NOAA/WDS Paleoclimatology - PAGES Ocean2k Synthesis Data Set

browse graphicPaleoclimatology - Paleoceanography
This archived Paleoclimatology Study is available from the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI), under the World Data Service (WDS) for Paleoclimatology. The associated NCEI study type is Paleoceanography. The data include parameters of paleocean (reconstruction) with a geographic location of Global. The time period coverage is from 1950 to -50 in calendar years before present (BP). See metadata information for parameter and study location details. Please cite this study when using the data.
  • Cite as: McGregor, H.V.; Evans, M.N.; Goosse, H.; Leduc, G.; Martrat, B.; Addison, J.A.; Mortyn, P.G.; Oppo, D.W.; Seidenkrantz, M.-S.; Sicre, M.-A.; Phipps, S.J.; Kandasamy, K.; Thirumalai, K.; Filipsson, H.L.; Ersek, V. (2015-08-17): NOAA/WDS Paleoclimatology - PAGES Ocean2k Synthesis Data Set. [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo/study/18718. Accessed [date].
  • Please refer to Credit tab for full citation information.
  • noaa-ocean-18718
  • NCEI DSI 1200_01
Search Data
Download Data
Distribution Formats
  • Native Format(s)
Distributor Customer Engagement Branch
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
1-828-271-4800
ncei.orders@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact Bauer, Bruce
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
+1 303-497-6280
paleo@noaa.gov
Coverage Description Date Range: 0 AD to 2000 AD; Date Range: 1950 cal yr BP to -50 cal yr BP;
Time Period 0 to 2000
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates
N: 90
S: -90
E: 180
W: -180
Spatial Coverage Map
General Documentation
Associated Resources
  • Robust global ocean cooling trend for the pre-industrial Common Era
    • Associated Reference published 2015
      Helen V. McGregor, Michael N. Evans, Hugues Goosse, Guillaume Leduc, Belen Martrat, Jason A. Addison, P. Graham Mortyn, Delia W. Oppo, Marit-Solveig Seidenkrantz, Marie-Alexandrine Sicre, Steven J. Phipps, Kandasamy Selvaraj, Kaustubh Thirumalai, Helena L. Filipsson, and Vasile Ersek, 2015: Robust global ocean cooling trend for the pre-industrial Common Era. Nature Geoscience, , , 10.1038/NGEO2510
Publication Dates
  • publication: 2015-08-17
Data Presentation Form Digital table - digital representation of facts or figures systematically displayed, especially in columns
Dataset Progress Status Complete - production of the data has been completed
Data Update Frequency Data update frequency not available
Supplemental Information
ABSTRACT SUPPLIED BY ORIGINATOR: The oceans mediate the response of global climate to natural and anthropogenic forcings. Yet for the past 2,000 years - a key interval for understanding the present and future climate response to these forcings - global sea surface temperature changes and the underlying driving mechanisms are poorly constrained. Here we present a global synthesis of sea surface temperatures for the Common Era (CE) derived from 57 individual marine reconstructions that meet strict quality control criteria. We observe a cooling trend from 1 to 1800 CE that is robust against explicit tests for potential biases in the reconstructions. Between 801 and 1800 CE, the surface cooling trend is qualitatively consistent with an independent synthesis of terrestrial temperature reconstructions, and with a sea surface temperature composite derived from an ensemble of climate model simulations using best estimates of past external radiative forcings. Climate simulations using single and cumulative forcings suggest that the ocean surface cooling trend from 801 to 1800 CE is not primarily a response to orbital forcing but arises from a high frequency of explosive volcanism. Our results show that repeated clusters of volcanic eruptions can induce a net negative radiative forcing that results in a centennial and global scale cooling trend via a decline in mixed-layer oceanic heat content.
Purpose Records of past climate and ocean circulation derived from marine sediments. Parameter keywords describe what was measured in this dataset. Additional summary information can be found in the abstracts of papers listed in the dataset citations.
Dataset Citation
  • Cite as: McGregor, H.V.; Evans, M.N.; Goosse, H.; Leduc, G.; Martrat, B.; Addison, J.A.; Mortyn, P.G.; Oppo, D.W.; Seidenkrantz, M.-S.; Sicre, M.-A.; Phipps, S.J.; Kandasamy, K.; Thirumalai, K.; Filipsson, H.L.; Ersek, V. (2015-08-17): NOAA/WDS Paleoclimatology - PAGES Ocean2k Synthesis Data Set. [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo/study/18718. Accessed [date].
  • Please cite original publication, online resource, dataset and publication DOIs (where available), and date accessed when using downloaded data. If there is no publication information, please cite investigator, title, online resource, and date accessed. The appearance of external links associated with a dataset does not constitute endorsement by the Department of Commerce/National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration of external Web sites or the information, products or services contained therein. For other than authorized activities, the Department of Commerce/NOAA does not exercise any editorial control over the information you may find at these locations. These links are provided consistent with the stated purpose of this Department of Commerce/NOAA Web site.
Cited Authors
  • McGregor, H.V.
  • Evans, M.N.
  • Goosse, H.
  • Leduc, G.
  • Martrat, B.
  • Addison, J.A.
  • Mortyn, P.G.
  • Oppo, D.W.
  • Seidenkrantz, M.-S.
  • Sicre, M.-A.
  • Phipps, S.J.
  • Kandasamy, K.
  • Thirumalai, K.
  • Filipsson, H.L.
  • Ersek, V.
Originators
  • McGregor, H.V.
  • Evans, M.N.
  • Goosse, H.
  • Leduc, G.
  • Martrat, B.
  • Addison, J.A.
  • Mortyn, P.G.
  • Oppo, D.W.
  • Seidenkrantz, M.-S.
  • Sicre, M.-A.
  • Phipps, S.J.
  • Kandasamy, K.
  • Thirumalai, K.
  • Filipsson, H.L.
  • Ersek, V.
Publishers
  • NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
Theme keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
  • Earth Science > Paleoclimate > Ocean/Lake Records
  • Earth Science > Climate Indicators > Paleoclimate Indicators > Ocean/Lake Records
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
  • earth science > paleoclimate > paleocean > reconstruction
  • PAGES Ocean 2k
  • Sea Surface Temperature Reconstruction
Place keywords
  • Geographic Region > Global> Global > LATITUDE > LONGITUDE
Use Constraints
  • Cite as: McGregor, H.V.; Evans, M.N.; Goosse, H.; Leduc, G.; Martrat, B.; Addison, J.A.; Mortyn, P.G.; Oppo, D.W.; Seidenkrantz, M.-S.; Sicre, M.-A.; Phipps, S.J.; Kandasamy, K.; Thirumalai, K.; Filipsson, H.L.; Ersek, V. (2015-08-17): NOAA/WDS Paleoclimatology - PAGES Ocean2k Synthesis Data Set. [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo/study/18718. Accessed [date].
  • Use liability: NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
  • Please cite original publication, online resource, dataset and publication DOIs (where available), and date accessed when using downloaded data. If there is no publication information, please cite investigator, title, online resource, and date accessed. The appearance of external links associated with a dataset does not constitute endorsement by the Department of Commerce/National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration of external Web sites or the information, products or services contained therein. For other than authorized activities, the Department of Commerce/NOAA does not exercise any editorial control over the information you may find at these locations. These links are provided consistent with the stated purpose of this Department of Commerce/NOAA Web site.
Access Constraints
  • Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
  • None
Fees
  • In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free, however fees may apply for data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
Last Modified: 2019-06-06
For questions about the information on this page, please email: paleo@noaa.gov