NOAA/WDS Paleoclimatology - Global Database of Borehole Temperatures and Climate Reconstructions - CA-9513


 (MI_Metadata)
    fileIdentifier:  noaa-borehole-1001313
    language:  eng; USA
    characterSet:  (MD_CharacterSetCode) utf8
    hierarchyLevel:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
    contact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
        individualName:  Bauer, Bruce
        organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
        contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
            phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                voice:  +1 303-497-6280
                facsimile:  +1 303-497-6513
            address:  (CI_Address)
                deliveryPoint:  325 Broadway, E/CC23
                city:  Boulder
                administrativeArea:  CO
                postalCode:  80305-3328
                country:  USA
                electronicMailAddress:  paleo@noaa.gov
        role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
    dateStamp:  2018-12-11
    metadataStandardName:  ISO 19115-2 Geographic Information - Metadata - Part 2: Extensions for Imagery and Gridded Data
    metadataStandardVersion:  ISO 19115-2:2009(E)
return to top
    identificationInfo:  (MD_DataIdentification)
        citation:  (CI_Citation)
            title:  NOAA/WDS Paleoclimatology - Global Database of Borehole Temperatures and Climate Reconstructions - CA-9513
            date:  (CI_Date)
                date:  2016-10-16
                dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
            edition: (missing)
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  noaa-borehole-1001313
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                code:  NCEI DSI 1200_01
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                individualName:  Huang, S.
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) originator
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                individualName:  Huang, S.
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) author
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                individualName:  Pollack, H.N.
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) originator
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                individualName:  Pollack, H.N.
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) author
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                individualName:  Shen, P.Y.
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) originator
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                individualName:  Shen, P.Y.
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) author
            citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
            presentationForm:  (CI_PresentationFormCode) tableDigital
        abstract:  This archived Paleoclimatology Study is available from the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI), under the World Data Service (WDS) for Paleoclimatology. The associated NCEI study type is Borehole. The data include parameters of borehole|climate reconstructions with a geographic location of Canada. The time period coverage is from 450 to -45 in calendar years before present (BP). See metadata information for parameter and study location details. Please cite this study when using the data.
        purpose:  Records of past temperature derived from boreholes drilled into the Earth crust. Parameter keywords describe what was measured in this dataset. Additional summary information can be found in the abstracts of papers listed in the dataset citations. Information on the University of Michigan Borehole Database datasets are found on the Borehole Data Page (http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo/borehole).
        status:  (MD_ProgressCode) completed
        pointOfContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            individualName:  Bauer, Bruce
            organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
            contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                    voice:  +1 303-497-6280
                    facsimile:  +1 303-497-6513
                address:  (CI_Address)
                    deliveryPoint:  325 Broadway, E/CC23
                    city:  Boulder
                    administrativeArea:  CO
                    postalCode:  80305-3328
                    country:  USA
                    electronicMailAddress:  paleo@noaa.gov
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) pointOfContact
        graphicOverview:  (MD_BrowseGraphic)
            fileName: https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/c/images/pc-default-borehole.png
            fileDescription:  Paleoclimatology - Borehole
            fileType:  PNG
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  Earth Science > Climate Indicators > Paleoclimate Indicators > Land Records > Boreholes
            keyword:  Earth Science > Climate Indicators > Paleoclimate Indicators > Ocean/Lake Records > Boreholes
            keyword:  Earth Science > Paleoclimate > Land Records > Boreholes
            keyword:  Earth Science > Paleoclimate > Ocean/Lake Records > Boreholes
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2018
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) revision
                edition:  Version 8.6
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Global Change Data Center, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://earthdata.nasa.gov/about/gcmd/global-change-master-directory-gcmd-keywords
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                            name:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Keywords
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  earth science > paleoclimate > borehole|climate reconstructions
            keyword:  earth science > paleoclimate > borehole
            keyword:  earth science > paleoclimate > borehole
            keyword:  earth science > paleoclimate > borehole
            keyword:  earth science > paleoclimate > boreholes > physical properties
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2018
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) revision
                edition:  Version 8.6
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Global Change Data Center, Science and Exploration Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://earthdata.nasa.gov/about/gcmd/global-change-master-directory-gcmd-keywords
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                            name:  Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Keywords
                            description:  The information provided on this page seeks to define how the GCMD Keywords are structured, used and accessed. It also provides information on how users can participate in the further development of the keywords.
