Carbon Dioxide, Hydrographic, and Chemical Data Obtained During the R/V Nathaniel B. Palmer Cruise in the Southern Ocean on CLIVAR Repeat Hydrography Section S04P (Feb. 19 - Apr. 23, 2011) (NODC Accession 0109933)

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NCEI Accession 0109933 includes discrete sample data collected from NATHANIEL B. PALMER in the Southern Oceans from 2011-02-19 to 2011-04-23. These data include CHLOROFLUOROCARBON-11 (CFC-11), CHLOROFLUOROCARBON-113 (CFC-113), CHLOROFLUOROCARBON-12 (CFC-12), DELTA CARBON-13, DELTA CARBON-14, DELTA HELIUM-3, DISSOLVED INORGANIC CARBON (DIC), DISSOLVED ORGANIC CARBON, DISSOLVED OXYGEN, HELIUM, HYDROSTATIC PRESSURE, NEON, NITRATE, NITRITE, Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide - water, Potential temperature (theta), SALINITY, SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE, SULFUR HEXAFLUORIDE (SF6), TOTAL ALKALINITY (TA), Total Dissolved Nitrogen (TDN), Tritium (Hydrogen isotope), WATER TEMPERATURE, pH, phosphate and silicate. The instruments used to collect these data include Alkalinity titrator, CTD, Coulometer for DIC measurement, bottle and spectrophotometer.

These data were collected by Frank J. Millero and Dennis Hansell of Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, Richard A. Feely and Christopher Sabine of US DOC; NOAA; OAR; Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory and Andrew Dickson of University of California - San Diego; Scripps Institution of Oceanography as part of the CLIVAR_S04P_2011 data set.

The International CLIVAR Global Ocean Carbon and Repeat Hydrography Program carries out a systematic and global re-occupation of select WOCE/JGOFS hydrographic sections to quantify changes in storage and transport of heat, fresh water, carbon dioxide (CO2), and related parameters.
  • Cite as: Sabine, Christopher L.; Feely, Richard A.; Wanninkhof, Rik; Dickson, Andrew G.; Millero, Frank J.; Hansell, Dennis A.; Swift, James H.; McNichol, Ann; Key, Robert M. (2013). Carbon Dioxide, Hydrographic, and Chemical Data Obtained During the R/V Nathaniel B. Palmer Cruise in the Southern Ocean on CLIVAR Repeat Hydrography Section S04P (Feb. 19 - Apr. 23, 2011) (NODC Accession 0109933). Version 4.4. National Oceanographic Data Center, NOAA. Dataset. doi:10.3334/CDIAC/OTG.CLIVAR_S04P_2011 [access date]
gov.noaa.nodc:0109933
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  • CSV
Ordering Instructions Data may be searched and downloaded using online services provided by NCEI using the online resource URLs in this record. Contact NCEI Information Services for custom orders. When requesting data from NCEI, the desired data set may be referred to by the unique package identification number listed in this metadata record.
Distributor DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
301-713-3277
NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact Information Services
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
301-713-3277
NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
Time Period 2011-02-19 to 2011-04-23
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates
N: -58.803
S: -77.692
E: -66.582
W: 165.692
Spatial Coverage Map
General Documentation
Associated Resources
  • Carbon Dioxide, Hydrographic, and Chemical Data Obtained During the R/V Nathaniel B. Palmer Cruise in the Southern Ocean on CLIVAR Repeat Hydrography Section S04P (Feb. 19 - Apr. 23, 2011).
Publication Dates
  • publication: 2013-07-03
  • revision: 2017-11-18
Edition 4.4
Data Presentation Form Digital table - digital representation of facts or figures systematically displayed, especially in columns
Dataset Progress Status Complete - production of the data has been completed
Data Update Frequency As needed
Supplemental Information
These data were acquired by NCEI from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) in accordance with an archival submission agreement between CDIAC and NCEI.

The data provider requests citing these data as described in the Cross Reference Citation at: http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0109933

NCEI cannot verify the accuracy or availability of the data provider's citation information, which is maintained by the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC).

