Benthic faunal sampling adjacent to the Sand Island ocean outfall, Oahu, Hawaii, 1986-2010 (NODC Accession 9900088)

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Benthic fauna in the vicinity of the Sand Island ocean outfall were sampled from 1986-2010. To assess the environmental quality, sediment grain size and sediment chemistry were measured. To identify the fauna, mollusk species and non-mollusk species sitings were tabulated. Stations were located both within and on the boundary of the zone of initial dilution (ZID) and at distances of 1.2 to 2 km from the ZID boundary. In summary, the response patterns of benthic fauna near the Sand Island ocean outfall showed little or no indication of a strong influence by the diffuser effluent.

The sampling methodology used in this study generally followed the recommendations of Swartz (1978) and US EPA guidelines(EPA 1987a, 1987b), hereafter refered to as EPA procedures.

A modified 0.16-m2 van Veen grab sampler deployed from a stern-mounted A-frame on the research vessel Noi I Kai was used to obtain bottom samples at all seven stations. Penetration of the sampler was adequate for all replicates. The minimum penetration depth for all grabs was 6 cm and the maximum was 13 cm.

Six van Veen grabs were taken at each station. A subsample 7.6 cm in diameter by 5 cm deep was taken from each grab sample for infaunal analysis and a subsample 4.8 cm in diameter by 5 cm deep for mollusk analysis. Subsampling was necessary because the epifauna and infauna in the area are known to be both small and abundant and processing of the entire sample would be impractical. Replicated grab samples at each station, rather than replicated subsamples from one grab sample, were used to provide information on intrastation variability. All six nonmollusk subcores were processed on a 0.5-mm screen.

Samples for geochemical analyses (total organic carbon (TOC), oxidation-reduction potential (ORP), sediment oil and grease (O&G), total Kjeldahl nitrogen (TKN), and grain size) were obtained from the grabs from which the biological subcores were taken. Each replicate van Veen grab contained more than enough sediment for both purposes (methods HI0020117). Three subsamples 7.6 cm in diameter by 5 cm deep (one from each of three differnt grab samples) were taken from all stations. The top 2 cm of sediment of each subsample were used for geochemical analysis. Samples for TOC and sediment O&G analysis were put in screw-cap jars, placed on ice, and taken to the laboratory for analysis. Sediment analyses of sediment grain size, ORP, TKN, and O&G followed EPA procedures. Analysis of TOC was carried out by Severn Trent Laboritories (Colchester, Vermont), using the modified Lloyd Khan method, which utiliezes an infrafred detector to measure carbon dioxide. Inorganic carbon was removed from the samples by treating them with a 1:1 solution of hydrochloric acid prior to TOC analysis.
  • Cite as: Moncur, James E.T.; University of Hawai'i at Mānoa (2010). Benthic faunal sampling adjacent to the Sand Island ocean outfall, Oahu, Hawaii, 1986-2010 (NODC Accession 9900088). Version 3.3. National Oceanographic Data Center, NOAA. Dataset. [access date]
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Distributor DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
301-713-3277
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DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
301-713-3277
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Time Period 1986-01-01 to 2010-08-30
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates
N: 21.2919
S: 21.2814
E: -157.89
W: -157.929
Spatial Coverage Map
General Documentation
Publication Dates
  • publication: 2010-12-19
  • revision: 2012-04-19
Edition 3.3
Data Presentation Form Digital table - digital representation of facts or figures systematically displayed, especially in columns
Dataset Progress Status Complete - production of the data has been completed
Data Update Frequency As needed
Supplemental Information
REFERENCES:
Brock, R.R., and J.H. Brock. 1977. A method for quantitatively assessing the infaunal community in coral rock. Limnol. Oceanogr. 7:108-118.

Nelson, W.G. 1986. Benthic infaunal sampling in vicinity of the Sand Island Ocean Outfall, Oahu, Hawaii. Spec. Rep 6:20:86, Water Resources Research Center, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, 117 pp.

