ANIMALS - INDIVIDUAL - COUNTS, SPECIES IDENTIFICATION and ANIMALS - GROUP - BEHAVIOR visual observation data collected in the South Pacific Ocean on the NATHANIEL B. PALMER cruises NBP0103, NBP0104 and others as part of the Southern Ocean GLOBEC project from 2001-04-29 to 2002-09-09 (NCEI Accession 0112819)

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NODC Accession 0112819 includes visual observation and biological data collected aboard the NATHANIEL B. PALMER during cruises NBP0103, NBP0104, NBP0202 and NBP0204 in the South Pacific Ocean from 2001-04-29 to 2002-09-09. These data include ANIMALS - INDIVIDUAL - COUNTS, SPECIES IDENTIFICATION and ANIMALS - GROUP - BEHAVIOR. The instruments used to collect these data include not applicable. These data were collected by Erik Chapman of Old Dominion University as part of Southern Ocean GLOBEC. The Biological and Chemical Oceanography Data Management Office (BCO-DMO) submitted these data to NODC on 2013-07-23.

The following is the text of the abstract provided by BCO-DMO:

Seabird Survey Observations
PI Notes:
Time and Yearday can be used in conjunction with alongtrack (http:/jg/serv/globec/soglobec/alongtrack.html0) data to find latitude, longitude and ship's heading information.
PI Contact:
Erik Chapman
Old Dominion University
Center for Coastal Physical Oceanography
Norfolk, Virginia 23529
phone 757 377 0482
e-mail chapman@ccpo.odu.edu (mailto:chapman@ccpo.odu.edu)

SO GLOBEC, BG243 Predator Survey Methods
Seabird abundance and distribution within the SO GLOBEC study area was investigated using daytime and nighttime (using night vision viewers) survey work. We also recorded seal observations made within the transect area. Nighttime surveys were designed to complement daytime surveys.
Daytime Surveys
Methods
Strip transects were conducted simultaneously at 300 m and 600 m widths for birds. Surveys were conducted continuously while the ship was underway within the study area and when visibility was >300 m. For strip transects, two observers continuously scanned a 90° area extending the transect distance (300 m and 600 m) to the side and forward along the transect line. Binoculars of 10X and 7X magnification were used to confirm species identifications. The 7X pair of binoculars also included a laser range finder. Ship followers and bird observed to be attracted to the ship were noted at first occurrence. These observations will be down-weighted in the analyses because these individuals may have been attracted to the ship from habitats at a distance from the ship. For each sighting, transect (300 m or 600 m), species, number of birds, behavior, flight direction, and any association with visible physical features, such as ice, were recorded. Distances were measured either by a range finder device as suggested by Heinemann (1981) or by the laser distance finder (when in the ice). Marine mammal sightings within the transect were also recorded.
Surveys were conducted from an outside observation post located on the port bridge wing of the RVIB N.B. Palmer. When it was not feasible to conduct surveys from this observation post, we surveyed from the inside port bridge wing.
Seabird Nighttime Surveys
Methods
ITT 200/210 Binocular Night Vision Viewers were used during one half-hour survey periods while on the survey grid. Surveys were a minimum of an hour apart. Observations were made from the bridge wing during NBP0104 and outside, from a dark area on the 01 deck, during NBP0103. Observers scanned back and forth looking for birds. Species and behavior of the bird was recorded for each observation. Observations were not conducted when visibility with the night vision viewer was less than 100 m from the ship.
Literature Cited
Heinemann, D. 1981. A rangefinder for pelagic bird censusing. J. Wildl. Manage. 45:489-493.

Species Codes

Common Name
Code
Scientific Name

Adelie Penguin
adpe
Pygoscelis adeliae

Antarctic Petrel
anpe
Thalassoica antarctica

Broadbilled (Antarctic) Prion
anpe
Pachyptila vittata (des.)