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  Air Temperature Reconstruction
            keyword:  temperature
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
            thesaurusName: (missing)
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  Continent > North America > Canada> CA-9513 > LATITUDE 56.49 > LONGITUDE -99.61
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) place
            thesaurusName: (missing)
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            useConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Cite as: Huang, S.; Pollack, H.N.; Shen, P.Y. (2016-10-16): NOAA/WDS Paleoclimatology - Global Database of Borehole Temperatures and Climate Reconstructions - CA-9513. [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo/study/1001313. Accessed [date].
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            accessConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            useConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Use liability: NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            accessConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  None
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            useConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Please cite original publication, online resource, dataset and publication DOIs (where available), and date accessed when using downloaded data. If there is no publication information, please cite investigator, title, online resource, and date accessed. The appearance of external links associated with a dataset does not constitute endorsement by the Department of Commerce/National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration of external Web sites or the information, products or services contained therein. For other than authorized activities, the Department of Commerce/NOAA does not exercise any editorial control over the information you may find at these locations. These links are provided consistent with the stated purpose of this Department of Commerce/NOAA Web site.
        aggregationInfo:  (MD_AggregateInformation)
            aggregateDataSetName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  Temperature trends over the past five centuries reconstructed from borehole temperatures
                date:  (CI_Date)
                    date:  2000
                    dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    individualName:  Huang, S., Pollack, H.N., and Shen, P.Y.
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) author
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Nature
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) publisher
                citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName: (missing)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                            linkage: https://doi.org/10.1038/35001556
                            protocol:  HTTPS
                            applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                            name:  Associated Reference published 2000
                            description:  Huang, S., Pollack, H.N., and Shen, P.Y., 2000: Temperature trends over the past five centuries reconstructed from borehole temperatures. Nature, 403, 756-758, 10.1038/35001556
                            function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    role: (missing)
            associationType:  (DS_AssociationTypeCode) crossReference
            initiativeType:  (DS_InitiativeTypeCode) sciencePaper
        language:  eng; USA
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) geoscientificInformation
        extent:  (EX_Extent)
            description:  Date Range: 1500 AD to 1995 AD; Date Range: 450 cal yr BP to -45 cal yr BP;
            geographicElement:  (EX_GeographicBoundingBox)
                westBoundLongitude:  -99.61
                eastBoundLongitude:  -99.61
                southBoundLatitude:  56.49
                northBoundLatitude:  56.49
            geographicElement:  (EX_BoundingPolygon)
                polygon:
                  Point:
                    description:  Study Coordinates
                    pos:  56.49 -99.61
            temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                extent:
                  TimePeriod:
                    beginPosition:  1500
                    endPosition:  1995
        supplementalInformation:  STUDY NOTES: This project has as its goal the design, assembly, analysis and interpretation of geothermal observations on continents relevant to understanding the nature and causes of climate change over the past five centuries. The project was inititated by the Geothermal Laboratory of the University of Michigan, USA. Important collaborations have been developed with the Geophysical Institute of the Czech Academy of Sciences, and with a working group of the International Heat Flow Commission of IASPEI. Funding for this project has come from the U.S. National Science Foundation, the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the International Geological Correlation Program, and the Czech - U.S. Science and Technology Program. The principal components of the database are: (1) Basic geothermal observations from field surveys and laboratory measurements, principally comprising borehole temperature logs and thermophysical properties. This section includes data only from boreholes at least 200 m deep. The data listed are restricted to the range 20-600 meters. Data above 20 m have been omitted because they include annual variability, and data below 600 m have not been included because they contain no information about the past 500 years.Quality control measures have occasionally required the deletion of other data within the 20-600 m range. (2) A five-century ground surface temperature history derived for each site by a standardized inversion procedure operating on the basic observations. The derived history is presented as century-long temperature trends for each of the past five centuries. This representation emphasizes longer term variations of the climate history, and thus is