Physical and meteorological data from the Tropical Atmosphere Ocean (TAO) array in the tropical Pacific Ocean

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The Tropical Atmosphere Ocean (TAO) Array of 55 moored buoys spans the tropical Pacific from longitudes 165°E to 95°W between latitudes of approximately 8°S and 9°N. Moorings within the array measure surface meteorological and upper-ocean parameters and transmit most data in real time to shore via Service Argos. The array was part of the in-situ measurement portion of the Tropical Ocean-Global Atmosphere (TOGA) Program, a 10-year (1985 - 1994) study of climate variability on seasonal to interannual time scales, the most pronounced mode of which is the El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phenomenon (McPhaden, 1993).
  • Cite as: Crout, Richard; Petraitis, Dawn; US DOC/NOAA/NWS > National Data Buoy Center (2012). Physical and meteorological data from the Tropical Atmosphere Ocean (TAO) array in the tropical Pacific Ocean. National Oceanographic Data Center, NOAA. Dataset. [access date]
gov.noaa.nodc:NDBC-TAOBuoy
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    These data are available through the File Transfer Protocol (FTP). You may use any FTP client to download these data.
Distribution Formats
  • netCDF (Version: netCDF-4 Classic)
    • File Specification: NetCDF Climate and Forecast (CF) Metadata Convention
Ordering Instructions Data may be searched and downloaded using online services provided by NCEI using the online resource URLs in this record. Contact NCEI Information Services for custom orders. When requesting data from NCEI, the desired data set may be referred to by the unique package identification number listed in this metadata record.
Distributor DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
301-713-3277
NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact Information Services
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
301-713-3277
NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
Time Period 2011-01-01 to 2015-03-31
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates
N: 9
S: -8
E: -94
W: 165
Spatial Coverage Map
General Documentation
  • Dataset Description
    Navigate directly to the URL for a descriptive web page with download links.
Associated Resources
  • Documentation for National Data Buoy Center (NDBC) Tropical Atmosphere Ocean (TAO) array moored buoy data archived at NODC (NODC Accession 0088104)
  • Documentation for National Data Buoy Center (NDBC) Tropical Atmosphere Ocean (TAO) array moored buoy data archived at NODC (NODC Accession 0088104)
Publication Dates
  • publication: 2012-06-28
  • revision: 2015-05-14
Data Presentation Form Digital table - digital representation of facts or figures systematically displayed, especially in columns
Dataset Progress Status Complete - production of the data has been completed
Data Update Frequency As needed
Supplemental Information
Documents about NDBC's processing of Tropical Atmosphere Ocean (TAO) array data and other related information are in NODC accession 0088104 (see http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0088104).
Purpose Basic research
Use Limitations
  • accessLevel: Public
  • Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
Theme keywords NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS WMO_CategoryCode
  • oceanography
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science and Services Keywords
  • EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION > INCOMING SOLAR RADIATION
  • EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR > WATER VAPOR INDICATORS > HUMIDITY > RELATIVE HUMIDITY
  • EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WINDS > SURFACE WINDS > WIND DIRECTION
  • EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WINDS > SURFACE WINDS > WIND SPEED
  • EARTH SCIENCE > ATMOSPHERE > PRECIPITATION > PRECIPITATION RATE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CIRCULATION > OCEAN CURRENTS
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN PRESSURE > WATER PRESSURE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN TEMPERATURE > WATER TEMPERATURE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > SALINITY/DENSITY > CONDUCTIVITY
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > SALINITY/DENSITY > SALINITY
NetCDF Climate and Forecast (CF) Metadata Convention Standard Name Table
  • air_pressure_at_sea_level
  • air_temperature
  • depth
  • eastward_sea_water_velocity
