NOAA/WDS Paleoclimatology - East Anglia 1,100 Year Spring-Summer Precipitation Reconstruction

browse graphicPaleoclimatology - Climate Reconstruction
This archived Paleoclimatology Study is available from the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI), under the World Data Service (WDS) for Paleoclimatology. The associated NCEI study type is Climate Reconstruction. The data include parameters of climate reconstructions|tree ring with a geographic location of United Kingdom, British Isles. The time period coverage is from 1050 to -59 in calendar years before present (BP). See metadata information for parameter and study location details. Please cite this study when using the data.
  • Cite as: Cooper, R.J.; Melvin, T.M.; Tyers, I.; Wilson, R.J.S.; Briffa, K.R. (2012-04-11): NOAA/WDS Paleoclimatology - East Anglia 1,100 Year Spring-Summer Precipitation Reconstruction. [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo/study/12896. Accessed [date].
  • Please refer to Credit tab for full citation information.
  • noaa-recon-12896
  • NCEI DSI 1200_01
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Distributor Customer Engagement Branch
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
1-828-271-4800
ncei.orders@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact Bauer, Bruce
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
+1 303-497-6280
paleo@noaa.gov
Coverage Description Date Range: 900 AD to 2009 AD; Date Range: 1050 cal yr BP to -59 cal yr BP;
Time Period 900 to 2009
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates
N: 53
S: 52
E: 2
W: 0
Spatial Coverage Map
General Documentation
Associated Resources
  • A tree-ring reconstruction of East Anglian (UK) hydroclimate variability over the last millennium
    • Associated Reference published 2013
      Richard J. Cooper, Thomas M. Melvin, Ian Tyers, Rob J.S. Wilson, Keith R. Briffa, 2013: A tree-ring reconstruction of East Anglian (UK) hydroclimate variability over the last millennium. Climate Dynamics, 40, 1019-1039, 10.1007/s00382-012-1328-x
Publication Dates
  • publication: 2012-04-11
Data Presentation Form Digital table - digital representation of facts or figures systematically displayed, especially in columns
Dataset Progress Status Complete - production of the data has been completed
Data Update Frequency Data update frequency not available
Supplemental Information
STUDY NOTES: A continuous 1,100-year long oak ring-width chronology has been developed from 310 living and 413 historical tree ring samples for East Anglia (52-53°N, 0-2°E). This has been used to reconstruct precipitation for the March-July (MAMJJ) season. Data include MAMJJ annual precipitation values (mm) with standard errors (mm) of chronology and regression.
ABSTRACT SUPPLIED BY ORIGINATOR: We present an annually resolved reconstruction of spring-summer precipitation variability in East Anglia, UK (52-53N, 0-2E) for the period AD 900-2009. A continuous regional network of 723 living (AD 1590-2009) and historical (AD 781-1790) oak (Quercus sp.) ring-width series has been constructed and shown to display significant sensitivity to precipitation variability during the March-July season. The existence of a coherent common growth signal is demonstrated in oaks growing across East Anglia, containing evidence of near-decadal aperiodic variability in precipitation throughout the last millennium. Positive correlations are established between oak growth and precipitation variability across a large region of northwest Europe, although climate-growth relationships appear time transgressive with correlations significantly weakening during the early twentieth century. Examination of the relationship between oak growth, precipitation, and the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), reveals no evidence that the NAO plays any significant role in the control of precipitation or tree growth in this region. Using Regional Curve Standardisation to preserve evidence of low-frequency growth variability in the East Anglian oak chronology, we produce a millennial length reconstruction that is capable of explaining 32-35% of annual-to-decadal regional-scale precipitation variance during 1901-2009. The full length reconstruction indicates statistically significant anomalous dry conditions during AD 900-1100 and circa-1800. An apparent prolonged wetter phase is estimated for the twelfth and thirteen centuries, whilst precipitation fluctuates between wetter and drier phases at near centennial timescales throughout the fourteenth to seventeenth centuries. Above average precipitation reconstructed for the twenty-first century is comparable with that reproduced for the 1600s. The main estimated wet and dry phases reconstructed here appear largely coherent with an independent tree-ring reconstruction for southern-central England.
Purpose Records of past temperature, precipitation, and other climate variables derived from paleoclimate proxies. Parameter keywords describe what was measured in this data set. Additional summary information can be found in the abstracts of papers listed in the data set citations.
Dataset Citation
  • Cite as: Cooper, R.J.; Melvin, T.M.; Tyers, I.; Wilson, R.J.S.; Briffa, K.R. (2012-04-11): NOAA/WDS Paleoclimatology - East Anglia 1,100 Year Spring-Summer Precipitation Reconstruction. [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo/study/12896. Accessed [date].
  • Please cite original publication, online resource, dataset and publication DOIs (where available), and date accessed when using downloaded data. If there is no publication information, please cite investigator, title, online resource, and date accessed. The appearance of external links associated with a dataset does not constitute endorsement by the Department of Commerce/National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration of external Web sites or the information, products or services contained therein. For other than authorized activities, the Department of Commerce/NOAA does not exercise any editorial control over the information you may find at these locations. These links are provided consistent with the stated purpose of this Department of Commerce/NOAA Web site.
Cited Authors
  • Cooper, R.J.
  • Melvin, T.M.
  • Tyers, I.
  • Wilson, R.J.S.
  • Briffa, K.R.
Originators
  • Cooper, R.J.
  • Melvin, T.M.
  • Tyers, I.
  • Wilson, R.J.S.
  • Briffa, K.R.
Publishers
  • NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
Theme keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
  • Earth Science > Climate Indicators > Paleoclimate Indicators > Paleoclimate Reconstructions
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|tree ring
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|tree ring
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|tree ring
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|tree ring
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|tree ring
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|tree ring
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|tree ring
  • earth science > paleoclimate > reconstructions > precipitation
  • Precipitation Reconstruction
  • hydrology
Place keywords
  • Continent > Europe > Northern Europe > British Isles > United Kingdom> East Anglia > LATITUDE > LONGITUDE
Use Constraints
  • Cite as: Cooper, R.J.; Melvin, T.M.; Tyers, I.; Wilson, R.J.S.; Briffa, K.R. (2012-04-11): NOAA/WDS Paleoclimatology - East Anglia 1,100 Year Spring-Summer Precipitation Reconstruction. [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo/study/12896. Accessed [date].
  • Use liability: NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
  • Please cite original publication, online resource, dataset and publication DOIs (where available), and date accessed when using downloaded data. If there is no publication information, please cite investigator, title, online resource, and date accessed. The appearance of external links associated with a dataset does not constitute endorsement by the Department of Commerce/National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration of external Web sites or the information, products or services contained therein. For other than authorized activities, the Department of Commerce/NOAA does not exercise any editorial control over the information you may find at these locations. These links are provided consistent with the stated purpose of this Department of Commerce/NOAA Web site.
Access Constraints
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Last Modified: 2019-04-11
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