complementary to high resolution proxies such as tree rings, ice cores, corals and lake sediments. (3) The name of the person who can be contacted to learn more about the data and the site. This is either the name of the original investigator who made the observations, or the name of a regional or national data compiler. Some data remain proprietary, and therefore are not accessible directly from this database. Database users desiring access to these data should request the data directly from the person listed as the data contact. A list of investigators engaged in climate studies involving geothermal data can be found at the original web site of this database at the University of Michigan. Updated version of dataset submitted by Huang in October 2016. ABSTRACT SUPPLIED BY ORIGINATOR: For an accurate assessment of the relative roles of natural variability and anthropogenic influence in the Earth's climate, reconstructions of past temperatures from the pre-industrial as well as the industrial period are essential. But instrumental records are typically available for no more than the past 150 years. Therefore reconstructions of pre-industrial climate rely principally on traditional climate proxy records, each with particular strengths and limitations in representing climatic variability. Subsurface temperatures comprise an independent archive of past surface temperature changes that is complementary to both the instrumental record and the climate proxies. Here we use present-day temperatures in 616 boreholes from all continents except Antarctica to reconstruct century-long trends in temperatures over the past 500 years at global, hemispheric and continental scales. The results confirm the unusual warming of the twentieth century revealed by the instrumental record, but suggest that the cumulative change over the past five centuries amounts to about 1 K, exceeding recent estimates from conventional climate proxies. The strength of temperature reconstructions from boreholes lies in the detection of long-term trends, complementary to conventional climate proxies, but to obtain a complete picture of past warming, the differences between the approaches need to be investigated in detail.
return to top
    distributionInfo:  (MD_Distribution)
        distributor:  (MD_Distributor)
            distributorContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
                positionName:  Customer Engagement Branch
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  1-828-271-4800
                        facsimile:  1-828-271-4876
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  151 Patton Avenue
                        deliveryPoint:  Veach-Baley Federal Building, Room 468
                        city:  Asheville
                        administrativeArea:  NC
                        postalCode:  28801-5001
                        country:  USA
                        electronicMailAddress:  ncei.orders@noaa.gov
                    onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                        linkage: https://www.ncei.noaa.gov
                        protocol:  HTTPS
                        applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                        name:  NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI)
                        description:  NCEI home page with information, data access and contact information.
                        function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                    hoursOfService:  8:00 - 6:00 Eastern
                role:  (CI_RoleCode) distributor
            distributionOrderProcess:  (MD_StandardOrderProcess)
                fees:  In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free, however fees may apply for data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
            distributorFormat:  (MD_Format)
                name:  Native Format(s)
                version: (missing)
            distributorTransferOptions:  (MD_DigitalTransferOptions)
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: https://data.nodc.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/iso?id=noaa-borehole-1001313
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Landing Page
                    name:  NCEI landing page for this dataset
                    description:  Dataset landing page with general information and links to access the data.
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo/study/1001313
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Web Browser
                    name:  NCEI Study Page
                    description:  Study page with dataset access information.
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) search
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/data-access/paleoclimatology-data/datasets/borehole
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Information
                    name:  NCEI Borehole Page
                    description:  General information for this data type.
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: http://www.earth.lsa.umich.edu/climate/RECONSTRUCTION/CA-9513.html
                    protocol:  HTTP
                    applicationProfile:  Information
                    name:  Related Information Page
                    description:  Related page with dataset information.
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
                onLine:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: https://www1.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/paleo/contributions_by_author/huang2000/huang2016-CA-9513.txt
                    protocol:  HTTPS
                    applicationProfile:  Download
                    name:  /contributions_by_author/huang2000/huang2016-CA-9513.txt
                    description:  Original Data and Full Metadata
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
return to top
    metadataMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
        maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) asNeeded
        maintenanceNote:  This metadata record was translated from DIF using dif-9x-to-iso-19115-2.xsl Version: 2018-10-25