NOAA/WDS Paleoclimatology - Espiritu Santo Island - Stable Isotope Data

browse graphicPaleoclimatology - Coral and Sclerosponge
This archived Paleoclimatology Study is available from the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI), under the World Data Service (WDS) for Paleoclimatology. The associated NCEI study type is Coral. The data include parameters of corals and sclerosponges with a geographic location of Vanuatu, Melanesia. The time period coverage is from 144 to -30 in calendar years before present (BP). See metadata information for parameter and study location details. Please cite this study when using the data.
  • Cite as: Quinn, T.M.; Crowley, T.J.; Taylor, F.W. (1994-08-01): NOAA/WDS Paleoclimatology - Espiritu Santo Island - Stable Isotope Data. [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo/study/1839. Accessed [date].
  • Please refer to Credit tab for full citation information.
  • noaa-coral-1839
  • NCEI DSI 1200_01
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Distribution Formats
  • Native Format(s)
Distributor Customer Engagement Branch
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
1-828-271-4800
ncei.orders@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact Bauer, Bruce
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
+1 303-497-6280
paleo@noaa.gov
Coverage Description Date Range: 1806 AD to 1980 AD; Date Range: 144 cal yr BP to -30 cal yr BP;
Time Period 1806 to 1980
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates
N: -15
S: -15
E: 167
W: 167
Spatial Coverage Map
General Documentation
Associated Resources
  • New stable isotope results from a 173-year coral record from Espiritu Santo, Vanuatu
Publication Dates
  • publication: 1994-08-01
Data Presentation Form Digital table - digital representation of facts or figures systematically displayed, especially in columns
Dataset Progress Status Complete - production of the data has been completed
Data Update Frequency Data update frequency not available
Supplemental Information
ABSTRACT SUPPLIED BY ORIGINATOR: Long coral records provide valuable information on pentadal-decadal scale climate variability. Proviously we have reported on a preliminary analysis of a 173-year record (1806-1978) from the island of Espriritu Santo, Republic of Vanuatu. Although this record contained information in the pentada-decadal band, low sampling resolution raised questions about the validity of the results. Herein we report new data from the Santo reord, in which the sampling resolution has been doubled and the validation database expanded. Variations in coral delta 18O at Santo record the combined effects of variations in SST and rainfal-induced salinity changes. The most prominent spectral peaks in the time series are at the annual cycle and 13-15 and 7.4 years. The robust occurrence of the 14-15 year peak provides additional support to the importance of this oscillation as a cause of decadal-scale climate variability. Overall, our new results provide greater credibility to the conclusions raised in the earlier study and indicate the the Santo record can more confidently be incorporated into the still-small network of multicentury coral records of climate change.
Purpose Records of past climate and ocean environment derived from stable isotope, trace metal, and other measurements made on corals and sclerosponges. Parameter keywords describe what was measured in this dataset. Additional summary information can be found in the abstracts of papers listed in the dataset citations.
Dataset Citation
  • Cite as: Quinn, T.M.; Crowley, T.J.; Taylor, F.W. (1994-08-01): NOAA/WDS Paleoclimatology - Espiritu Santo Island - Stable Isotope Data. [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo/study/1839. Accessed [date].
  • Please cite original publication, online resource, dataset and publication DOIs (where available), and date accessed when using downloaded data. If there is no publication information, please cite investigator, title, online resource, and date accessed. The appearance of external links associated with a dataset does not constitute endorsement by the Department of Commerce/National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration of external Web sites or the information, products or services contained therein. For other than authorized activities, the Department of Commerce/NOAA does not exercise any editorial control over the information you may find at these locations. These links are provided consistent with the stated purpose of this Department of Commerce/NOAA Web site.
Cited Authors
  • Quinn, T.M.
  • Crowley, T.J.
  • Taylor, F.W.
Originators
  • Quinn, T.M.
  • Crowley, T.J.
  • Taylor, F.W.
Publishers
  • NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
Theme keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
  • Earth Science > Climate Indicators > Paleoclimate Indicators > Biological Records > Coral Deposits
  • Earth Science > Climate Indicators > Paleoclimate Indicators > Ocean/Lake Records > Coral Deposits
  • Earth Science > Paleoclimate > Ocean/Lake Records > Coral Deposits
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
  • earth science > paleoclimate > corals and sclerosponges
  • earth science > paleoclimate > corals and sclerosponges
  • earth science > paleoclimate > corals and sclerosponges
  • earth science > paleoclimate > corals and sclerosponges
  • earth science > paleoclimate > corals and sclerosponges
  • earth science > paleoclimate > corals and sclerosponges > oxygen isotopes
  • earth science > paleoclimate > corals and sclerosponges > carbon isotopes
  • PAGES 2k Network
  • PAGES Australasia 2k
Place keywords
  • Ocean > Pacific Ocean > South Pacific Ocean > Melanesia > Vanuatu> Espiritu Santo Island > LATITUDE -15 > LONGITUDE 167
Use Constraints
  • Cite as: Quinn, T.M.; Crowley, T.J.; Taylor, F.W. (1994-08-01): NOAA/WDS Paleoclimatology - Espiritu Santo Island - Stable Isotope Data. [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo/study/1839. Accessed [date].
  • Use liability: NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
  • Please cite original publication, online resource, dataset and publication DOIs (where available), and date accessed when using downloaded data. If there is no publication information, please cite investigator, title, online resource, and date accessed. The appearance of external links associated with a dataset does not constitute endorsement by the Department of Commerce/National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration of external Web sites or the information, products or services contained therein. For other than authorized activities, the Department of Commerce/NOAA does not exercise any editorial control over the information you may find at these locations. These links are provided consistent with the stated purpose of this Department of Commerce/NOAA Web site.
Access Constraints
  • Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
  • None
Fees
  • In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free, however fees may apply for data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
Last Modified: 2019-07-08
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