In this accession, NCEI has archived multiple versions of these data. The latest (and best) version of these data has the largest version number.
Purpose Basic research
Use Limitations
  • accessLevel: Public
  • Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
Dataset Citation
  • Cite as: Sabine, Christopher L.; Feely, Richard A.; Wanninkhof, Rik; Dickson, Andrew G.; Millero, Frank J.; Hansell, Dennis A.; Swift, James H.; McNichol, Ann; Key, Robert M. (2013). Carbon Dioxide, Hydrographic, and Chemical Data Obtained During the R/V Nathaniel B. Palmer Cruise in the Southern Ocean on CLIVAR Repeat Hydrography Section S04P (Feb. 19 - Apr. 23, 2011) (NODC Accession 0109933). Version 4.4. National Oceanographic Data Center, NOAA. Dataset. doi:10.3334/CDIAC/OTG.CLIVAR_S04P_2011 [access date]
Cited Authors
  • Sabine, Christopher L.
  • Feely, Richard A.
  • Wanninkhof, Rik
  • Dickson, Andrew G.
  • Millero, Frank J.
  • Hansell, Dennis A.
  • Swift, James H.
  • McNichol, Ann
  • Key, Robert M.
Principal Investigators
Contributors
Resource Providers
Publishers
Acknowledgments
  • Funding Information: NSF
  • Funding Information: NSF
Theme keywords NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS WMO_CategoryCode
  • oceanography
Cruise ID
  • CLIVAR_S04P_2011
EXPOCODE
  • 320620110219
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > ALKALINITY
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > CARBON DIOXIDE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > DISSOLVED GASES
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > INORGANIC CARBON
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > NITRATE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > NITRITE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > NITROGEN
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > ORGANIC CARBON
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > OXYGEN
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > PH
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > PHOSPHATE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > SILICATE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN PRESSURE > WATER PRESSURE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN TEMPERATURE > POTENTIAL TEMPERATURE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN TEMPERATURE > SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > OCEAN TEMPERATURE > WATER TEMPERATURE
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > SALINITY/DENSITY > SALINITY
Originator Variable Names
  • ALKALI
  • CFC-11
  • CFC-12
  • CFC113
  • CTDOXY
  • CTDPRS
  • CTDSAL
  • CTDTMP
  • DELC13
  • DELC14
  • DELHE3
  • DELHER
  • DOC
  • HELIUM
  • NEON
  • NITRAT
  • NITRIT
  • OXYGEN
  • PCO2_SST
  • PCO2_TEQ
  • PHSPHT
  • PH_TMP
  • PH_TOT
  • SALNTY
  • SF6
  • SILCAT
  • SSS
  • SST
  • TCARBN
  • TDN
  • THETA
  • TRITUM
  • VCO2_SW
Provider Variable Names
  • ALKALI
  • CFC-11
  • CFC-12
  • CTDOXY
  • CTDSAL
  • CTDTMP
  • DIC
  • DOC
  • NITRAT
  • NITRIT
  • OXYGEN
  • PHSPHT
  • PH_TMP
  • PH_TOT
  • SALNTY
  • SF6
  • SILCAT
  • TA
  • TCARBN
  • TDN
  • TRITER
  • TRITUM
  • pH
Reference Section ID
  • GO-SHIP_S04P
Data Center keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NODC > National Oceanographic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/OAR/PMEL > Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, OAR, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
NODC COLLECTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS NODC SUBMITTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS
Platform keywords NODC PLATFORM NAMES THESAURUS Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Platform Keywords
  • SHIPS
Instrument keywords NODC INSTRUMENT TYPES THESAURUS Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Instrument Keywords
  • OPTSPEC > Optical Spectrometer
Place keywords NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
  • OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > SOUTH ATLANTIC OCEAN
  • OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > SOUTH PACIFIC OCEAN
  • OCEAN > SOUTHERN OCEAN
Provider Geographic Names
  • Southern Ocean
Project keywords NODC PROJECT NAMES THESAURUS Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Project Keywords
  • CLIVAR > Climate Variability
Ocean Acidification Search Keywords
  • Ocean Carbon Data System (OCADS) Project
Keywords NCEI ACCESSION NUMBER
Use Constraints
  • Cite as: Sabine, Christopher L.; Feely, Richard A.; Wanninkhof, Rik; Dickson, Andrew G.; Millero, Frank J.; Hansell, Dennis A.; Swift, James H.; McNichol, Ann; Key, Robert M. (2013). Carbon Dioxide, Hydrographic, and Chemical Data Obtained During the R/V Nathaniel B. Palmer Cruise in the Southern Ocean on CLIVAR Repeat Hydrography Section S04P (Feb. 19 - Apr. 23, 2011) (NODC Accession 0109933). Version 4.4. National Oceanographic Data Center, NOAA. Dataset. doi:10.3334/CDIAC/OTG.CLIVAR_S04P_2011 [access date]
Access Constraints
  • NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
Fees
  • Digital data may be downloaded from NCEI at no charge in most cases. For custom orders of digital data or to obtain a copy of analog materials, please contact NCEI Information Services for information about current fees.
Lineage information for: dataset
Processing Steps
  • 2013-07-03T19:02:09 - NCEI Accession 0109933 v1.1 was published.
  • 2014-01-07T16:01:12 - NCEI Accession 0109933 was revised and v2.2 was published.
    Rationale: Updates were received for this data set. These updates were copied into the data/0-data/ directory of this accession. These updates may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. This version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession.
  • 2016-02-19T17:17:11 - NCEI Accession 0109933 was revised and v3.3 was published.
    Rationale: Updates were received for this data set. These updates were copied into the data/0-data/ directory of this accession. These updates may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. This version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession.
  • 2017-11-18T03:15:09 - NCEI Accession 0109933 was revised and v4.4 was published.
