Coral reef ecosystem valuation surveys in Puerto Rico conducted from 2016-10-15 to 2017-06-21 (NCEI Accession 0173405)

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This accession contains the data that were collected as part of a six volume report series on the socioeconomics of visitor use of Puerto Rico’s coral reef ecosystems. Two main surveys were conducted for reef-using visitors to Puerto Rico: the Airport Survey and the CUSTOMER On-site Survey.

The first component of the Airport Survey consisted of an on-site survey at the airport on flights leaving Puerto Rico. Information was obtained on place of permanent residence, time of arrival and departure for each participant's current trip to Puerto Rico, number of nights in Puerto Rico on trip, number in the party 16 years and older, and number in party under 16 years of age. Demographic information (e.g. age, gender, race/ethnicity, household income and ownership of second home in Puerto Rico) was also part of this survey. In addition, the survey included questions about recreation activity by type of activity, mode of access (shore, private boat, rental boat or for hire boat), region of activity (five regions), and number in the party that did the activity). Number of trips to Puerto Rico and number of day spent in Puerto Rico over the last 12 month was also asked. The Airport survey was done in the winter and summer seasons).

The airport survey also had a mailback component. This consisted of two surveys handed to reef-using visitors after completing the On-site Airport survey; an expenditures and satisfaction mailback. Detailed expenditures were obtained and the number in the party the expenditures covered. The satisfaction mailback obtained ratings on 25 natural resource attributes, facilities and services on both importance and satisfaction with each item. Special issue questions were also included here.

The CUSTOMER On-site survey was done at hotels, marinas, dive shops, charter/guide boat access points, parks and beaches where reef-using visitors could be found. This survey obtained activity participation and use as in the Airport On-site survey, but added the dimension of intensity of use measured in person-days and number of dives for snorkeling and SCUBA diving. Again this was done by region and season. this survey also included the willingness to pay questions for the non-market economic values of reef attribute conditions. The survey also included demographic information much like the Airport Survey.
  • Cite as: Office of National Marine Sanctuaries; Leeworthy, Bob; Schwarzmann, Danielle (2018). Coral reef ecosystem valuation surveys in Puerto Rico conducted from 2016-10-15 to 2017-06-21 (NCEI Accession 0173405). [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0173405. Accessed [date].
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Distributor DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
301-713-3277
NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact Information Services
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
301-713-3277
NCEI.Info@noaa.gov
Time Period 2016-10-15 to 2017-06-21
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates
N: 18.521
S: 17.947
E: -65.591
W: -67.242
Spatial Coverage Map
General Documentation
Publication Dates
  • publication: 2018-06-15
Data Presentation Form Digital table - digital representation of facts or figures systematically displayed, especially in columns
Dataset Progress Status Complete - production of the data has been completed
Historical archive - data has been stored in an offline storage facility
Data Update Frequency As needed
Supplemental Information
The six reports generated as part of this study are also included within the accession:

Volume 1 presents a socioeconomic profile of reef using visitors to Puerto Rico. Estimates are presented on the total amount of visitation measured in person-trips (visits) and intensity of visitation measured in person-days. The concepts of person-trips and person-days are defined and as with many measurements, separate estimates are provided by season (summer and winter). Extensive profiles are presented on activity participation for reef using activities and non-reef using activities for reef using visitors. An extensive set of appendix tables provides details by activity type, region and season. Puerto Rico was divided into five regions for estimation of activity use. Intensity of use is measured in person-days for selected reef using activities by region and season.

Volume 2 addresses the economic contribution/impact of visitor reef user’s expenditures in Puerto Rico on the Puerto Rican economy. Estimates of total visitor spending by category are used in the IMPLAN input-output model for Puerto Rico to estimate the impact of these expenditures on the Puerto Rican economy in terms of output/sales, valued-added (gross regional product), income and employment, including multiplier or "ripple effects" of the spending by reef using visitors.

Volume 3 addresses importance-satisfaction ratings by reef using visitors on 25 natural resource attributes, facilities and services. The importance-performance four-quadrant analysis is used to place items as to their relative importance and satisfaction.

Volume 4 is a technical appendix detailing the sampling methods and estimation for items measured and presented in Volumes 1 to 3.

Volumes 5 and 6 are fundamental to the EPA decision support tool. These reports address the non-market economic values of the coral reef ecosystems. Non-market economic values are the value people receive when consuming a good or service over and above what they pay to get the good or service. Economists refer to this as “consumer’s surplus. These are the appropriate values to include in damage assessments when suing responsible parties for damages to coral reefs and in public investments to protect and/or restore coral reef ecosystems. The attributes approach to valuation is used valuing changes in the condition of coral reef ecosystem attributes (e.g. coral cover, coral diversity, fish abundance and diversity, water clarity, and the opportunity to see large wildlife). Volume 5 presents results for example scenarios using estimated models, while Volume 6 is the Technical Appendix detailing the methods used in survey sampling and
economic value estimation.
Purpose This dataset is available to the public for a wide variety of uses including scientific research and analysis.
Use Limitations
  • accessLevel: Public
  • Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
Dataset Citation
  • Cite as: Office of National Marine Sanctuaries; Leeworthy, Bob; Schwarzmann, Danielle (2018). Coral reef ecosystem valuation surveys in Puerto Rico conducted from 2016-10-15 to 2017-06-21 (NCEI Accession 0173405). [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0173405. Accessed [date].
Cited Authors
Contributors
Resource Providers
Publishers
Acknowledgments
  • Related Funding Agency: US Environmental Protection Agency
Theme keywords NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS WMO_CategoryCode
  • oceanography
CoRIS Discovery Thesaurus
  • Geographic Information > Socioeconomic
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus
  • EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment > Socio-economic Survey
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
  • EARTH SCIENCE > HUMAN DIMENSIONS
  • EARTH SCIENCE > HUMAN DIMENSIONS > SOCIOECONOMICS
Data Center keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NODC > National Oceanographic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NOS/NMS > National Marine Sanctuaries, National Ocean Service, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
NODC COLLECTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS NODC SUBMITTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS
Instrument keywords Instrument Keywords
  • Questionnaire
Place keywords NODC SEA AREA NAMES THESAURUS CoRIS Place Thesaurus
  • COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Puerto Rico > Puerto Rico (18N066W0000)
  • OCEAN BASIN > Atlantic Ocean > Caribbean Sea /North Atlantic Ocean > Puerto Rico > Puerto Rico (18N066W0000)
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
  • OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN
  • OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN > CARIBBEAN SEA
Project keywords NODC PROJECT NAMES THESAURUS
Keywords NCEI ACCESSION NUMBER
Use Constraints
  • Cite as: Office of National Marine Sanctuaries; Leeworthy, Bob; Schwarzmann, Danielle (2018). Coral reef ecosystem valuation surveys in Puerto Rico conducted from 2016-10-15 to 2017-06-21 (NCEI Accession 0173405). [indicate subset used]. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Dataset. https://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0173405. Accessed [date].
Access Constraints
  • Use liability: NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
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Lineage information for: dataset
Processing Steps
  • 2018-06-15T19:20:28Z - NCEI Accession 0173405 v1.1 was published.
Output Datasets
Last Modified: 2018-06-15T21:40:59Z
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