  • latitude
  • longitude
  • northward_sea_water_velocity
  • rainfall_rate
  • relative_humidity
  • sea_water_electrical_conductivity
  • sea_water_pressure
  • sea_water_salinity
  • sea_water_temperature
  • surface_downwelling_longwave_flux_in_air
  • surface_downwelling_shortwave_flux_in_air
  • time
  • upward_sea_water_velocity
  • wind_speed
  • wind_to_direction
Data Center keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NODC > National Oceanographic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NWS/NDBC > National Data Buoy Center, National Weather Service, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
NODC COLLECTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS NODC SUBMITTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS
Platform keywords NODC PLATFORM NAMES THESAURUS Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Platform Keywords
  • BUOYS
  • TAO > TROPICAL ATMOSPHERE OCEAN
NDBC TAO BUOY THESAURUS
  • T0N110W
  • T0N125W
  • T0N140W
  • T0N155W
  • T0N165E
  • T0N170W
  • T0N180W
  • T0N95W
  • T2N110W
  • T2N125W
  • T2N140W
  • T2N155W
  • T2N165E
  • T2N170W
  • T2N180W
  • T2N95W
  • T2S110W
  • T2S125W
  • T2S140W
  • T2S155W
  • T2S165E
  • T2S170W
  • T2S180W
  • T2S95W
  • T5N110W
  • T5N125W
  • T5N140W
  • T5N155W
  • T5N165E
  • T5N170W
  • T5N180W
  • T5N95W
  • T5S110W
  • T5S125W
  • T5S140W
  • T5S155W
  • T5S165E
  • T5S170W
  • T5S180W
  • T5S95W
  • T8N110W
  • T8N125W
  • T8N155W
  • T8N165E
  • T8N170W
  • T8N180W
  • T8N95W
  • T8S110W
  • T8S125W
  • T8S155W
  • T8S165E
  • T8S170W
  • T8S180W
  • T8S95W
  • T9N140W
WMO PLATFORM CODE THESAURUS
  • 32303
  • 32304
  • 32305
  • 32315
  • 32316
  • 32317
  • 32318
  • 32319
  • 32320
  • 32321
  • 32322
  • 32323
  • 43001
  • 43301
  • 51006
  • 51007
  • 51008
  • 51009
  • 51010
  • 51011
  • 51014
  • 51015
  • 51016
  • 51017
  • 51018
  • 51019
  • 51020
  • 51021
  • 51022
  • 51023
  • 51301
  • 51302
  • 51303
  • 51304
  • 51305
  • 51306
  • 51307
  • 51308
  • 51309
  • 51310
  • 51311
  • 52001
  • 52002
  • 52003
  • 52004
  • 52006
  • 52007
  • 52309
  • 52310
  • 52311
  • 52312
  • 52313
  • 52315
  • 52316
  • 52321
Instrument keywords NODC INSTRUMENT TYPES THESAURUS Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Instrument Keywords
  • ADCP > Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler
  • CTD > Conductivity, Temperature, Depth
  • PYRANOMETERS
NDBC TAO BUOY SENSOR THESAURUS
  • ARGOS Transmitter
  • Dopper Current Meter [SonTek/Argonaut-MD]
  • Humidity-temperature Capacitance [Rotronics/MP100]
  • Humidity-temperature Pt100 RTD [Rotronics/MP100]
  • Longwave Pyrgeometer [Eppley Laboratory/PIR]
  • Pressure Transducer [Paine 211-30-660-01]
  • Pressure Transducer [Paroscientific/MET1-2]
  • Rainfall Capacitance [R. M. Young/50203]
  • Shortwave Pyranometer [Eppley Laboratory/PSP]
  • Thermistor Conductivity Cell [Seabird/SBE 37]
  • Thermistor [Seabird/SBE 37/39IM]
  • Wind Propeller [R.M. Young/05103]
  • Wind Vane [R.M. Young/05103]
Place keywords NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
  • OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN
  • OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > SOUTH PACIFIC OCEAN
Project keywords NODC PROJECT NAMES THESAURUS
Keywords NCEI ACCESSION NUMBER
Use Constraints
  • Cite as: Crout, Richard; Petraitis, Dawn; US DOC/NOAA/NWS > National Data Buoy Center (2012). Physical and meteorological data from the Tropical Atmosphere Ocean (TAO) array in the tropical Pacific Ocean. National Oceanographic Data Center, NOAA. Dataset. [access date]
Access Constraints
  • NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
Fees
  • Digital data may be downloaded from NCEI at no charge in most cases. For custom orders of digital data or to obtain a copy of analog materials, please contact NCEI Information Services for information about current fees.
Lineage information for: series
Processing Steps
  • 2012-06-28T17:39:16 - NCEI Accession 0092237 v1.1 was published.
  • 2012-06-28T18:36:17 - NCEI Accession 0092238 v1.1 was published.
  • 2012-06-29T05:27:31 - NCEI Accession 0092237 was revised and v2.2 was published.
  • 2012-06-29T12:54:17 - NCEI Accession 0092276 v1.1 was published.
  • 2012-06-29T13:16:19 - NCEI Accession 0092237 was revised and v3.3 was published.
  • 2012-06-29T13:22:19 - NCEI Accession 0092238 was revised and v2.2 was published.
  • 2012-06-29T13:40:17 - NCEI Accession 0092277 v1.1 was published.
