South African National Antarctic Programme (SANAP), South African Department of Environmental Affairs (DEA) and Italian National Antarctic Research Programme (PNRA) scientific activities. Measurements have been obtained through termosalinograph (TSG) during several cruises to both Antarctica and sub-Antarctic islands. On-board TSG devices have been regularly calibrated and continuously monitored in-between cruises; no appreciable sensor drift emerged. Independent water samples taken along the cruises have been used to validate the data; salinity measurement error was a few hundredths of a unit on the practical salinity scale. A careful quality control allowed to discard bad data for each single campaign. Furthermore, a seaice flag has been included in the dataset for identifying valid data which could have been slightly affected by sea ice contamination.
        purpose:  This dataset is available to the public for a wide variety of uses including scientific research and analysis.
        credit:  Related Funding Agency: Department of Environmental Affairs, South Africa
        credit:  Related Funding Agency: Italian National Antarctic Research Program
        credit:  Related Funding Agency: South African National Antarctic Programme
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            otherConstraints:  Cite as: Aulicino, Giuseppe; Cotroneo, Yuri; Ansorge, Isabelle; van den Berg, Marcel (2018). Sea surface temperature and salinity collected aboard the S.A. AGULHAS II and S.A. AGULHAS in the South Atlantic Ocean and Southern Ocean from 2010-12-08 to 2017-02-02 (NCEI Accession 0170743). [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.7289/v56m3545. Accessed [date].
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                title:  Sea surface salinity and temperature in the southern Atlantic Ocean from South African icebreakers, 2010–2017
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                            linkage: https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-10-1227-2018
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            name:  doi.org/10.5194/essd-10-1227-2018
                            description:  Aulicino, G., Cotroneo, Y., Ansorge, I., van den Berg, M., Cesarano, C., Belmonte Rivas, M., and Olmedo Casal, E.: Sea surface salinity and temperature in the southern Atlantic Ocean from South African icebreakers, 2010–2017, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 10, 1227-1236, https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-10-1227-2018, 2018.
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                    individualName:  Aulicino, G.
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                    individualName:  Cotroneo, Y.
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                    individualName:  Ansorge, I.
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                    individualName:  van den Berg, M.
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) author
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                    individualName:  Cesarano, C.
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) author
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                    individualName:  Belmonte Rivas, M.
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) author
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    individualName:  Olmedo Casal, E.
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) author
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                    name:  Earth Syst. Sci. Data
                    issueIdentification:  10
                otherCitationDetails:  1227-1236
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            initiativeType:  (DS_InitiativeTypeCode) sciencePaper
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          LanguageCode:  eng
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        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) environment
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) oceans
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                extent:
                  TimePeriod:
                    beginPosition:  2010-12-08
                    endPosition:  2017-02-02
        supplementalInformation:  Submission Package ID: 58264W
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        distributor:  (MD_Distributor)
            distributorContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:
                  Anchor:  https://www.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/OAS/prd/institution/details/1730 DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  301-713-3277
                        facsimile:  301-713-3300
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  Federal Building 151 Patton Avenue
                        city:  Asheville
                        administrativeArea:  NC
                        postalCode:  28801-5001
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
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                fees:  In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free. However, fees may apply for custom orders, data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
                orderingInstructions:  Contact NCEI for other distribution options and instructions.
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                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/oas/170743
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                description:  NCEI Accession 0170743 v1.1 was published.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2018-03-14T20:07:28Z
                output:  (LE_Source)
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                        title:  NCEI Accession 0170743 v1.1
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                                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0170743/1.1
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                                    name:  NCEI Accession 0170743 v1.1
                                    description:  NCEI Accession 0170743 v1.1
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                description:  NCEI Accession 0170743 was revised and v2.2 was published.
                rationale:  Updates were received for this data set. These updates were copied into the data/0-data/ directory of this accession. These updates may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. This version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2018-08-29T19:18:23Z
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                        title:  NCEI Accession 0170743 v2.2
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                                    linkage: https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0170743/2.2
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                                    name:  NCEI Accession 0170743 v2.2
                                    description:  NCEI Accession 0170743 v2.2
                                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
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        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
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                description:  Parameter or Variable: CONDUCTIVITY (measured); Units: Siemens/meter; Observation Category: in situ; Sampling Instrument: thermosalinographs; Sampling and Analyzing Method: For each cruise, the full resolution thermo-salinometer dataset has been processed and undersampled with a median filter over 1 minute interval..
