NOAA/WDS Paleoclimatology - North America-North Pacific 500 hPa Geopotential Height Reconstruction

browse graphicPaleoclimatology - Climate Reconstruction
This archived Paleoclimatology Study is available from the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI), under the World Data Service (WDS) for Paleoclimatology. The associated NCEI study type is Climate Reconstruction. The data include parameters of climate reconstructions|tree ring with a geographic location of Western Hemisphere. The time period coverage is from 450 to -60 in calendar years before present (BP). See metadata information for parameter and study location details. Please cite this study when using the data.
  • Cite as: Wise, E.K.; Dannenberg, M.P. (2015-08-12): NOAA/WDS Paleoclimatology - North America-North Pacific 500 hPa Geopotential Height Reconstruction. [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo/study/19103. Accessed [date].
  • Please refer to Credit tab for full citation information.
  • noaa-recon-19103
  • NCEI DSI 1200_01
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  • Native Format(s)
Distributor Customer Engagement Branch
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
1-828-271-4800
ncei.orders@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact Bauer, Bruce
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
+1 303-497-6280
paleo@noaa.gov
Coverage Description Date Range: 1500 AD to 2010 AD; Date Range: 450 cal yr BP to -60 cal yr BP;
Time Period 1500 to 2010
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates
N: 70
S: 14
E: -70
W: 160
Spatial Coverage Map
General Documentation
Associated Resources
  • Persistence of pressure patterns over North America and the North Pacific since AD 1500
    • Associated Reference published 2014
      Erika K. Wise and Matthew P. Dannenberg, 2014: Persistence of pressure patterns over North America and the North Pacific since AD 1500. Nature Communications, 5, , 10.1038/ncomms5912
Publication Dates
  • publication: 2015-08-12
Data Presentation Form Digital table - digital representation of facts or figures systematically displayed, especially in columns
Dataset Progress Status Complete - production of the data has been completed
Data Update Frequency Data update frequency not available
Supplemental Information
STUDY NOTES: Tree-ring-based reconstruction of cool-season (Oct-Mar) 500hPa Geopotential Height Anomalies since 1500AD for the North Pacific and North America on a 2 x 2 degree grid (unitless z-scores).
ABSTRACT SUPPLIED BY ORIGINATOR: Changes in moisture delivery to western North America are largely controlled by interrelated, synoptic-scale atmospheric pressure patterns. Long-term records of upper-atmosphere pressure and related circulation patterns are needed to assess potential drivers of past severe droughts and evaluate how future climate changes may impact hydroclimatic systems. Here we develop a tree-ring-based climate field reconstruction of cool-season 500 hPa geopotential height on a 2 x 2 degree grid over North America and the North Pacific to AD 1500 and examine the frequency and persistence of preinstrumental atmospheric pressure patterns using Self-Organizing Maps. Our results show extended time periods dominated by a set of persistent upper-air pressure patterns, providing insight into the atmospheric conditions leading to periods of sustained drought and pluvial periods in the preinstrumental past. A striking shift from meridional to zonal flow occurred at the end of the Little Ice Age and was sustained for several decades.
Purpose Records of past temperature, precipitation, and other climate variables derived from paleoclimate proxies. Parameter keywords describe what was measured in this data set. Additional summary information can be found in the abstracts of papers listed in the data set citations.
Dataset Citation
  • Cite as: Wise, E.K.; Dannenberg, M.P. (2015-08-12): NOAA/WDS Paleoclimatology - North America-North Pacific 500 hPa Geopotential Height Reconstruction. [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo/study/19103. Accessed [date].
  • Please cite original publication, online resource, dataset and publication DOIs (where available), and date accessed when using downloaded data. If there is no publication information, please cite investigator, title, online resource, and date accessed. The appearance of external links associated with a dataset does not constitute endorsement by the Department of Commerce/National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration of external Web sites or the information, products or services contained therein. For other than authorized activities, the Department of Commerce/NOAA does not exercise any editorial control over the information you may find at these locations. These links are provided consistent with the stated purpose of this Department of Commerce/NOAA Web site.
Cited Authors
  • Wise, E.K.
  • Dannenberg, M.P.
Originators
  • Wise, E.K.
  • Dannenberg, M.P.
Publishers
  • NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
Theme keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
  • Earth Science > Climate Indicators > Paleoclimate Indicators > Paleoclimate Reconstructions
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|tree ring
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|tree ring
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|tree ring
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|tree ring
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|tree ring
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|tree ring
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|tree ring
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|tree ring
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|tree ring
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|tree ring
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|tree ring
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|tree ring
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|tree ring
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|tree ring
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|tree ring
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|tree ring
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|tree ring
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|tree ring
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|tree ring
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|tree ring
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|tree ring
  • earth science > paleoclimate > instrumental
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|tree ring
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|tree ring
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|tree ring
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|tree ring
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|tree ring
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|tree ring
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|tree ring
  • earth science > paleoclimate > instrumental
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|tree ring
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|tree ring
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|tree ring
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|tree ring
  • earth science > paleoclimate > instrumental
  • earth science > paleoclimate > instrumental
  • earth science > paleoclimate > reconstructions > atmospheric circulation
  • Atmospheric and Oceanic Circulation Patterns Reconstruction
Place keywords
  • Geographic Region > Western Hemisphere> North America-North Pacific > LATITUDE > LONGITUDE
Use Constraints
  • Cite as: Wise, E.K.; Dannenberg, M.P. (2015-08-12): NOAA/WDS Paleoclimatology - North America-North Pacific 500 hPa Geopotential Height Reconstruction. [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo/study/19103. Accessed [date].
  • Use liability: NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
  • Please cite original publication, online resource, dataset and publication DOIs (where available), and date accessed when using downloaded data. If there is no publication information, please cite investigator, title, online resource, and date accessed. The appearance of external links associated with a dataset does not constitute endorsement by the Department of Commerce/National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration of external Web sites or the information, products or services contained therein. For other than authorized activities, the Department of Commerce/NOAA does not exercise any editorial control over the information you may find at these locations. These links are provided consistent with the stated purpose of this Department of Commerce/NOAA Web site.
Access Constraints
  • Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
  • None
Fees
  • In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free, however fees may apply for data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
Last Modified: 2018-12-11
For questions about the information on this page, please email: paleo@noaa.gov