Kay,E.A. 1980. Micromollusks: Techniques and patterns in benthic marine communities In Environmental Survey Techniques for Coastal Water Converence Proceedings, Water Resources Research Center and Sea Grant, University of Hawaii at Manoa, and Hawaii Water Pollut. Control Assoc., January, Honolulu, pp. 93-112.

Kay,E.A., and R. Kawamoto. 1983. Micromolluscan assemblages in Mamala Bay, Oahu 1974-1982. Tech Rep. No. 158, Water Resources Research Center, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, 73 pp.
Saunders, H., R. Hessler, and G. Hampson. 1965. An introduction to the study of deep-sea benthic faunal assemblages along the Gay Head- Bermuda transect. Deep Sea Res. 12:845-867.

Swartz,R.C. 1978. Techniques for sampling and analyzing the marine benthos. Doc. No. 600/3-789-030, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Corvallis Environmental Research Laboratory, Corvallis, regon.

Swartz,R.C. and J.H.Bailey-Brock, W.J. Cook, E.A.Kay. 1999. Benthic faunal sampling adjacent to Sand Island ocean outfall, Oahu, Hawaii, August 1998. Project Report PR-99-10. Water Resources Research Center, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, 172 pp.

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 1987a. Quality assurance and quality control for 301(h) monitoring programs: Guidance on field and laboratory methods. EPA 430/9-86-004, Office of Marine and Estuarine Protection, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 267 pp.

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 1987b. Recommended biological indices for 301(h) monitoring programs. EPA 430/9-86-002, Office of Marine and Estuarine Protection, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 17 pp.

Technical Reports of WRRC:

Project Report PR-2009-08 Benthic Faunal Sampling Adjacent to the Sand Island Ocean Outfall, O'ahu, Hawai'i, September 2008, William G. Ambrose, Jr., Julie H. Bailey-Brock, William J. Cooke, Regina K. Kawamoto, March 2009, xiv + 255 pp

Project Report PR-2008-09
Benthic Faunal Sampling Adjacent to the Sand Island Ocean Outfall, O'ahu, Hawai'i, August 2007 William G. Ambrose, Jr. Julie H. Bailey-Brock William J. Cooke E. Alison Kay, February 2008, xii + 279 pp.

Project Report PR-2007-06
Benthic Faunal Sampling Adjacent to Sand Island Ocean Outfall, Oahu, Hawaii, August 2006. Swartz, Richard C., Julie H. Bailey-Brock, E. Alison Kay, and Dean Pasko. February 2007. 267 pages.

Project Report PR-2006-05
Benthic Faunal Sampling Adjacent to Sand Island Ocean Outfall, O'ahu, Hawai'i, August 2005, Swartz, R.C., J.H. Bailey-Brock, W.J. Cooke, E.A. Kay, Mar 2006

Project Report PR-2005-07
Benthic Faunal Sampling Adjacent to Sand Island Ocean Outfall, O'ahu, Hawai'i, October 2004, Swartz, R.C., J.H. Bailey-Brock, W.J. Cooke, E.A. Kay, Mar 2003

Project Report PR-2003-04
Benthic Faunal Sampling Adjacent to Sand Island Ocean Outfall, O'ahu, Hawai'i, August 2002, Swartz, R.C., J.H. Bailey-Brock, W.J. Cooke, E.A. Kay, Mar 2003

Project Report PR-2001-08
Benthic faunal sampling adjacent to Sand Island Ocean Outfall, O'ahu, Hawai'i, August 2000, Swartz, Richard C., Julie H. Bailey - Brock, William J. Cooke, and E. Alison Kay, March 2001

Project Report PR-2000-06
Benthic faunal sampling adjacent to the Sand Island Ocean Outfall, Oahu, Hawaii, September-October 1999, Swartz, Richard C., March 2000