    Rationale: Updates were received for this data set. These updates were copied into the data/0-data/ directory of this accession. These updates may provide additional files or replace obsolete files. This version contains the most complete and up-to-date representation of this archival information package. All of the files received prior to this update are available in the preceding version of this accession.
Output Datasets
Lineage information for: dataset
Processing Steps
  • Parameter or Variable: Dissolved Inorganic Carbon; Abbreviation: DIC; Observation type: discrete; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: In-situ observation; Measured or calculated: Calculated; Replicate information: The replicate samples (N=314) were interspersed throughout the station analysis for quality assurance and integrity of the coulometer cell solutions. No systematic differences between the replicates were observed; Standardization description: SOMMA (Single Operator Multiparameter Metabolic Analyzer; CRM batch number: Batch 106.
  • Parameter or Variable: Total alkalinity; Abbreviation: TA; Observation type: discrete; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: In-situ observation; Measured or calculated: Measured; Type of titration: potentiometric; Cell type (open or closed): Open; Curve fitting method: Total alkalinity measurements were made using an open-cell, two-stage, potentiometric titration procedure similar to that used to certify reference materials for total alkalinity (see Dickson et al., 2003), except that samples were not weighed into the titration vessel.; Uncertainty: Precision ~ 1.5 μmol/kg, Accuracy ~ 2.0 μmol/kg; Method reference: Dickson, A.G., Sabine, C.L. and Christian, J.R. (Eds.), (2007): Guide to Best Practices for Ocean C O2 Measurements. PICES Special Publication 3, 191 pp. Dickson, A. G., Afghan, J. D. & Anderson, G. C., 2003. Reference materials for oceanic CO2 analysis: A method for the certification of total alkalinity. Marine Chemistry 80, 185-197..
  • Parameter or Variable: pH; Abbreviation: pH; pH scale: Total scale; Observation type: discrete; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: In-situ observation; Measured or calculated: Measured; Temperature of pH measurement: 25; Detailed sampling and analyzing information: pH (mmol/kg H2O) on the total scale was measured using an Agilent 8453 spectrophotometer according to the methods outlined by Clayton and Byrne (1993). A RTE17 water bath maintained spectrophotometric cell temperature at 25.0C.; Uncertainty: The precision of the data can be accessed from measurements of duplicate samples, and certified reference material (CRM) Batch 106 (Dr. Andrew Dickson, UCSD). CRMs were measured approximately every other. The mean and standard deviation for the CRMs was 7.9168+/- 0.0031 (n=110).the accuracy of the pH measurements is underway, and large changes (~0.01) in the final reported values are likely. Confidence in the precision of the measurements remains high, and likely changes would be a simple offset or an offset that is a simple function of reported pH..
  • Parameter or Variable: CTDTMP; Abbreviation: CTDTMP; Unit: DEG_C; Controlled vocabulary name: WATER TEMPERATURE; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: CTDSAL; Abbreviation: CTDSAL; Controlled vocabulary name: SALINITY; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: SALNTY; Abbreviation: SALNTY; Controlled vocabulary name: SALINITY; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: CTDOXY; Abbreviation: CTDOXY; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: DISSOLVED OXYGEN; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: OXYGEN; Abbreviation: OXYGEN; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: DISSOLVED OXYGEN; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: SILCAT; Abbreviation: SILCAT; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: silicate; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: NITRAT; Abbreviation: NITRAT; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: NITRATE; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: NITRIT; Abbreviation: NITRIT; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: NITRITE; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: PHSPHT; Abbreviation: PHSPHT; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: phosphate; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: CFC-11; Abbreviation: CFC-11; Unit: PMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: CHLOROFLUOROCARBON-11 (CFC-11); In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: CFC-12; Abbreviation: CFC-12; Unit: PMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: CHLOROFLUOROCARBON-12 (CFC-12); In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: SF6; Abbreviation: SF6; Unit: FMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: Sulfur Hexaflouride (SF6); In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: TCARBN; Abbreviation: TCARBN; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: DISSOLVED INORGANIC CARBON (DIC); In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: ALKALI; Abbreviation: ALKALI; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: total alkalinity; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: PH_TOT; Abbreviation: PH_TOT; Unit: @20C; Controlled vocabulary name: pH; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: PH_TMP; Abbreviation: PH_TMP; Unit: DEG_C; Controlled vocabulary name: pH; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: DOC; Abbreviation: DOC; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: DISSOLVED ORGANIC CARBON; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: TDN; Abbreviation: TDN; Unit: UMOL/KG; Controlled vocabulary name: Total Dissolved Nitrogen (TDN); In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: TRITUM; Abbreviation: TRITUM; Unit: TU; Controlled vocabulary name: Tritium (Hydrogen isotope); In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
  • Parameter or Variable: TRITER; Abbreviation: TRITER; Unit: TU; In-situ / Manipulation / Response variable: in-situ.
Lineage information for: repository
Processing Steps
  • 2015-04-22T00:00:00 - NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
Acquisition Information (collection)
Instrument
  • spectrophotometer
Platform
  • NATHANIEL B. PALMER
Last Modified: 2018-12-12T18:25:33
For questions about the information on this page, please email: NODC.DataOfficer@noaa.gov