NOAA/WDS Paleoclimatology - Hawaiian Islands 500 Year Winter Rainfall and SLP Reconstructions

browse graphicPaleoclimatology - Climate Reconstruction
This archived Paleoclimatology Study is available from the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI), under the World Data Service (WDS) for Paleoclimatology. The associated NCEI study type is Climate Reconstruction. The data include parameters of climate reconstructions|tree ring with a geographic location of Hawaiian Islands, Central Pacific Ocean. The time period coverage is from 450 to -62 in calendar years before present (BP). See metadata information for parameter and study location details. Please cite this study when using the data.
  • Cite as: Diaz, H.F.; Wahl, E.R.; Zorita, E.; Giambelluca, T.W.; Eischeid, J. (2016-09-02): NOAA/WDS Paleoclimatology - Hawaiian Islands 500 Year Winter Rainfall and SLP Reconstructions. [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo/study/20465. Accessed [date].
  • Please refer to Credit tab for full citation information.
  • noaa-recon-20465
  • NCEI DSI 1200_01
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DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
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Dataset Point of Contact Bauer, Bruce
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
+1 303-497-6280
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Coverage Description Date Range: 1500 AD to 2012 AD; Date Range: 450 cal yr BP to -62 cal yr BP;
Time Period 1500 to 2012
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates
N: 23.95
S: 18.72
E: -156.15
W: -166.74
Spatial Coverage Map
General Documentation
Associated Resources
  • A Five-Century Reconstruction of Hawaiian Islands Winter Rainfall
    • Associated Reference published 2016
      Henry F. Diaz, Eugene R. Wahl, Eduardo Zorita, Thomas W. Giambelluca, Jon K. Eischeid, 2016: A Five-Century Reconstruction of Hawaiian Islands Winter Rainfall. Journal of Climate, 29, 5661-5674, 10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0815.1
Publication Dates
  • publication: 2016-09-02
Data Presentation Form Digital table - digital representation of facts or figures systematically displayed, especially in columns
Dataset Progress Status Complete - production of the data has been completed
Data Update Frequency Data update frequency not available
Supplemental Information
STUDY NOTES: Reconstructions of Hawaii winter (Dec-Feb) precipitation and northeast Pacific sea-level pressure for the past 500 years. These reconstructions utilize analogs states selected from MPI climate model using gridded California water year precipitation, southwestern N America JJA PDSI, and western N America FM surface temperature reconstructions.
ABSTRACT SUPPLIED BY ORIGINATOR: Few if any high-resolution (annually resolved) paleoclimate records are available for the Hawaiian Islands prior to ~1850 CE, after which some instrumental records start to become available. This paper shows how atmospheric teleconnection patterns between North America and the northeastern North Pacific (NNP) allow for reconstruction of Hawaiian Islands rainfall using remote proxy information from North America. Based on a newly available precipitation dataset for the state of Hawaii and observed and reconstructed December-February (DJF) sea level pressures (SLPs) in the North Pacific Ocean, the authors make use of a strong relationship between winter SLP variability in the northeast Pacific and corresponding DJF Hawaii rainfall variations to reconstruct and evaluate that season's rainfall over the period 1500-2012 CE. A general drying trend, though with substantial decadal and longer-term variability, is evident, particularly during the last ~160 years. Hawaiian Islands rainfall exhibits strong modulation by El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO), as well as in relation to Pacific decadal oscillation (PDO)-like variability. For significant periods of time, the reconstructed large-scale changes in the North Pacific SLP field described here and by construction the long-term decline in Hawaiian winter rainfall are broadly consistent with long-term changes in tropical Pacific sea surface temperature (SST) based on ENSO reconstructions documented in several other studies, particularly over the last two centuries. Also noted are some rather large multidecadal fluctuations in rainfall (and hence in NNP SLP) in the eighteenth century of undetermined provenance.
Purpose Records of past temperature, precipitation, and other climate variables derived from paleoclimate proxies. Parameter keywords describe what was measured in this data set. Additional summary information can be found in the abstracts of papers listed in the data set citations.
Dataset Citation
  • Cite as: Diaz, H.F.; Wahl, E.R.; Zorita, E.; Giambelluca, T.W.; Eischeid, J. (2016-09-02): NOAA/WDS Paleoclimatology - Hawaiian Islands 500 Year Winter Rainfall and SLP Reconstructions. [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo/study/20465. Accessed [date].
  • Please cite original publication, online resource, dataset and publication DOIs (where available), and date accessed when using downloaded data. If there is no publication information, please cite investigator, title, online resource, and date accessed. The appearance of external links associated with a dataset does not constitute endorsement by the Department of Commerce/National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration of external Web sites or the information, products or services contained therein. For other than authorized activities, the Department of Commerce/NOAA does not exercise any editorial control over the information you may find at these locations. These links are provided consistent with the stated purpose of this Department of Commerce/NOAA Web site.
Cited Authors
  • Diaz, H.F.
  • Wahl, E.R.
  • Zorita, E.
  • Giambelluca, T.W.
  • Eischeid, J.
Originators
  • Diaz, H.F.
  • Wahl, E.R.
  • Zorita, E.
  • Giambelluca, T.W.
  • Eischeid, J.
Publishers
  • NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
Theme keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
  • Earth Science > Climate Indicators > Paleoclimate Indicators > Paleoclimate Reconstructions
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|tree ring
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|tree ring
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|tree ring
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|tree ring
  • earth science > paleoclimate > instrumental
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|tree ring
  • earth science > paleoclimate > instrumental
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|tree ring
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|tree ring
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|tree ring
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|tree ring
  • earth science > paleoclimate > climate reconstructions|tree ring
  • earth science > paleoclimate > reconstructions > precipitation
  • Other Reconstruction
  • Precipitation Reconstruction
  • pressure
Place keywords
  • Ocean > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands> Hawaiian Islands > LATITUDE 21 > LONGITUDE -161
Use Constraints
  • Cite as: Diaz, H.F.; Wahl, E.R.; Zorita, E.; Giambelluca, T.W.; Eischeid, J. (2016-09-02): NOAA/WDS Paleoclimatology - Hawaiian Islands 500 Year Winter Rainfall and SLP Reconstructions. [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo/study/20465. Accessed [date].
  • Use liability: NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
  • Please cite original publication, online resource, dataset and publication DOIs (where available), and date accessed when using downloaded data. If there is no publication information, please cite investigator, title, online resource, and date accessed. The appearance of external links associated with a dataset does not constitute endorsement by the Department of Commerce/National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration of external Web sites or the information, products or services contained therein. For other than authorized activities, the Department of Commerce/NOAA does not exercise any editorial control over the information you may find at these locations. These links are provided consistent with the stated purpose of this Department of Commerce/NOAA Web site.
Access Constraints
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Last Modified: 2018-12-11
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