  • 2012-06-29T13:43:20 - NCEI Accession 0092276 was revised and v2.2 was published.
  • 2012-06-29T13:47:18 - NCEI Accession 0092278 v1.1 was published.
  • 2012-06-29T13:49:20 - NCEI Accession 0092277 was revised and v2.2 was published.
  • 2012-06-29T14:01:16 - NCEI Accession 0092279 v1.1 was published.
  • 2012-06-29T15:06:21 - NCEI Accession 0092278 was revised and v2.2 was published.
  • 2012-06-29T15:12:17 - NCEI Accession 0092280 v1.1 was published.
  • 2012-06-29T15:16:19 - NCEI Accession 0092279 was revised and v2.2 was published.
  • 2012-06-29T15:20:16 - NCEI Accession 0092281 v1.1 was published.
  • 2012-06-29T15:24:16 - NCEI Accession 0092282 v1.1 was published.
  • 2012-06-29T15:31:21 - NCEI Accession 0092281 was revised and v2.2 was published.
  • 2012-06-29T17:12:17 - NCEI Accession 0092283 v1.1 was published.
  • 2012-06-29T17:14:19 - NCEI Accession 0092282 was revised and v2.2 was published.
  • 2012-06-29T17:17:16 - NCEI Accession 0092284 v1.1 was published.
  • 2012-06-29T17:19:19 - NCEI Accession 0092283 was revised and v2.2 was published.
  • 2012-06-29T18:06:14 - NCEI Accession 0092285 v1.1 was published.
  • 2012-06-29T18:11:19 - NCEI Accession 0092281 was revised and v3.3 was published.
  • 2012-06-29T18:14:19 - NCEI Accession 0092282 was revised and v3.3 was published.
  • 2012-06-29T18:17:19 - NCEI Accession 0092283 was revised and v3.3 was published.
  • 2012-06-29T18:33:18 - NCEI Accession 0092284 was revised and v2.2 was published.
  • 2012-06-29T18:56:13 - NCEI Accession 0092286 v1.1 was published.
  • 2012-06-29T19:00:18 - NCEI Accession 0092284 was revised and v3.3 was published.
  • 2012-06-29T19:02:16 - NCEI Accession 0092285 was revised and v2.2 was published.
  • 2012-06-29T19:07:15 - NCEI Accession 0092287 v1.1 was published.
  • 2012-06-29T19:08:16 - NCEI Accession 0092285 was revised and v3.3 was published.
  • 2012-06-29T19:10:14 - NCEI Accession 0092286 was revised and v2.2 was published.
  • 2012-06-29T19:18:14 - NCEI Accession 0092288 v1.1 was published.
  • 2012-06-29T19:20:16 - NCEI Accession 0092287 was revised and v2.2 was published.
  • 2012-06-29T19:22:14 - NCEI Accession 0092289 v1.1 was published.
  • 2012-06-29T19:25:16 - NCEI Accession 0092285 was revised and v4.4 was published.
  • 2012-06-29T19:33:15 - NCEI Accession 0092286 was revised and v3.3 was published.
  • 2012-06-29T19:34:17 - NCEI Accession 0092287 was revised and v3.3 was published.
  • 2012-06-29T19:35:16 - NCEI Accession 0092288 was revised and v2.2 was published.
  • 2012-06-29T19:53:14 - NCEI Accession 0092290 v1.1 was published.
  • 2012-06-29T19:55:17 - NCEI Accession 0092289 was revised and v2.2 was published.
  • 2012-07-10T05:06:18 - NCEI Accession 0092481 v1.1 was published.
  • 2012-07-11T05:07:15 - NCEI Accession 0092290 was revised and v2.2 was published.
  • 2012-08-06T05:06:16 - NCEI Accession 0093394 v1.1 was published.
  • 2012-08-07T05:06:14 - NCEI Accession 0092481 was revised and v2.2 was published.
  • 2012-09-06T05:06:20 - NCEI Accession 0094858 v1.1 was published.
  • 2012-09-07T05:06:24 - NCEI Accession 0093394 was revised and v2.2 was published.
  • 2012-10-06T05:06:26 - NCEI Accession 0098162 v1.1 was published.
  • 2012-10-07T05:07:17 - NCEI Accession 0092289 was revised and v3.3 was published.
  • 2012-10-07T05:07:28 - NCEI Accession 0092481 was revised and v3.3 was published.
  • 2012-10-07T05:08:12 - NCEI Accession 0093394 was revised and v3.3 was published.