Project Report PR-98-08
Benthic faunal sampling adjacent to Sand Island Ocean Outfall, Oahu, Hawaii, August 1997, Swartz, Richard C., March 1998

Project Report PR-97-06
Benthic faunal sampling adjacent to Sand Island Ocean Outfall, Oahu, Hawaii, September 1996, Nelson, Walter G., March 1997

Project Report PR-96-07
Benthic faunal sampling adjacent to Sand Island Ocean Outfall, Oahu, Hawaii, August 1995, Nelson, Walter G., March 1996

Project Report PR-95-09
Benthic faunal sampling adjacent to Sand Island Ocean Outfall, Oahu, Hawaii, August 1994, Nelson, Walter G., February 1995

Project Report PR-94-13
Benthic faunal sampling adjacent to Sand Island Ocean Outfall, Oahu, Hawaii, August 1993, Nelson, Walter G., January 1994
Purpose Assess benthic environmental quality in region of sewer outfall
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Dataset Citation
  • Cite as: Moncur, James E.T.; University of Hawai'i at Mānoa (2010). Benthic faunal sampling adjacent to the Sand Island ocean outfall, Oahu, Hawaii, 1986-2010 (NODC Accession 9900088). Version 3.3. National Oceanographic Data Center, NOAA. Dataset. [access date]
Cited Authors
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Theme keywords NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS WMO_CategoryCode
  • oceanography
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science and Services Keywords
  • EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > ANIMAL SCIENCE > ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY
  • EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > ECOSYSTEMS > MARINE ECOSYSTEMS > BENTHIC
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > MARINE SEDIMENTS
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > MARINE SEDIMENTS > SEDIMENT CHEMISTRY
Originator Theme Keywords
  • -geochemical analyses (total organic carbon (TOC) (%)
  • -oxidation-reduction potential (ORP) (in mV millivolts)
  • -sediment oil and grease (O&G) (mg/kg)
  • benthic fauna
  • biological data
  • chemical data
  • coastal data
  • coral reef
  • geochemical data
  • geology data
  • mollusk species; quantity of each species
  • nonmollusk species; quantity of each species
  • sediment chemistry
  • sediment grain size
Data Center keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NODC > National Oceanographic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
NODC COLLECTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS NODC SUBMITTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS
Platform keywords NODC PLATFORM NAMES THESAURUS
Instrument keywords NODC INSTRUMENT TYPES THESAURUS
Place keywords NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
  • OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN
Originator Place Keywords
  • Hawaii
  • Honolulu
  • Mamala Bay
  • North Pacific
  • Oahu
  • Sand Island Sewage Treatment Plant
Project keywords NODC PROJECT NAMES THESAURUS
Keywords NCEI ACCESSION NUMBER
Use Constraints
  • Cite as: Moncur, James E.T.; University of Hawai'i at Mānoa (2010). Benthic faunal sampling adjacent to the Sand Island ocean outfall, Oahu, Hawaii, 1986-2010 (NODC Accession 9900088). Version 3.3. National Oceanographic Data Center, NOAA. Dataset. [access date]
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  • NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
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Lineage information for: dataset
Processing Steps
  • 2010-12-19T00:41:33 - NCEI Accession 9900088 v1.1 was published.
  • 2011-12-16T12:23:09 - NCEI Accession 9900088 was revised and v2.2 was published.
    Rationale: Updates were received for this data set. These updates were copied into the data/0-data/ directory of this accession. These updates may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. This version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession.
  • 2012-04-19T11:07:14 - NCEI Accession 9900088 was revised and v3.3 was published.
    Rationale: Updates were received for this data set. These updates were copied into the data/0-data/ directory of this accession. These updates may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. This version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession.
Output Datasets
Lineage information for: repository
Processing Steps
  • 2015-04-22T00:00:00 - NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
Acquisition Information (collection)
Instrument
  • sediment sampler - grab
  • visual analysis
Platform
  • NOI I KAI
Last Modified: 2017-02-27T23:20:16
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