NOAA/WDS Paleoclimatology - River Rhine 740 Year Documentary Flood Reconstruction

browse graphicPaleoclimatology - Historical
This archived Paleoclimatology Study is available from the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI), under the World Data Service (WDS) for Paleoclimatology. The associated NCEI study type is Historical. The data include parameters of historical with a geographic location of Switzerland, Western Europe. The time period coverage is from 682 to -63 in calendar years before present (BP). See metadata information for parameter and study location details. Please cite this study when using the data.
  • Cite as: Wetter, O.; Pfister, C.; Weingartner, R.; Luterbacher, J.; Reist, T.; Trösch, J. (2014-12-10): NOAA/WDS Paleoclimatology - River Rhine 740 Year Documentary Flood Reconstruction. [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo/study/17617. Accessed [date].
  • Please refer to Credit tab for full citation information.
  • noaa-historical-17617
  • NCEI DSI 1200_01
noaa-historical-17617
Search Data
Download Data
Distribution Formats
  • Native Format(s)
Distributor Customer Engagement Branch
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
1-828-271-4800
ncei.orders@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact Bauer, Bruce
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
+1 303-497-6280
paleo@noaa.gov
Coverage Description Date Range: 1268 AD to 2013 AD; Date Range: 682 cal yr BP to -63 cal yr BP;
Time Period 1268 to 2013
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates
N: 47.5601
S: 47.5601
E: 7.5898
W: 7.5898
Spatial Coverage Map
General Documentation
Associated Resources
  • The largest floods in the High Rhine basin since 1268 assessed from documentary and instrumental evidence
    • Associated Reference published 2011
      Oliver Wetter, Christian Pfister, Rolf Weingartner, Jurg Luterbacher, Tom Reist, and Jurg Trosche, 2011: The largest floods in the High Rhine basin since 1268 assessed from documentary and instrumental evidence. Hydrological Sciences Journal, 56, 733-758, 10.1080/02626667.2011.583613
Publication Dates
  • publication: 2014-12-10
Data Presentation Form Digital table - digital representation of facts or figures systematically displayed, especially in columns
Dataset Progress Status Complete - production of the data has been completed
Data Update Frequency Data update frequency not available
Supplemental Information
STUDY NOTES: Reconstructed peak discharge for the 78 largest known floods of the River Rhine in Basel since 1268, from instrumental and documentary sources. Source references included in the Excel version of this file.
ABSTRACT SUPPLIED BY ORIGINATOR: The magnitudes of the largest known floods of the River Rhine in Basel since 1268 were assessed using a hydraulic model drawing on a set of pre-instrumental evidence and daily hydrological measurements from 1808. The pre-instrumental evidence, consisting of flood marks and documentary data describing extreme events with the customary reference to specific landmarks, was "calibrated" by comparing it with the instrumental series for the overlapping period between the two categories of evidence (1808-1900). Summer (JJA) floods were particularly frequent in the century between 1651-1750, when precipitation was also high. Severe winter (DJF) floods have not occurred since the late 19th century despite a significant increase in winter precipitation. Six catastrophic events involving a runoff greater than 6000 m 3 s-1 are documented prior to 1700. They were initiated by spells of torrential rainfall of up to 72 h (1480 event) and preceded by long periods of substantial precipitation that saturated the soils, and/or by abundant snowmelt. All except two (1999 and 2007) of the 43 identified severe events (SEs: defined as having runoff > 5000 and < 6000 m 3 s -1) occurred prior to 1877. Not a single SE is documented from 1877 to 1998. The intermediate 121-year-long "flood disaster gap" is unique over the period since 1268. The effect of river regulations (1714 for the River Kander; 1877 for the River Aare) and the building of reservoirs in the 20th century upon peak runoff were investigated using a one-dimensional hydraulic flood-routing model. Results show that anthropogenic effects only partially account for the "flood disaster gap" suggesting that variations in climate should also be taken into account in explaining these features.
Purpose Records of past climate and environment from historical references and documentary evidence such as church records, harvest dates, and diaries. Parameter keywords describe what was measured in this dataset. Additional summary information can be found in the abstracts of papers listed in the dataset citations.
Dataset Citation
  • Cite as: Wetter, O.; Pfister, C.; Weingartner, R.; Luterbacher, J.; Reist, T.; Trösch, J. (2014-12-10): NOAA/WDS Paleoclimatology - River Rhine 740 Year Documentary Flood Reconstruction. [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo/study/17617. Accessed [date].
  • Please cite original publication, online resource, dataset and publication DOIs (where available), and date accessed when using downloaded data. If there is no publication information, please cite investigator, title, online resource, and date accessed. The appearance of external links associated with a dataset does not constitute endorsement by the Department of Commerce/National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration of external Web sites or the information, products or services contained therein. For other than authorized activities, the Department of Commerce/NOAA does not exercise any editorial control over the information you may find at these locations. These links are provided consistent with the stated purpose of this Department of Commerce/NOAA Web site.
Cited Authors
  • Wetter, O.
  • Pfister, C.
  • Weingartner, R.
  • Luterbacher, J.
  • Reist, T.
  • Trösch, J.
Originators
  • Wetter, O.
  • Pfister, C.
  • Weingartner, R.
  • Luterbacher, J.
  • Reist, T.
  • Trösch, J.
Publishers
  • NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
Theme keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
  • Earth Science > Climate Indicators > Paleoclimate Indicators > Paleoclimate Reconstructions
  • Earth Science > Paleoclimate > Paleoclimate Reconstructions
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
  • earth science > paleoclimate > historical
  • earth science > paleoclimate > historical
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|historical
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|historical
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|historical
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|historical
  • earth science > paleoclimate > historical > weather observation
  • earth science > paleoclimate > historical > document
  • Streamflow Reconstruction
  • hydrology
Place keywords
  • Continent > Europe > Western Europe > Switzerland> Basel > LATITUDE 47.5601 > LONGITUDE 7.5898
Use Constraints
  • Cite as: Wetter, O.; Pfister, C.; Weingartner, R.; Luterbacher, J.; Reist, T.; Trösch, J. (2014-12-10): NOAA/WDS Paleoclimatology - River Rhine 740 Year Documentary Flood Reconstruction. [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo/study/17617. Accessed [date].
  • Use liability: NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
  • Please cite original publication, online resource, dataset and publication DOIs (where available), and date accessed when using downloaded data. If there is no publication information, please cite investigator, title, online resource, and date accessed. The appearance of external links associated with a dataset does not constitute endorsement by the Department of Commerce/National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration of external Web sites or the information, products or services contained therein. For other than authorized activities, the Department of Commerce/NOAA does not exercise any editorial control over the information you may find at these locations. These links are provided consistent with the stated purpose of this Department of Commerce/NOAA Web site.
Access Constraints
  • Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
  • None
Fees
  • In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free, however fees may apply for data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
Last Modified: 2018-12-11
For questions about the information on this page, please email: paleo@noaa.gov