  • 2012-11-06T05:06:12 - NCEI Accession 0099239 v1.1 was published.
  • 2012-12-06T18:11:48 - NCEI Accession 0100009 v1.1 was published.
  • 2013-01-06T05:06:12 - NCEI Accession 0101141 v1.1 was published.
  • 2013-01-07T05:06:11 - NCEI Accession 0100009 was revised and v2.2 was published.
  • 2013-02-06T05:06:10 - NCEI Accession 0101901 v1.1 was published.
  • 2013-02-06T05:06:14 - NCEI Accession 0101902 v1.1 was published.
  • 2013-02-07T05:06:11 - NCEI Accession 0101141 was revised and v2.2 was published.
  • 2013-03-07T05:06:11 - NCEI Accession 0101141 was revised and v3.3 was published.
  • 2013-03-07T05:06:16 - NCEI Accession 0101901 was revised and v2.2 was published.
  • 2013-03-07T05:07:11 - NCEI Accession 0101902 was revised and v2.2 was published.
  • 2013-04-06T05:06:14 - NCEI Accession 0104399 v1.1 was published.
  • 2013-04-08T05:06:10 - NCEI Accession 0101902 was revised and v3.3 was published.
  • 2013-05-06T05:06:14 - NCEI Accession 0105758 v1.1 was published.
  • 2013-05-07T05:28:28 - NCEI Accession 0104399 was revised and v2.2 was published.
  • 2013-06-06T05:06:15 - NCEI Accession 0108125 v1.1 was published.
  • 2013-06-07T06:09:16 - NCEI Accession 0105758 was revised and v2.2 was published.
  • 2013-07-06T06:42:15 - NCEI Accession 0110023 v1.1 was published.
  • 2013-08-06T05:45:33 - NCEI Accession 0111754 v1.1 was published.
  • 2013-08-07T11:42:20 - NCEI Accession 0110023 was revised and v2.2 was published.
  • 2013-09-06T05:06:13 - NCEI Accession 0112759 v1.1 was published.
  • 2013-11-06T05:06:12 - NCEI Accession 0114237 v1.1 was published.
  • 2013-11-06T05:06:19 - NCEI Accession 0114238 v1.1 was published.
  • 2013-12-12T05:06:11 - NCEI Accession 0114994 v1.1 was published.
  • 2014-02-07T05:06:08 - NCEI Accession 0115701 v1.1 was published.
  • 2014-02-07T15:48:13 - NCEI Accession 0114238 was revised and v2.2 was published.
  • 2014-02-07T16:12:10 - NCEI Accession 0116306 v1.1 was published.
  • 2014-04-06T05:06:13 - NCEI Accession 0117433 v1.1 was published.
  • 2014-04-07T05:06:12 - NCEI Accession 0116306 was revised and v2.2 was published.
  • 2014-05-06T05:06:08 - NCEI Accession 0118351 v1.1 was published.
  • 2014-05-10T05:06:08 - NCEI Accession 0118448 v1.1 was published.
  • 2014-08-15T14:04:07 - NCEI Accession 0121263 v1.1 was published.
  • 2014-08-15T14:09:07 - NCEI Accession 0121264 v1.1 was published.
  • 2014-08-15T14:20:06 - NCEI Accession 0121265 v1.1 was published.
  • 2014-09-06T05:06:07 - NCEI Accession 0121631 v1.1 was published.
  • 2014-10-07T19:34:59 - NCEI Accession 0122514 v1.1 was published.
  • 2014-11-11T05:06:06 - NCEI Accession 0123218 v1.1 was published.
  • 2014-12-12T00:34:06 - NCEI Accession 0123641 v1.1 was published.
  • 2015-02-06T15:42:06 - NCEI Accession 0125593 v1.1 was published.
  • 2015-02-12T05:06:10 - NCEI Accession 0125688 v1.1 was published.
  • 2015-02-13T05:06:06 - NCEI Accession 0125593 was revised and v2.2 was published.
  • 2015-04-09T05:06:06 - NCEI Accession 0127321 v1.1 was published.
  • 2015-05-14T08:15:11 - NCEI Accession 0128050 v1.1 was published.
Output Datasets
Lineage information for: repository
Processing Steps
  • 2015-04-22T00:00:00 - NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
Acquisition Information (collection)
Instrument
  • ADCP
  • CTD - moored CTD
  • meteorological sensors
  • pyranometer
Platform
  • FIXED PLATFORM
Last Modified: 2018-04-09T13:27:13
For questions about the information on this page, please email: NODC.DataOfficer@noaa.gov