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: SALINITY - SURFACE WATER (calculated); Units: psu; Observation Category: in situ; Sampling Instrument: thermosalinographs; Sampling and Analyzing Method: For each cruise, the full resolution thermo-salinometer dataset has been processed and undersampled with a median filter over 1 minute interval.; Data Quality Method: Firstly, an automatic detection of unreliable values was performed using selected thresholds criteria on conductivity, SSS and SST values (QC-1). Then, quality flags (good, suspicious, bad) were attributed to data basing on the detection of insufficient seawater flow (i.e. difference larger than 0.2°C between SST and SSTH while SSS remained nearly constant), the contamination by air bubbles, the presence of sea-ice (QC-2). Finally, a visual inspection of individual campaigns was carried out, with a specific attention to data flagged as suspicious in the QC-2 (QC-3). Validation through comparison with bottle samples..
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: TEMPERATURE - WATER - CONTINUOUS MEASUREMENT [WATER TEMPERATURE] (measured); Units: degrees Celsius; Observation Category: in situ; Sampling Instrument: thermosalinographs; Sampling and Analyzing Method: For each cruise, the full resolution thermo-salinometer dataset has been processed and undersampled with a median filter over 1 minute interval..
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: TEMPERATURE - WATER - CONTINUOUS MEASUREMENT [WATER TEMPERATURE] at HULL (measured); Units: degrees Celsius; Observation Category: in situ; Sampling Instrument: thermometer; Sampling and Analyzing Method: For each cruise, the full resolution thermo-salinometer dataset has been processed and undersampled with a median filter over 1 minute interval..
            processStep:  (LE_ProcessStep)
                description:  Parameter or Variable: Seaice flag (measured); Units: binary: 0 = NO ICE ; 1 = scatter SEA ICE ;; Observation Category: in situ; Sampling Instrument: visual observation / Satellite information; Sampling and Analyzing Method: The sea ice flag indicates data which could have been slightly affected by scatter seaice contamination, as recorded by cruise reports or satellite seaice maps..
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    metadataMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
        maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) asNeeded
        maintenanceNote:  Metadata are developed, maintained and distributed by NCEI. Updates are performed as needed to maintain currentness.
        maintenanceNote:  NCEI Accession 0170743 was revised and a new version of the archival package was published. Updates to existing archival packages may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. The latest version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession. Please see journal.txt in the /about directory for additional details on changes made.
        contact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian
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    acquisitionInformation:  (MI_AcquisitionInformation)
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  thermometer
            type:  thermometer
            description:  generic thermometer or reversing thermometer use thermometer when temperature is a data type, but the exact instrument used to measure temperature is unknown
        instrument:  (MI_Instrument)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  thermosalinographs
            type:  thermosalinographs
            description:  The SBE 45 MicroTSG Thermosalinograph is an externally powered, high-accuracy instrument, designed for shipboard determination of sea surface (pumped-water) conductivity and temperature. Salinity and sound velocity can also be computed. The MicroTSG is constructed of plastic and titanium to ensure long life with minimum maintenance.
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  S. A. AGULHAS
            description:  Updated information from ICES for the vessel S. A. AGULHAS from SOUTH AFRICA. Name : S. A. AGULHAS Flag : SOUTH AFRICA - ZA (ISO Country Code) Call Sign : ZSAF Platform Class : 31 Research vessel IMO : 7628136 Commissioned Date : 1978 Decommissioned Date : 2012-04 Current Length : 111.5 Built : 1978 Notes : Ice-strengthened vessel used for research and to service the South African Antarctic bases. Replaced by S. A. Agulhas II in 2012 and transferred to South African Maritime Safety Authority as a training ship. MMSI 601048000 Additional Information Sources: - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/S._A._Agulhas - http://new.marinetraffic.com/en/ais/details/ships/601048000 General Comments: Decommissioned flag has been set since platform class will change due to purpose change from research vessel to training vessel. From http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/S._A._Agulhas : "In July 2012 the S. A. Agulhas was recommissioned as a training ship operated by the South African Maritime Safety Authority, the ship will continue to provide facilities for scientific research while training up to seventy merchant marine cadets."
            instrument: (missing)
        platform:  (MI_Platform)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  S.A. AGULHAS II
            description:  Updated information from ICES for the vessel S. A. Agulhas II from SOUTH AFRICA. T Name : S. A. Agulhas II Flag : SOUTH AFRICA - ZA (ISO Country Code) Call Sign : ZSNO Platform Class : 31 Research vessel IMO : 9577135 Commissioned Date : 2009-11-17 Current Length : 134.2 Built : 2012-04-03 Notes : Icebreaker owned by the South African Government and used as a research vessel and polar research base supply ship. Additional Information Sources: - http://www.sanap.ac.za/sanap_agulhas2.html - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/S._A._Agulhas_II - http://www.marinetraffic.com/ais/details/ships/601986000 Confirmed by NOAA on 2014-02-03.
            instrument: (missing)