Antarctic Tern
ante
Sterna vittata

Black-browed Albatross
bbal
Diomedea melanophris

Black-bellied Storm-petrel
bbsp
Fregetta tropica

Imperial Shag (Blue-eyed Shag)
besh
Phalacrocorax atriceps

Blue Petrel
blpe
Halobaena caerulea

Antarctic (Brown) Skua
brsk
Catharacta (skua) lonnbergi

Cape Petrel ('Pintado Petrel')
cape
Daption capense

Chinstrap Penguin
chpe
Pygoscelis antarctica

Crabeater Seal
crse
Lobodon carcinophagus

Elephant Seal
else
Mirounga leonina

Emperor Penguin
empe
Aptenodytes forsteri

Antarctic Fur Seal
fuse
Arctocephalus gazella

Grey-headed Albatross
ghal
Diomedea chrysostoma

Humpback Whale
huwh
Megaptera novaeangliae

Dominican Gull (Kelp Gull)
kegu
Larus dominicanus

Leopard Seal
lese
Hydrurga leptonyx

Minke Whale
miwh
Balaenoptera acutorostrata

Ross Seal
rose
Ommatophoca rossi

Southern Giant Petrel
sgpe
Macronectes giganteus

Snow Petrel
snpe
Pagodroma nivea

Southern Fulmar
sofu
Fulmarus glacialoides

Sooty Shearwater
sosh
Puffinus griseus

South Polar Skua
spsk
Catharacta maccormicki

Unknown Albatross
unal
nd

Unidentified Petrel
unpe
nd

Unidentified Prion
unpr
nd

Unidentified Seal
unse
nd

unidentified large Skua
unsk
nd

Unidentified storm-petrel
unsp
nd

Unidentified Whale
unwh
nd

Weddell Seal
wese
Leptonychotes weddellii

Wilsons Storm-petrel
wisp
Oceanites oceanicus

Behavior Codes

Code
Description
Explanation

1
Feeding
Birds or seals observed handling foods or birds attempting to catch food

2
Milling
Birds observed foraging or circling

3
In transit
Birds or seals moving in a direct line in a definite direction

4
Resting on Ice
Applies to both birds and seals

5
Resting on Water
Applies to both birds and seals

6
Following Ship
Birds only

7
dipping, possible feeding

8
Attracted to ship

Transect Codes

Code
Description

3
300 m transect on the port side

6
600 m transect on the port side

0
>600 m on port side

1
Starboard side (No distance limit)

Last updated November 23, 2005; gfh
  • Cite as: Chapman, E. (2013). ANIMALS - INDIVIDUAL - COUNTS, SPECIES IDENTIFICATION and ANIMALS - GROUP - BEHAVIOR visual observation data collected in the South Pacific Ocean on the NATHANIEL B. PALMER cruises NBP0103, NBP0104 and others as part of the Southern Ocean GLOBEC project from 2001-04-29 to 2002-09-09 (NCEI Accession 0112819). [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0112819. Accessed [date].
gov.noaa.nodc:0112819
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  • CSV
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Distributor DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
301-713-3277
NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact Information Services
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
301-713-3277
NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
Time Period 2001-04-29 to 2002-09-09
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates
N: -65.6515
S: -69.4975
E: -67.6244
W: -77.4454
Spatial Coverage Map
General Documentation
Associated Resources
  • Biological, chemical, physical, biogeochemical, ecological, environmental and other data collected from around the world during historical and contemporary periods of biological and chemical oceanographic exploration and research managed and submitted by the Biological and Chemical Oceanography Data Management Office (BCO-DMO)
    • NCEI Collection
      Navigate directly to the URL for data access and direct download.
  • bird_observ from the SOGLOBEC project of the U.S. GLOBEC program
    • bird_observ (download)
      bird_observ from the SOGLOBEC project of the U.S. GLOBEC program
  • Parent ID (indicates this is related to other data):
    • gov.noaa.nodc:BCO-DMO
Publication Dates
  • publication: 2013-09-09
Data Presentation Form Digital table - digital representation of facts or figures systematically displayed, especially in columns
Dataset Progress Status Complete - production of the data has been completed
Historical archive - data has been stored in an offline storage facility
Data Update Frequency As needed
Supplemental Information
The Data Originator(s)/Principal Investigator(s) for these data:
Erik Chapman, Old Dominion University

The data were collected during the following cruise(s):
NBP0103
NBP0104
NBP0202
NBP0204

The collection of the data was supported by:
NSF Division of Antarctic Sciences
Purpose This dataset is available to the public for a wide variety of uses including scientific research and analysis.
Use Limitations
  • accessLevel: Public
  • Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
Dataset Citation
  • Cite as: Chapman, E. (2013). ANIMALS - INDIVIDUAL - COUNTS, SPECIES IDENTIFICATION and ANIMALS - GROUP - BEHAVIOR visual observation data collected in the South Pacific Ocean on the NATHANIEL B. PALMER cruises NBP0103, NBP0104 and others as part of the Southern Ocean GLOBEC project from 2001-04-29 to 2002-09-09 (NCEI Accession 0112819). [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0112819. Accessed [date].
Cited Authors
  • Chapman, E.
Contributors
Resource Providers
Points of Contact
Publishers
Theme keywords NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS WMO_CategoryCode
  • oceanography
BCO-DMO Data Elements Thesaurus
  • behav_code
  • comments
  • cruiseid
  • flight_dir
  • number
  • species
  • time_gmt
  • time_of_day
  • transect_code
  • year
  • yrday_gmt
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
  • EARTH SCIENCE > AGRICULTURE > ANIMAL SCIENCE > ANIMAL ECOLOGY AND BEHAVIOR
Data Center keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NODC > National Oceanographic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
NODC COLLECTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS NODC SUBMITTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS
Platform keywords NODC PLATFORM NAMES THESAURUS Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Platform Keywords
  • SHIPS
SeaDataNet Ship and Platform Codes
Place keywords NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
  • OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > SOUTH PACIFIC OCEAN
Project keywords NODC PROJECT NAMES THESAURUS Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Project Keywords
  • U.S.GLOBEC-GB > U.S. Global Ocean Ecosystem Dynamics, Georges Bank
Keywords NCEI ACCESSION NUMBER
Use Constraints
  • Cite as: Chapman, E. (2013). ANIMALS - INDIVIDUAL - COUNTS, SPECIES IDENTIFICATION and ANIMALS - GROUP - BEHAVIOR visual observation data collected in the South Pacific Ocean on the NATHANIEL B. PALMER cruises NBP0103, NBP0104 and others as part of the Southern Ocean GLOBEC project from 2001-04-29 to 2002-09-09 (NCEI Accession 0112819). [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0112819. Accessed [date].
Access Constraints
  • Use liability: NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
Fees
  • In most cases, electronic downloads of the data are free. However, fees may apply for custom orders, data certifications, copies of analog materials, and data distribution on physical media.
Lineage information for: dataset
Processing Steps
  • 2013-09-09T13:46:12Z - NCEI Accession 0112819 v1.1 was published.
Output Datasets
Lineage information for: repository
Processing Steps
  • 2015-04-22T00:00:00 - NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
Acquisition Information (collection)
Platform
  • RV Nathaniel B. Palmer
Last Modified: 2019-05-18T12:45:31Z
For questions about the information on this page, please email: NODC.DataOfficer@noaa.gov